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ऑस्ट्रेलियाई ओपन ग्रैंड स्लैम टेनिस प्रतियोगिता

यह वर्ष की प्रथम ग्रैंड स्लैम टैनिस प्रतियोगिता है जो ऑस्ट्रेलिया में आयोजित की जाती है। ऑस्ट्रेलिया मे होने के कारण इसका नाम ऑस्ट्रेलियाई ओपन पडा है। इसकी शुरूवात प्रत्‍येक वर्ष जनवरी माह होती है।

इस प्रतियोगिता की शुरुआत १९०५ में वेराहौसमैन क्रिकेट मैदान में हुई. इसे ऑस्ट्रेलेसियन चैम्पिअन्शिप का नाम दिया गया क्योंकि १९१२ तक इसका आयोजन ऑस्ट्रेलिया एवं न्यूजीलैंड दोनों ने किया The competition was only expanded to include women's tennis in 1922. Due to the geographical distance separating it from the other tournaments, the top American and European players rarely deigned to travel down to the Antipodes until the end of the 1970s, meaning that the title was almost exclusively won by Australians up until that date.

In 1972, The Australian Tennis Federation decided to change the venue of the event every year, with Sydney, Perth, Brisbane and even New Zealand taking turns to host the tournament. In 1983, the Australian Open set up home in Kooyong, Melbourne, where it began to earn the respect of the tennis-playing world until its move in 1988 to Flinders Park. Grass courts made way for hard Rebound Ace surfaces, and in 1997, Flinders Park was renamed Melbourne Park. Since 1988, the Australian Open is the only Grand Slam tournament to have two courts covered by retractable roofs.