चूड़ासमा

भारत के गुजरात राज्य में पाया जाने वाला एक प्रमुख आभीर वंश

चुडासमा अथवा चूड़ासमा भारतीय राज्य गुजरात में पाये जाने वाला एक समुदाय है जो मूल रूप से सिंध के आभीरों के वंशज माने जाते हैं। चूडासामा राजवंश मूल रूप से सिंध का एक आभीर वंश था, 875 ई. के बाद से जूनागढ़ के आसपास उनका काफी प्रभाव था, जब उन्होंने अपने राजा रा चुडा के नेतृत्व में गिरनार के करीब वनथली (प्राचीन वामनस्थली) में खुद को समेकित किया।[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9]

आभीर शासक ग्रहरिपु के शासनकाल के दौरान उपरकोट किले पर कब्जा कर लिया गया था

अहीरों ने 10वीं शताब्दी के उत्तरार्ध से दक्षिणी और पश्चिमी सौराष्ट्र में शासन करना शुरू किया। उनकी राजधानी वामनशताली थी, जो जूनागढ़ से नौ मील पश्चिम में आधुनिक वनथली थी। वे गृहरिपु के शासनकाल के दौरान बहुत शक्तिशाली हो गए थे जिन्होंने सैंधवों और चालुक्यों को हराया।[10][11]

गृहरिपु एक अहीर शासक था वह विश्वारह का उत्तराधिकारी था। उसके कच्छ के फूल जडेजा के पुत्र लाखा व अन्य तुर्क राजाओं से मधुर संबंध थे।[12][13][14][15][16][17][18][19][20][21]

हेमचन्द्र रचित द्याश्रय काव्य में जूनागढ़ के पास वनथली में शासन करने वाले चूड़ासमा राजकुमार गृहरिपु का वर्णन एक अहीर और एक यादव के रूप में किया है। इसके अलावा, उनकी बर्दिक परंपराओं के साथ-साथ लोकप्रिय कहानियों में चूड़ासमा को अभी भी अहीर राणा कहा जाता है।[22][23]

इन्हें भी देखेंसंपादित करें

सन्दर्भसंपादित करें

  1. Congress, Indian History (1953). The Proceedings of the Indian History Congress (अंग्रेज़ी में). This Abhira family is identified by some scholars with the Cūḍāsamā tribe.
  2. Thapar, Romila (2008). Somanatha: The Many Voices of a History (अंग्रेज़ी में). Penguin Books India. आई॰ऍस॰बी॰ऍन॰ 978-0-14-306468-8.
  3. The History and Culture of the Indian People: The age of imperial Kanauj (अंग्रेज़ी में). G. Allen & Unwin. 1951.
  4. Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency ... (अंग्रेज़ी में). Printed at the Government Central Press. 1901.
  5. Division, Publications. THE GAZETTEER OF INDIA Volume 2 (अंग्रेज़ी में). Publications Division Ministry of Information & Broadcasting. आई॰ऍस॰बी॰ऍन॰ 978-81-230-2265-9.
  6. Rajan, K. V. Soundara (1985). Junagadh (अंग्रेज़ी में). Archaeological Survey of India. The Chudasama dynasty, originally of Abhira clan from Sind wielded great influence around Junagadh from the 875 A.D. onwards when they consolidated themselves at Vanthali (ancient Vamanasthali) close to Girnar under their-King Ra Chuda.
  7. Gazetteer Of Bombay Vol. I. History Of Gujarat ( Gazetteer Of Bombay Vol. I). Doctor Bhagvanlal held that the Chudasamas were originally of the Abhira tribe, as their traditions attest connection with the Abhiras and as the description of Graharipu one of their kings by Hemachandra in his DvydaSraya points to his being of some local tribe and not of any ancient Rajput lineage. Further in their bardic traditions as well as in popular stories the Chudasamas are still commonly called Ahera-ranas. The position of Aberia in Ptolemy (A.D. 150) seems to show that in the second century the Ahirs were settled between Sindh and the Panjab. Similarly it may be suggested that Jadeja is a corruption of Jaudheja which in turn comes from Yaudheya (the change of y to j being very common) who in Kshatrapa Inscriptions appear as close neighbours of the Ahirs. After the fall of the Valabhis (A.D. 775) the Yaudheyas seem to have established themselves in Kacch and the Ahirs settled and made conquests in Kathiavada.
  8. SurvaVanshi, Bhagwansingh (1962). Abhiras their history and culture. Hemachandra in his Dvyasrayakavya mentions Graharipu, as a mighty Abhira-Chudasama king of Saurashtra. The Chudasama kings are described as Abhiras by Merutungacharya.
  9. Soni, Lok Nath (2000). The Cattle and the Stick: An Ethnographic Profile of the Raut of Chhattisgarh (अंग्रेज़ी में). Anthropological Survey of India, Government of India, Ministry of Tourism and Culture, Department of Culture. आई॰ऍस॰बी॰ऍन॰ 978-81-85579-57-3. the Abhira were divided into thirty-six lineage groups. It has also been described in 'Nagvansa' written by Pradyumn Singh (quoted by Singh 1945), as thirty-six' Kuris. It shows that the Abhira are the Kshatriya and were called both Kshatriya and Rajput. the Yadubansi Kshatriyas were originally Ahirs". In the old literature thirty-six sections of the Kshatriya caste have been mentioned'. Chand Bardai, a Kshatriya, was one of the eminent persons in the Prithviraj Chauhan's cabinet and a well-known poet, who has written "Prithviraj Raso". At one place, he has mentioned the 'Abhira' as a section of the Kshatriya caste. The above writings show that the Abhira is a section of Kshatriya caste. This is also confirmed by Shakti Sangam Tantra which says "Those who are begotten by king Ahuk, are Abhira". Jati Vivekadhyayo also confirms this conception and mentions that "those who are born in the Ahuk lineage, are called Abhira".
  10. Sailendra Nath Sen (1 January 1999). Ancient Indian History and Civilization. New Age International. पृ॰ 344. आई॰ऍस॰बी॰ऍन॰ 978-81-224-1198-0. अभिगमन तिथि 3 January 2011. The Abhiras began to rule in Southern and western Sourashtra from the second half of the 10th century A.D their capital was vamanshtali, modern vanthali nine miles west of Junagadh. They became very powerful during the reign of Graharipu who defeated the Saindhavas and the Chaulukyas.
  11. Majumdar, Ramesh Chandra (1964). Ancient India (अंग्रेज़ी में). Motilal Banarsidass. The Abhiras grew very powerful during the reign of Graharipu in the middle of the 10th century A.D. He had his capital at Vāmanasthali, now represented by Abhiras the village Vanthali, 9 miles west of Junagadh.
  12. Majumdar, R. C. (2002). Praacheen Bhaarat. Motilal Banarsidass Publishe. आई॰ऍस॰बी॰ऍन॰ 978-81-208-2258-0.
  13. Chatursen, Acharya (2013). Somnath. Rajpal & Sons. आई॰ऍस॰बी॰ऍन॰ 978-81-7028-157-3.
  14. Prakāśa, Satya (1972). Bhārata kā itihāsa−h: Rājapūta kāla, 950 ī.-1200 ī. Mīnākshī Prakāśana.
  15. Siṃha, Gaṇapati (1986). Gurjara vīra-vīrāṅganāeṃ: Bhāratīya itihāsa kā śānadāra adhyāya. Cau. Vīrabhāna Baṛhānā.
  16. Varmā, Padmasiṃha (1998). Gujjara-svābhimāna: manoharā hūṇa. Dalita Senā Parivāra evaṃ Pichaṛa Dalita Samāja.
  17. Bombay (Presidency) (1901). Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency (अंग्रेज़ी में). Government Central Press.
  18. Junagadh.), Ranchodji Amarji (Divan of (1882). Târikh-i-Soraṭh: A History of the Provinces of Soraṭh and Hâlâr in Kâthiâwâd (अंग्रेज़ी में). Educ. Soc. Press, & Thacker.
  19. Rickmers, Christian Mabel (1972). The Chronology of Indian History, from the Earliest Times to the Beginning of the Sixteenth Century (अंग्रेज़ी में). Cosmo Publications.
  20. Burgess, James (1971). Report on the Antiquities of Kâṭhiâwâḍ and Kachh, Being the Result of the Second Season's Operations of the Archaeological Survey of Western India, 1874-75 (अंग्रेज़ी में). Indological Book House.
  21. Division, Publications. India - Early History (अंग्रेज़ी में). Publications Division Ministry of Information & Broadcasting. आई॰ऍस॰बी॰ऍन॰ 978-81-230-2340-3.
  22. Enthoven, Reginald Edward (1990). The Tribes and Castes of Bombay (अंग्रेज़ी में). Asian Educational Services. आई॰ऍस॰बी॰ऍन॰ 978-81-206-0630-2. Thus a Chudásama prince styled Graharipu and ruling at Vanthali near Junagadh is described in the Dyáshraya-Kávya of Hemachandra as an Abhira and a Yádava. In their bardic traditions as well as in popular stories, the Chudásamas are still called Aheraránás.
  23. Tambs-Lyche, Harald (1996-12-31). Power, Profit, and Poetry: Traditional Society in Kathiawar, Western India (अंग्रेज़ी में). Manohar Publishers & Distributors. आई॰ऍस॰बी॰ऍन॰ 978-81-7304-176-1. Hemachandra, in the Dyashraya-Kavya, describe the prince Grahasipu, ruling at Vanthali near Junagadh, as an Abhira and a Yadava (Krishna's legendary tribe) (Enthoven 1920, 25).