"डेनिश भारत" के अवतरणों में अंतर

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छो (history of south asia template added)
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'''First Expedition (1618 - 1620)'''
[[File:Fort Dansborg.JPG|thumb|left|160px|Fort Dansborg at [[Tranquebar]] was established in 1620.]]
The first expedition set sail in 1618 under Admiral [[Ove Gjedde]], taking two years to reach Ceylon and losing more than half their crew on the way. Upon arriving in May 1620, they found the emperor no longer desiring any foreign assistance having made a peace agreement with the Portuguese three years earlier. Nor, to the dismay of the Admiral, was the Emperor the sole, or even the "most distinguished king in this land".<ref>Esther Fihl (2009). "Shipwrecked on the Coromandel:The first Indo–Danish contact, 1620". ''Review of Development and Change '''''14''' (1&2): 19-40</ref> Failing to get the Danish-Ceylonese trade contract confirmed, the Danes briefly occupied the Koneswaram temple before receiving word from their Trade Director, Robert Crappe.
'''Early Years (1621 - 1639)'''
[[File:Fort Dansborg.JPG|thumb|left|160px|Fort Dansborg at [[Tranquebar]] was established in 1620.]]
The early years of the colony where arduous, with poor administration and investment, coupled with the loss of almost two thirds of all the trading vessels dispatched from Denmark.<ref>Of the 18 ships that departed from Denmark between 1622 and 1637, only 7 returned. Kay Larsen: Trankebar, op.cit., p.30-31.</ref> The ships that did return made a profit on their cargo, but total returns fell well short of the costs of the entire venture.<ref>{{cite book|last=Brdsgaard|first=Kjeld Erik|title=China and Denmark: Relations Since 1674|year=2001|publisher=NIAS Press|isbn=9788787062718|pages=9–11}}</ref> Moreover the geographical location of the colony was vulnerable to high tidal waves which repeatedly destroyed what people built - roads, houses, administrative buildings, markets etc.<ref>{{cite book|last=Jeyaraj|first=Daniel|title=Bartholomus Ziegenbalg, the Father of Modern Protestant Mission: An Indian Assessment|year=2006|publisher=ISPCK|isbn=9788172149208|pages=10–27|url=http://books.google.co.in/books?id=CZYAOyJ-6SMC&lpg=PA13&dq=danish%20traders%20Tanjore%20Tranquebar%20india%20colony&pg=PA10#v=onepage&q&f=false|chapter=Trancquebar Colony: Indo-Danish Settlement}}</ref> Although the intention had been to create an alternative to the English and Dutch traders, the dire financial state of the company and the redirection of national resources towards the [[Thirty Years War]] led the colony to abandon efforts to trade directly for themselves, and instead to become neutral third party carriers for goods in the Bay of Bengal.