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3,087 बैट्स् नीकाले गए ,  3 वर्ष पहले
 
==शुरुबाती जीवन==
ट्रुडेउ का जन्म [[ओटावा नागरिक अस्पताल]], [[ओटावा]], ओंटारियो में 9:27 पीएम [[इस्टर्न टाइम जोन|ईएसटी]] को 6lb और 9oz वजन के साथ प्रधानमंत्री व पिता [[पियरे ट्रुडेउ]] और माँ [[मार्गरेट ट्रुडेउ]] (''[[née]]'' सिनक्लेयर) के यहाँ हुआ था।<ref>{{cite news|last=Downie|first=Jim|title=Justin just like dad|url=http://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=2194&dat=19711224&id=MZA0AAAAIBAJ&sjid=Xu0FAAAAIBAJ&pg=3055,3625264&hl=en|newspaper=[[Ottawaओटावा Citizenसिटीज़ेन]]|publisher=[[The Canadianकनाडियन Pressप्रेस]]|date=Decemberदिसम्बर 28, 1971|access-date=अक्टूबर 21, 2015}}</ref> Heकिसी isनिवर्तमान theप्रधानमंत्री secondके childकार्यकाल inके Canadianसमय historyपैदा toहोने beवाले bornयह toदूसरे aबालक primeथे। minister in office; theपहली firstऐसी wasसंतान [[Johnजॉन A. Macdonaldमैक्डोनाल्ड]]'s youngestको daughterमार्गरेट Margaretमैरी Maryमैक्डोनाल्ड Macdonald.के Trudeau'sरूप youngerमें हुई थी। ट्रुडेउ brothersके छोटे भाई [[एलेक्ज़ेंडर ट्रुडेउ|Alexandre]] (Sacha)जन्म (born Decemberदिसम्बर 25, 1973) andऔर [[माइकल ट्रुडेउ|Michel]] (अक्टूबर 2, 1975&nbsp;– Novemberनवम्बर 13, 1998) wereकिसी theप्रधानमंत्री thirdके andयहाँ fourth.पैदा होने वालों में तीसरे और चौथे क्रम पर आते हैं।<ref>{{cite news|title=Welcomeस्वागत, जस्टिन ट्रुडेउ|url=http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=BXdSAAAAIBAJ&sjid=zWADAAAAIBAJ&pg=4654,4743756&dq=justin+trudeau+john+a+macdonald+born&hl=en|accessdate=March 2, 2013|newspaper=Stसेंट. Petersburgपीटर्सबर्ग Timesटाइम्स|date=Decemberदिसम्बर 31, 1971}}</ref><ref name="English2007">{{cite book|author=Johnजॉन Englishइंग्लिश|title=Citizen of the World: The Life of Pierre Elliott Trudeau Volume One: 1919–1968|url=http://books.google.com/books?id=jNuHfl3U4fUC&pg=PA205|accessdate=May 27, 2011|date=August 28, 2007|publisher=Knopfक्नॉफ़ Canadaकनाडा|isbn=978-0-676-97522-2|pages=205–}}</ref> Trudeau'sट्रुडेउ दादाsके wereदादा व्यवसायी [[चार्ल्स ट्रुडेउ (व्यवसायी)|चार्ल्स ट्रुडेउ]] andऔर Scottish-bornस्कॉटिश [[जेम्स सिनक्लेयर (politicianराजनेता)|जेम्स सिनक्लेयर]], whoथे servedजो asपूर्व प्रधानमंत्री [[Ministerलुईस ofसेंट Fisheriesलॉरेंट]] andके Oceansमंत्रिमंडल (Canada)|Ministerमें ofभूतपूर्व Fisheries]][[मछली in theसमुद्र cabinetमंत्रालय of(कनाडा)|मत्स्य Primeमंत्री]] Ministerरह [[Louisचुके St. Laurent]].थे।<ref>{{cite web|title=SINCLAIR, The Hon. James, P.C.|url=http://www.parl.gc.ca/parlinfo/Files/Parliamentarian.aspx?Item=d59901cd-17d4-4346-9114-11a9957eaea7&Language=E&Section=ALL|publisher=Parliamentकनाडा ofकी Canadaसंसद|accessdate=March 2, 2013}}</ref> Heवह isमुख्यत: mostly of Frenchफ्रेंच-Canadianकनाडियाई, Scottish,स्कॉटिश and Englishअंग्रेज descent.मूल Someसे ofसंबंधित hisहैं। maternalउनकी grandmother'sनानी Britishके ancestorsकुछ livedपूर्वज in Singaporeसिंगापूर, Indonesia,इंडोनेशिया और andमलेशिया Malaysiaमें duringभी रह चुके हैं। उनमें से एक स्कॉटिश [[Colonialism|colonialविलियम फार्क़्युहर]] times,भी includingहैं Scotsmanजो [[Williamउपनिवेशवाद Farquharका इतिहास|औपनिवेशिक काल]], aमें noted[[सिंगापुर]] colonialके leaderएक ofप्रमुख Singapore;नेता Farquhar'sथे। firstविलियम wife,की Antoinetteपहली “Nonio”पत्नी Clement,नोनियो wasक्लीमेंट theएक daughterफ्रेंच ofपिता aऔर Frenchमलेशियाई fatherमाँ andकी anसंतान ethnicथीं। [[Malaysians|Malaysian]]इन motherसब whichतथ्यों wouldके makeआधार Trudeauपर theजस्टिन firstट्रुडेउ Canadianकनाडा Primeके Ministerपहले toऐसे haveप्रधानमंत्री verifiedभी documentedमाने nonजायेंगे जिनकी गैर-Europeanयूरोपीय ancestry.वंशावली रह चुकी है।<ref name=whodod>{{cite news|url=http://www.cbc.ca/whodoyouthinkyouare/2012/09/margaret-trudeau.html |work=CBCसीबीसी Newsन्यूज़ |deadurl=yes |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/20130109022600/http://www.cbc.ca:80/whodoyouthinkyouare/2012/09/margaret-trudeau.html|title=मार्गरेट ट्रुडेउ|date=2008|archivedate=Januaryजनवरी 9, 2013}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://ethnicelebs.com/justin-trudeau|title=जस्टिन ट्रुडेउ — Ethnicity of Celebs|publisher=Ethnicelebs.com |date=अक्टूबर 13, 2014|accessdate=अक्टूबर 21, 2015|}}</ref>
 
Trudeau'sट्रुडेउ parentsके separated inमाता-पिता 1977, whenमें Trudeauअलग wasहो sixगये yearsऔर old,उन्के andपिता his1984 fatherमें retiredप्रधानमंत्री asपद primeसे ministerसेवा inनिवृत 1984.हो गये थे।<ref name="WoodgerBurg2006">{{cite book|author1=Elin Woodger|author2=David F. Burg|title=The 1980s|url=http://books.google.com/books?id=uV9S7TCG2VYC&pg=PA414|accessdate=May 27, 2011|date=March 2006|publisher=Infobase Publishing|isbn=978-0-8160-5809-9|page=414}}</ref> Ofट्रुडेउ hisके motherतीन andसौतेले father's marriage, Trudeau said in 2009, "They loved each other incredibly, passionately, completely. But there was 30 years between them and my mom never was an equal partner in what encompassed my father's life, his duty, his country."<ref>{{cite news|last=Campionभाई-Smith|first=Bruce|title=Justinबहन on growing up Trudeau|url=http://www.thestar.com/news/canada/2009/07/20/justin_on_growing_up_trudeau.html|accessdate=March 2काइल, 2013|newspaper=Theएलीसिया Toronto Star|date=July 20, 2009}}</ref> Trudeau has three half-siblings, Kyle and Alicia, from his mother's re-marriage, andऔर [[साराह कोयेन|Sarahसाराह]], from his father's later relationship.हैं।
 
राजनीति से सन्यास लेने के बाद पियरे ट्रुडेउ ने अपने बच्चों को मॉट्रियल में पाला। ट्रुडेउ ने [[कॉलेज जीन-डी-ब्रेब्युफ़]] में शिक्षा ली जहाँ उनके पिता भी पढ चुके थे।<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.huffingtonpost.ca/2014/10/18/justin-trudeau-memoir_n_6008032.html |title=justin trudeau Memoir Paints Frank Picture Of Privileged But Painful Childhood |publisher=''द हफिंग्टन पोस्ट'' |date=अक्टूबर 18, 2014 |first=जोन|last=ब्राइडेन|accessdate=अक्टूबर 19, 2014 }}</ref>
After leaving politics, पियरे ट्रुडेउ raised his children in relative privacy in Montreal. Trudeau attended [[Collège Jean-de-Brébeuf]], his father's alma mater.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.huffingtonpost.ca/2014/10/18/justin-trudeau-memoir_n_6008032.html |title=जस्टिन ट्रुडेउ Memoir Paints Frank Picture Of Privileged But Painful Childhood |publisher=''The Huffington Post'' |date=अक्टूबर 18, 2014 |first=Joan |last=Bryden |accessdate=अक्टूबर 19, 2014 }}</ref> In 2008, Trudeau said that of all his early family outings he enjoyed camping with his father the most, because "that was where our father got to be just our father&nbsp;– a dad in the woods."<ref name="The Son Also Rises">{{cite web|last=Solway|first=Diane|url=http://www.wmagazine.com/society/2008/09/justin_trudeau?currentPage=1: |title=The Son Also Rises|publisher=Wmagazine.com|accessdate=अप्रैल 23, 2011}}</ref> Trudeau, then 28, emerged as a prominent figure in अक्टूबर 2000, after delivering a eulogy at [[state funeral of पियरे ट्रुडेउ|his father's state funeral]].<ref>[http://www.cbc.ca/archives/categories/society/family/dear-old-dad/justin-trudeaus-eulogy.html/ : जस्टिन ट्रुडेउ's eulogy], [[Canadian Broadcasting Corporation]]; "Text of the eulogy given by जस्टिन ट्रुडेउ at his father's funeral Tuesday", ''Canadian Press'', अक्टूबर 3, 2000, 14:52; Francine Dube, "Son's eulogy moves thousands to tears: 'It's all up to us': Dignitaries, citizens pay last respects to former PM", ''National Post'', अक्टूबर 4, 2000, A01; Andre Picard and Mark Mickleburgh, "'Je t'aime, papa' THE SON: The very private Justin becomes a very public figure", ''Globe and Mail'', अक्टूबर 4, 2000, A1; [[Graham Fraser]], "Trudeau children lead our farewell – Justin's eulogy a towering tribute at father's funeral", ''Toronto Star'', अक्टूबर 4, 2000, p. 1.</ref> The [[Canadian Broadcasting Corporation]] (CBC) received numerous calls to rebroadcast the speech after its initial transmission, and leading Quebec politician [[Claude Ryan]] described it as "perhaps [...] the first manifestation of a dynasty."<ref>Tonda MacCharles, "Spotlight on Justin sparks talk of dynasty – Trudeau's final resting place", ''Toronto Star'', अक्टूबर 5, 2000, p. 1.</ref> A book issued by the CBC in 2003 included the speech in its list of significant Canadian events from the past fifty years.<ref>Willa McLean, "This just in . . .; CBC broadcaster revisits momentous events of past 50 years", ''Kitchener-Waterloo Record'', February 8, 2003, G3.</ref>
 
Trudeauट्रुडेउ hasके aपास [[Bachelor ofमैक्गिल Artsविश्वविद्यालय]] degreeसे inसाहित्य literature fromमें [[McGillबैचलर Universityऑफ आर्ट्स]] andकी aउपाधि और [[Bachelorब्रिटिश ofकोलंबिया Educationका विश्वविद्यालय|ब्रिकोवि]] degree from theसे [[Universityबैचलर ofऑफ British Columbiaएजुकेशन]]. Afterकी graduation,डिग्री heहै। worked[[स्नातक]] asके aबाद Frenchउन्होंने andवेस्ट mathप्वॉईंट teacherग्रे atअकादमी और [[Westवैनकुअर]] Pointके Greyसर Academy]]विंस्टन andचर्चिल [[Sirसेकन्ड्री Winstonस्कूल Churchillमें Secondaryएक Schoolफ्रेंच (Vancouver)|Sirऔर Winstonगणित Churchillके Secondaryशिक्षक School]]के inतौर [[Vancouver]],पर [[Britishकार्य Columbia]].किया।<ref name=HuffPostBio>{{cite news|last1=Rajराज|first1=Althiaएल्थिया|title=Contender: The जस्टिनjustin ट्रुडेउtrudeau Story|url=http://www.huffingtonpost.ca/2013/03/05/contender-justin-trudeau-story-ebook-part-1_n_2782493.html|accessdate=अक्टूबर 23, 2014|date=March 5, 2013}}</ref><ref>"जस्टिनjustin ट्रुडेउtrudeau described by friends as down-to-earth and sensitive", ''Canadianकनाडियन Pressप्रेस'', अक्टूबर 4, 2000, 03:25; Tonda MacCharles, "Son 'most like Pierre' relishes his privacy; While Liberals talk about dynasty, Justin looks forward to returning to teaching job", ''Kitchener-Waterloo Record'', अक्टूबर 5, 2000, A06; जस्टिनjustin ट्रुडेउtrudeau, "Something I'm passionate about", ''Globe and Mail'', February 3, 2001, A11; Gloria Galloway, "जस्टिनjustin ट्रुडेउtrudeau delivers motivational speech to Ontario teachers", ''Canadianकनाडियन Pressप्रेस'', अप्रैल 27, 2001, 14:50; "Students should learn to be brave, Trudeau says", ''Globe and Mail'', अप्रैल 28, 2001, A9.</ref> From 2002 toसे 2004, heतक studied engineering at theउन्होंने [[Écoleमॉट्रियल Polytechnique de Montréalविश्वविद्यालय]], a part of theसे [[Universitéअभियांत्रिकी]] deकी Montréal]].पढाई की।<ref>"जस्टिनjustin ट्रुडेउtrudeau tells education conference he plans return to teaching", ''Canadianकनाडियन Pressप्रेस'', February 28, 2004, 21:16.</ref> He also started a [[Master of Arts]] degree in Environmental Geography at [[McGill University]] before suspending his program to seek public office.<ref>[http://www.cbc.ca/news/politics/canadavotes2011/myelection/ridings/082/ Canada Votes 2011: Ridings: पैपिनेउ], Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, accessed July 4, 2011.</ref>
 
===वकालत===
In 2007, Trudeau starred in the two-part [[CBC Television|CBC]] miniseries ''The Great War'', which gave an account of Canada's participation in the First World War. He portrayed [[Talbot Mercer पैपिनेउ]], who was killed on अक्टूबर 30, 1917, during the [[Battle of Passchendaele]].<ref>{{cite news|title=जस्टिन ट्रुडेउ pleased to play war hero|url=http://www.canada.com/topics/news/national/story.html?id=ebc9fd2f-3f9b-4c33-8c5c-43f804b9bb76|accessdate=अप्रैल 17, 2013|newspaper=Canwest News Service|date=अप्रैल 6, 2007}}</ref>
ट्रुडेउ ने अपने प्रभुत्व का इस्तेमाल कई सामाजिक न्याय के कार्यों को पूरा करवाने के लिये किया। दो साल पहले अपने भाई [[माइकल ट्रुडेउ]] की एक [[हिमस्खलन]] में मृत्यु के बाद उन्होंने अपने परिवार के साथ मिलकर सन २००० में शीतकालीन खेलों में सुरक्षा के लिये ''कोकीन ग्लेसियर अल्पाइन आंदोलन'' चलाया। <ref>{{cite news|last=स्टेत्स्की|first=वैन|title=The Kokanee Glacier Alpine Campaign|url=http://www.env.gov.bc.ca/bcparks/publications/visions/visions_apr01.pdf|accessdate=अप्रैल 18, 2013|newspaper=विजन्स बीसी पार्क्स न्यूज़लेटर|date=अप्रैल 2001}}</ref> 2002 में ट्रुडेउ ने ब्रिटिश कोलम्बिया की सरकार के हिमस्खलन चेतावनी प्रणाली के लिये फ़ंड जारी करने से इंकार करने पर भारी विरोध किया था।<ref>{{cite news|author=कैरोल हैरिंग्टन|title="Trudeau takes on B.C. – Son of late PM decries cuts to public avalanche bulletins"work=''टोरंटो स्टार''|date=जनवरी 12, 2002|page=A24.}}</ref>[[File:Darfur-Rally 008.jpg|thumb|upright|right|(बांए से दांए) ट्रुडेउ, [[डार्फर|डार्फरियन शरणार्थी]] त्रैगी मुस्तफ़ा, एक अन्य महिला, और लेफ़्टिनेन्ट जनरल रोमिओ डलायरे (2006)]]
 
2005 में, वो एक प्रस्तावित $100-मिलियन [[जस्ता]] खदान के विरोध में लडे जिसके बारे में उनका मानना था की ये खदान [[नाहानी नदी]] को प्रदूषित कर देगी जो कि एक संयुक्त राष्ट्र से मान्यता प्राप्त एक [[विश्व विरासत स्थल]] है। उन्होंने कहा: "{{quote|यह नदी एक बेहद ही शानदार और जादुई जगह है। मैं नहीं कहता की जस्ता की खुदाई गलत है [...] लेकिन उसके लिए यह जगह ठीक नहीं है। यंहा यह करने के लिये बिल्कुल ही गलत काम है।}}"<ref>{{cite news|last=ब्युकर्ट|first=डेनिस|title=Justin Trudeau denounces mine near park his father created: Vancouver company wants to build massive mine with access through Nahanni watershed|newspaper=वैन्कुअर सन|date=May 16, 2005|page=D10}}</ref><ref>{{cite news|last=ट्रुडेउ|first=जस्टिन|title=We hold the Nahanni in trust for the world. Let's protect it|url=http://m.theglobeandmail.com/commentary/we-hold-the-nahanni-in-trust-for-the-world-lets-protect-it/article4180594/?service=mobile|accessdate=अप्रैल 19, 2013|newspaper=ग्लोब एंड मेल}}</ref>
Trudeau is one of several children of former prime ministers who have become Canadian media personalities. The others are [[Ben Mulroney]] (son of [[Brian Mulroney]]), [[Catherine Clark]] (daughter of [[Joe Clark]]), and Trudeau's younger brother, Alexandre.<ref>{{cite news|last=Hopper|first=Tristin|title=‘There’s so much attention on me’: Fathers’ legacies loom large for children of Canadian prime ministers|url=http://news.nationalpost.com/2012/10/05/theres-so-much-attention-on-me-fathers-legacies-loom-large-for-children-of-canadian-prime-ministers/|accessdate=March 2, 2013|newspaper=National Post|date=अक्टूबर 5, 2012}}</ref> Ben Mulroney was a guest at Trudeau's wedding.<ref>{{cite news|last=Newman|first=Peter C.|title=Trudeau’s big leap—like father, like son|url=http://www2.macleans.ca/2012/09/18/trudeaus-big-leap/|accessdate=March 2, 2013|newspaper=MacLeans Magazine|date=September 18, 2012}}</ref>
 
===Advocacy===
Trudeau has used his public status to promote various causes. He and his family started the Kokanee Glacier Alpine Campaign for winter sports safety in 2000, two years after his brother [[माइकल ट्रुडेउ]] died in an avalanche during a ski trip.<ref>{{cite news|last=Stetski|first=Wayne|title=The Kokanee Glacier Alpine Campaign|url=http://www.env.gov.bc.ca/bcparks/publications/visions/visions_apr01.pdf|accessdate=अप्रैल 18, 2013|newspaper=Visions BC Parks Newsletter|date=अप्रैल 2001}}</ref> In 2002, Trudeau criticized the British Columbia government's decision to stop its funding for a public avalanche warning system.<ref>Carol Harrington, "Trudeau takes on B.C. – Son of late PM decries cuts to public avalanche bulletins", ''Toronto Star'', January 12, 2002, A24.</ref>[[File:Darfur-Rally 008.jpg|thumb|upright|right|(left to right) Trudeau, [[Darfur|Darfurian refugee]] Tragi Mustafa, an unidentified woman, and Lieutenant-General [[Roméo Dallaire]] (2006)]]
 
Trudeau chaired the [[Katimavik]] youth program, a project started by longtime family friend [[Jacques Hébert (Canadian politician)|Jacques Hébert]], from 2002 to 2006.<ref>Kate Jaimet, "Trudeau retains '60s ideals: Lauds Katimavik's promotion of social causes", ''Calgary Herald'', November 3, 2002, A6; Jen Gerson, "Captain Katimavik; जस्टिन ट्रुडेउ comes to town to promote youth volunteer program, look cool", ''Toronto Star'', March 21, 2006, C04.</ref> In 2002–03, he was a panellist on [[CBC Radio]]'s ''[[Canada Reads]]'' series, where he championed ''[[The Colony of Unrequited Dreams]]'' by [[Wayne Johnston (author)|Wayne Johnston]].<ref>"CBC Radio picks five books for second round of Canada Reads series", ''Canadian Press'', November 19, 2002, 16:53; "Bookmark your calendar: Canada Book Week turns the page on Canada Book Day", ''Calgary Herald'', अप्रैल 22, 2003, B13.</ref> Trudeau and his brother Alexandre inaugurated the [[Trudeau Centre for Peace and Conflict Studies]] at the [[University of Toronto]] in अप्रैल 2004; the centre later became a part of the [[Munk School of Global Affairs]].<ref>{{cite news|title=Peace and Conflict Studies Centre Named for Trudeau|url=http://www.magazine.utoronto.ca/life-on-campus/peace-and-conflict-studies-centre-named-for-trudeau/|accessdate=अप्रैल 19, 2013|newspaper=University of Toronto Magazine|year=2004}}</ref> In 2006, he hosted the [[Giller Prize]] for literature.<ref>{{cite news|title=जस्टिन ट्रुडेउ to host glitzy Giller prize gala|newspaper=Kitchener-Waterloo Record|date=अक्टूबर 27, 2006|page=D12}}</ref><ref>{{cite news|last=Beltrame|first=Julian|title=जस्टिन ट्रुडेउ says lofty expectations have always followed him|url=http://www.ctvnews.ca/politics/justin-trudeau-says-lofty-expectations-have-always-followed-him-1.1237627|accessdate=अप्रैल 19, 2013|publisher=[[CTV News]]|date=अप्रैल 24, 2013}}</ref>
 
In 2005, Trudeau fought against a proposed $100-million [[zinc]] mine that he argued would poison the [[Nahanni River]], a [[United Nations World Heritage Site]] located in the [[Northwest Territories]]. He was quoted as saying, "The river is an absolutely magnificent, magical place. I'm not saying mining is wrong [...] but that is not the place for it. It's just the wrong thing to be doing."<ref>{{cite news|last=Bueckert|first=Dennis|title=जस्टिन ट्रुडेउ denounces mine near park his father created: Vancouver company wants to build massive mine with access through Nahanni watershed|newspaper=Vancouver Sun|date=May 16, 2005|page=D10}}</ref><ref>{{cite news|last=Trudeau|first=Justin|title=We hold the Nahanni in trust for the world. Let's protect it|url=http://m.theglobeandmail.com/commentary/we-hold-the-nahanni-in-trust-for-the-world-lets-protect-it/article4180594/?service=mobile|accessdate=अप्रैल 19, 2013|newspaper=Globe and Mail}}</ref>
 
On September 17, 2006, Trudeau was the master of ceremonies at a Toronto rally organized by [[Roméo Dallaire]] that called for Canadian participation in resolving the [[Darfur crisis]].<ref>{{cite news|title=Dallaire wants to mobilize young Canadians to support Darfur intervention|newspaper=Canadian PRess|date=September 13, 2006}}</ref><ref>{{cite news|title=Trudeau, Dallaire to lead Darfur rally|newspaper=Toronto Star|date=September 17, 2006|page=A06}}</ref><ref>{{cite news|last=Javed|first=Noor|title=Dallaire says Canada should take leadership role in Darfur|url=http://cnews.canoe.ca/CNEWS/Canada/2006/09/18/1857216.html|accessdate=अप्रैल 19, 2013|newspaper=CNews}}</ref>
 
==Political beginnings==
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