मुख्य मेनू खोलें

बदलाव

23,623 बैट्स् नीकाले गए ,  3 वर्ष पहले
अनुवाद किया।
|monarch = [[एलिज़ाबेथ द्वितीय]]
|governor-general = [[डेविड जॉनस्टन]]
|term_start = अघोषित <!--November 4नवम्बर4, 2015 (tentative)<ref name="Nov4"/>-->
|term_end =
|succeeding = [[स्टीफन हार्पर]]
| children = ज़ैवियर<br>एल्ला-ग्रेस मार्गरेट<br>हैड्रिएन
| relations = [[एलेक्ज़ेंडर ट्रुडेउ]] {{small|(भाई)}}<br>[[माइकल ट्रुडेउ]] {{small|(भाई)}}<br>[[साराह कोयेन]] {{small|(सौतेली बहन)}}<br>काइल केम्पर {{small|(सौतेले भाई)}}<br>एलिसिया केम्पर {{small|(सौतेली बहन)}}<br>[[जेम्स सिनक्लेयर (राजनेता)|जेम्स सिनक्लेयर]] {{small|(दादा)}}<br>[[चार्ल्स ट्रुडेउ (व्यवसायी)|चार्ल्स ट्रुडेउ]] {{small|(दादा)}}
| residence = [[मांट्रियलमॉन्ट्रियल]]
| alma_mater = [[मैक्गिल विश्वविद्यालय]] <br /> [[ब्रिटिश कोलंबिया का विश्वविद्यालय]]
| profession = [[शिक्षक]]
'''जस्टिन ट्रुडेउ''' ({{lang-en|'''Justin Pierre James Trudeau'''}}) (जन्म, दिसम्बर 25, 1971) [[कनाडा]] के एक [[राजनेता]] व [[कनाडा की लिबरल पार्टी|लिबरल पार्टी]] के नेता और [[कनाडा के प्रधानमंत्री|कनाडा के होनेवाले प्रधानमंत्री]] हैं।
 
जस्टिन कनाडा के पंद्रहवें प्रधानमंत्री [[पियरे ट्रुडेउ]] और [[मार्गरेट ट्रुडेउ]] के ज्येष्ठ पुत्र हैं। वह पहली बार [[पैपिनेउ|पैपिनेउ]] के चुनावी क्षेत्र से 2008 में और फिर 2011 और 2015 में दुबारा चुने गये। उन्होंने लिबरल पार्टी से [[छाया मंत्रिमंडल|आलोचक]] के तौर पर युवा व बहुसंस्कृतिवाद, नागरिकता और प्रवासी मामले, स्नातक शिक्षा और युवा व पेशेवर खेल मंत्रालयों के कार्यो की समीक्षा की। अप्रैल 14, 2013 को जस्टिन [[कनाडा की लिबरल पार्टी का नेतृत्व चुनाव, २०१३|कनाडा की लिबरल पार्टी के नेता]] चुने गये। जस्टिन ट्रुडेउ [[कनाडा के संघीय चुनाव, २०१५|अक्टूबर 19, 2015, के संघीय चुनावों]] में अपने दल को [[बहुमत की सरकार|बहुमत]] की जीत दिलाने के बाद प्रधानमंत्री नामित हुए हैं।<ref>{{cite news|title=Liberals projected to win majority|url=http://www.thestar.com/news/federal-election/2015/10/19/canadian-federal-election-2015-results.html|accessdate=अक्टूबर 19, 2015|work=Torontoटोरंटो Starस्टार|date=अक्टूबर 19, 2015}}</ref><ref>{{cite news|title=जस्टिन ट्रुडेउ to be prime minister as Liberals surge to majority|url=http://www.cbc.ca/news/politics/canada-election-2015-voting-results-polls-1.3278537|accessdate=अक्टूबर 19, 2015|work=CBC News|date=अक्टूबर 19, 2015}}</ref> उनके 4 नवंबर, 2015 को कार्यभार संभालने की संभावना है। उसी समय उन्हें जीवन भर के लिये सम्मानजनक नाम शैली ''[[द राइट ऑनरेबल]]'' से भी नवाजा जायेगा।<ref name="Nov4">{{cite web|url=http://www.hamiltonnews.com/news-story/5968550--we-re-back-trudeau-tells-allies-abroad/|title='We're back,' Trudeau tells allies abroad|accessdate=अक्टूबर 20, 2015|work=Hamilton Community News|date=अक्टूबर 20, 2015}}</ref> शपथ लेने पर वह कनाडा के प्रधानमंत्री बनने वाले दूसरे सबसे युवा व्यक्ति हो जायेंगे। सबसे युवा ([[जो क्लॉर्क]]) हैं। साथ ही वो पहले ऐसे व्यक्ति बन जायेंगे जिनके पिता भी कनाडा के प्रधानमंत्री रह चुके हैं। <ref>{{cite news|title=जस्टिन ट्रुडेउ मंत्रिमंदल की घोषणा 4 नवम्बर को कर सकते हैं।|url=http://www.thestar.com/news/canada/2015/10/20/your-post-election-coverage-at-a-glance.html|accessdate=Oct 20, 2015|publisher=Torontoटोरंटो Starस्टार|date=Oct 20, 2015}}</ref>
 
==बचपन, परिवार व शिक्षा==
==शुरुबाती जीवन==
ट्रुडेउ का जन्म [[ओटावा नागरिक अस्पताल]], [[ओटावा]], ओंटारियो में 9:27 पीएम [[इस्टर्न टाइम जोन|ईएसटी]] को 6lb और 9oz वजन के साथ प्रधानमंत्री व पिता [[पियरे ट्रुडेउ]] और माँ [[मार्गरेट ट्रुडेउ]] (''[[née]]'' सिनक्लेयर) के यहाँ हुआ था।<ref>{{cite news|last=Downie|first=Jim|title=Justin just like dad|url=http://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=2194&dat=19711224&id=MZA0AAAAIBAJ&sjid=Xu0FAAAAIBAJ&pg=3055,3625264&hl=en|newspaper=[[ओटावा सिटीज़ेन]]|publisher=[[द कनाडियन प्रेस]]|date=दिसम्बर 28, 1971|access-date=अक्टूबर 21, 2015}}</ref> किसी निवर्तमान प्रधानमंत्री के कार्यकाल के समय पैदा होने वाले यह दूसरे बालक थे। पहली ऐसी संतान [[जॉन ए. मैक्डोनाल्ड]] को मार्गरेट मैरी मैक्डोनाल्ड के रूप में हुई थी। ट्रुडेउ के छोटे भाई [[एलेक्ज़ेंडर ट्रुडेउ]] (जन्म दिसम्बर 25, 1973) और [[माइकल ट्रुडेउ]] (अक्टूबर 2, 1975&nbsp;– नवम्बर 13, 1998) किसी प्रधानमंत्री के यहाँ पैदा होने वालों में तीसरे और चौथे क्रम पर आते हैं।<ref>{{cite news|title=स्वागत, जस्टिन ट्रुडेउ|url=http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=BXdSAAAAIBAJ&sjid=zWADAAAAIBAJ&pg=4654,4743756&dq=justin+trudeau+john+a+macdonald+born&hl=en|accessdate=Marchमार्च 2, 2013|newspaper=सेंट. पीटर्सबर्ग टाइम्स|date=दिसम्बर 31, 1971}}</ref><ref name="English2007">{{cite book|author=जॉन इंग्लिश|title=Citizen of the World: The Life of Pierre Elliott Trudeau Volume One: 1919–1968|url=http://books.google.com/books?id=jNuHfl3U4fUC&pg=PA205|accessdate=May 27, 2011|date=August 28, 2007|publisher=क्नॉफ़ कनाडा|isbn=978-0-676-97522-2|pages=205–}}</ref> ट्रुडेउ के दादा व्यवसायी [[चार्ल्स ट्रुडेउ (व्यवसायी)|चार्ल्स ट्रुडेउ]] और स्कॉटिश [[जेम्स सिनक्लेयर (राजनेता)|जेम्स सिनक्लेयर]] थे जो पूर्व प्रधानमंत्री [[लुईस सेंट लॉरेंट]] के मंत्रिमंडल में भूतपूर्व [[मछली व समुद्र मंत्रालय (कनाडा)|मत्स्य मंत्री]] रह चुके थे।<ref>{{cite web|title=SINCLAIR, The Hon. James, P.C.|url=http://www.parl.gc.ca/parlinfo/Files/Parliamentarian.aspx?Item=d59901cd-17d4-4346-9114-11a9957eaea7&Language=E&Section=ALL|publisher=कनाडा की संसद|accessdate=Marchमार्च 2, 2013}}</ref> वह मुख्यत: फ्रेंच-कनाडियाई, स्कॉटिश व अंग्रेज मूल से संबंधित हैं। उनकी नानी के कुछ पूर्वज सिंगापूर, इंडोनेशिया और मलेशिया में भी रह चुके हैं। उनमें से एक स्कॉटिश [[विलियम फार्क़्युहर]] भी हैं जो [[उपनिवेशवाद का इतिहास|औपनिवेशिक काल]] में [[सिंगापुर]] के एक प्रमुख नेता थे। विलियम की पहली पत्नी नोनियो क्लीमेंट एक फ्रेंच पिता और मलेशियाई माँ की संतान थीं। इन सब तथ्यों के आधार पर जस्टिन ट्रुडेउ कनाडा के पहले ऐसे प्रधानमंत्री भी माने जायेंगे जिनकी गैर-यूरोपीय वंशावली रह चुकी है।<ref name=whodod>{{cite news|url=http://www.cbc.ca/whodoyouthinkyouare/2012/09/margaret-trudeau.html |work=सीबीसी न्यूज़ |deadurl=yes |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/20130109022600/http://www.cbc.ca:80/whodoyouthinkyouare/2012/09/margaret-trudeau.html|title=मार्गरेट ट्रुडेउ|date=2008|archivedate=जनवरी 9, 2013}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://ethnicelebs.com/justin-trudeau|title=जस्टिन ट्रुडेउ — Ethnicity of Celebs|publisher=Ethnicelebs.com |date=अक्टूबर 13, 2014|accessdate=अक्टूबर 21, 2015|}}</ref>
 
ट्रुडेउ के माता-पिता 1977 में अलग हो गये और उन्के पिता 1984 में प्रधानमंत्री पद से सेवा निवृत हो गये थे।<ref name="WoodgerBurg2006">{{cite book|author1=Elinएलिन Woodgerवूडगर|author2=Davidडेविड Fएफ़. Burgबर्ग|title=The 1980s|url=http://books.google.com/books?id=uV9S7TCG2VYC&pg=PA414|accessdate=May मई 27, 2011|date=Marchमार्च 2006|publisher=Infobaseइंफोबेस Publishingप्रकाशन|isbn=978-0-8160-5809-9|page=414}}</ref> ट्रुडेउ के तीन सौतेले भाई-बहन काइल, एलीसिया और [[साराह कोयेन|साराह]] हैं।
 
राजनीति से सन्यास लेने के बाद पियरे ट्रुडेउ ने अपने बच्चों को मॉट्रियल में पाला। ट्रुडेउ ने [[कॉलेज जीन-डी-ब्रेब्युफ़]] में शिक्षा ली जहाँ उनके पिता भी पढ चुके थे।<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.huffingtonpost.ca/2014/10/18/justin-trudeau-memoir_n_6008032.html |title=justinJustin trudeauTrudeau Memoir Paints Frank Picture Of Privileged But Painful Childhood |publisher=''द हफिंग्टन पोस्ट'' |date=अक्टूबर 18, 2014 |first=जोन|last=ब्राइडेन|accessdate=अक्टूबर 19, 2014 }}</ref>
 
ट्रुडेउ के पास [[मैक्गिल विश्वविद्यालय]] से साहित्य में [[बैचलर ऑफ आर्ट्स]] की उपाधि और [[ब्रिटिश कोलंबिया का विश्वविद्यालय|ब्रिकोवि]] से [[बैचलर ऑफ एजुकेशन]] की डिग्री है। [[स्नातक]] के बाद उन्होंने वेस्ट प्वॉईंट ग्रे अकादमी और [[वैनकुअर]] के सर विंस्टन चर्चिल सेकन्ड्री स्कूल में एक फ्रेंच और गणित के शिक्षक के तौर पर कार्य किया।<ref name=HuffPostBio>{{cite news|last1=राज|first1=एल्थिया|title=Contender: The justin trudeau Story|url=http://www.huffingtonpost.ca/2013/03/05/contender-justin-trudeau-story-ebook-part-1_n_2782493.html|accessdate=अक्टूबर 23, 2014|date=Marchमार्च 5, 2013}}</ref><ref>{{cite news|title="justinJustin trudeauTrudeau described by friends as down-to-earth and sensitive", |publisher=''कनाडियन प्रेस'', |date=अक्टूबर 4, 2000, 03:25;|author=टोंडा Tonda MacCharlesमैक्चार्ल्स}}, {{cite news|title= "Son 'most like Pierre' relishes his privacy; While Liberals talk about dynasty, Justin looks forward to returning to teaching job", |work=''Kitchenerकिचनर-Waterlooवाटरलू Recordरेकॉर्ड'', |date=अक्टूबर 5, 2000, |page=A06}}; justin{{cite trudeau,news|author=जस्टिन ट्रुडेउ| title="Something I'm passionate about", |work=''Globeग्लोब andएंड Mailमेल'', February|date=फरवरी 3, 2001, |page=A11}}; Gloria{{cite Galloway,news|author= ग्लोरिया गैलोवे|title= "justinJustin trudeauTrudeau delivers motivational speech to Ontario teachers",|work= ''कनाडियन प्रेस'', |date=अप्रैल 27, 2001, 14:50}}; {{cite news|title="Students should learn to be brave, Trudeau says", |work=''Globeग्लोब andएंड Mailमेल'', |date=अप्रैल 28, 2001, |page=A9.}}</ref> 2002 से 2004 तक उन्होंने [[मॉट्रियलमॉन्ट्रियल विश्वविद्यालय]] से [[अभियांत्रिकी]] की पढाई की।<ref>{{cite news|title="justinJustin trudeauTrudeau tells education conference he plans return to teaching", |work=''कनाडियन प्रेस'', February|date=फरवरी 28, 2004, 21:16.}}</ref>
 
===वकालत===
ट्रुडेउ ने अपने प्रभुत्व का इस्तेमाल कई सामाजिक न्याय के कार्यों को पूरा करवाने के लिये किया। दो साल पहले अपने भाई [[माइकल ट्रुडेउ]] की एक [[हिमस्खलन]] में मृत्यु के बाद उन्होंने अपने परिवार के साथ मिलकर सन २००० में शीतकालीन खेलों में सुरक्षा के लिये ''कोकीन ग्लेसियर अल्पाइन आंदोलन'' चलाया। <ref>{{cite news|last=स्टेत्स्की|first=वैन|title=The Kokanee Glacier Alpine Campaign|url=http://www.env.gov.bc.ca/bcparks/publications/visions/visions_apr01.pdf|accessdate=अप्रैल 18, 2013|newspaper=विजन्स बीसी पार्क्स न्यूज़लेटर|date=अप्रैल 2001}}</ref> 2002 में ट्रुडेउ ने ब्रिटिश कोलम्बिया की सरकार के हिमस्खलन चेतावनी प्रणाली के लिये फ़ंड जारी करने से इंकार करने पर भारी विरोध किया था।<ref>{{cite news|author=कैरोल हैरिंग्टन|title="Trudeau takes on B.C. – Son of late PM decries cuts to public avalanche bulletins"work=''टोरंटो स्टार''|date=जनवरी 12, 2002|page=A24.}}</ref>[[File:Darfur-Rally 008.jpg|thumb|upright|right|(बांए से दांए) ट्रुडेउ, [[डार्फर|डार्फरियन शरणार्थी]] त्रैगी मुस्तफ़ा, एक अन्य महिला, और लेफ़्टिनेन्ट जनरल रोमिओ डलायरे (2006)]]
 
2005 में, वो एक प्रस्तावित $100-मिलियन [[जस्ता]] खदान के विरोध में लडे जिसके बारे में उनका मानना था की ये खदान [[नाहानी नदी]] को प्रदूषित कर देगी जो कि एक संयुक्त राष्ट्र से मान्यता प्राप्त एक [[विश्व विरासत स्थल]] है। उन्होंने कहा: "{{quote|यह नदी एक बेहद ही शानदार और जादुई जगह है। मैं नहीं कहता की जस्ता की खुदाई गलत है [...] लेकिन उसके लिए यह जगह ठीक नहीं है। यंहा यह करने के लिये बिल्कुल ही गलत काम है।}}"<ref>{{cite news|last=ब्युकर्ट|first=डेनिस|title=Justin Trudeau denounces mine near park his father created: Vancouver company wants to build massive mine with access through Nahanni watershed|newspaper=वैन्कुअर सन|date=May 16, 2005|page=D10}}</ref><ref>{{cite news|last=ट्रुडेउ|first=जस्टिन|title=We hold the Nahanni in trust for the world. Let's protect it|url=http://m.theglobeandmail.com/commentary/we-hold-the-nahanni-in-trust-for-the-world-lets-protect-it/article4180594/?service=mobile|accessdate=अप्रैल 19, 2013|newspaper=ग्लोब एंड मेल}}</ref>
 
==राजनीतिक शुरुवात==
==Political beginnings==
[[File:जस्टिनJustin ट्रुडेउTrudeau supporting Gerard Kennedy 2.jpg|thumb|upright|Trudeau2006 atके theनेतृत्व 2006सम्मेलन leadershipमें conventionट्रुडेउ]]
Trudeauट्रुडेउ supportedने theकिशोरावस्था से ही लिबरल पार्टी fromका aसमर्थन किया। [[कनाडा के youngसंघीय ageचुनाव, offering१९८८|1988 hisसंघीय supportचुनावों]] toमें partyलिबरल leaderदल [[Johnके Turner]]उम्मीदवार inजॉन theटर्नर [[Canadianके federalलिये election,प्रचार 1988|1988किया। federal election]].<ref>{{cite news|author=Patricia Poirier, |title="Trudeau's son offers his support to Turner", |work=''Globeग्लोब andएंड Mailमेल'', September|date=सितम्बर 16, 1988, |page=A8.}}</ref> Twoदो yearsसाल later,बाद heउन्होंने defendedअपने [[Canadianविद्यालय federalism]]में atएक a student event at the [[Collège Jeanछात्र-de-Brébeuf]],सभा anमें eliteकनाडा Jesuitके highसंघीय schoolढांचे whichकी heवकालत attended.की।<ref>Jane{{cite Taber,news|author=जेन टेबर|title="A teacher of drama, a riveting moment", |work=''Nationalनैशनल Postपोस्ट'', |date=अक्टूबर 4, 2000, |page=A03.}}</ref>
 
Followingअपने hisपिता father'sकी death,मृत्यु Trudeauके becameबाद more involved with theट्रुडेउ लिबरल पार्टी throughoutकी theगतिविधियों 2000s.में Alongऔर withज्यादा Olympianशामिल [[Charmaineहोने Crooks]],लगे। he co-hosted a tribute to outgoing prime minister [[Jean Chrétien]] at the party'sउन्हें [[कनाडा की लिबरल पार्टीके leadershipसंघीय conventionचुनाव, 2003२००६|20032006 leadershipसंघीय conventionचुनावों]] andमें wasपार्टी laterकी appointedहार toके chairबाद aउन्हें taskदल forceसे onयुवाओं youthको renewalजोडने afterके theलिये party'sबने defeatएक inकार्य theदल [[Canadianका federalअध्यक्ष election,बनाया 2006|2006 federal election]].गया।<ref>{{cite news|title=Chrétien bids adieu to a lifetime in politics|url=http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/story/2003/11/13/chretiengoodbye031112.html|accessdate=Septemberसितम्बर 28, 2012|newspaper=Canadian Broadcasting Corporation|date=November 14नवम्बर14, 2003}}</ref><ref>{{cite news|author=Juliet O'Neill, Neil|title="जस्टिनJustin ट्रुडेउTrudeau to spearhead youth renewal of लिबरलLiberal पार्टीParty: Task force", |publisher=''Nationalनैशनल Postपोस्ट'', |date=अप्रैल 7, 2006, |page=A1;}}</ref>
 
In अक्टूबर 2006, Trudeau criticized [[Quebec nationalism]] by describing political nationalism generally as an "old idea from the 19th century", "based on a smallness of thought" and not relevant to modern Quebec. This comment was seen as a criticism of [[Michael Ignatieff]], then a candidate in the [[कनाडा की लिबरल पार्टी leadership election, 2006|2006 लिबरल पार्टी leadership election]], who was promoting recognition of [[Quebec]] as a nation.<ref>{{cite news|last=Gordon|first=Sean|title=Sounding like his father, जस्टिन ट्रुडेउ takes aim at Michael Ignatieff's idea of Quebec as a 'nation'|newspaper=Toronto Star|date=अक्टूबर 27, 2006|page=A01}}</ref><ref>{{cite news|last=Perreaux|first=Les|title=Eldest Trudeau son takes poke at Ignatieff stand, nationalism: 'Unfortunately, some people these days are wrapped up in this idea of nation for Quebec'|newspaper=Montreal Gazette|date=अक्टूबर 27, 2006|page=A12}}</ref> Trudeau subsequently wrote a public letter on the subject, describing the idea of Quebec nationhood as "against everything my father ever believed."<ref>{{cite news|last=Macpherson|first=Son|title=Pass the peanut butter, it looks like Ignatieff is toast: His 'nationhood' proposal has stirred political heavies to line up against him|newspaper=Montreal Gazette|date=November 2, 2006|page=A23}}</ref><ref>{{cite news|last=Thompson|first=Elizabeth|title=Ignatieff lacks 'wisdom' to lead: जस्टिन ट्रुडेउ: Says Gerard Kennedy deserves closer look|newspaper=Montreal Gazette|date=November 15, 2006|page=A14}}</ref>
 
Trudeau announced his support for leadership candidate [[Gerard Kennedy]] shortly before the 2006 convention and introduced Kennedy during the candidates' final speeches.<ref>{{cite news|last=Coyne|first=Andrew|title=Kennedy's message is bold, but risky|url=http://www.canada.com/nationalpost/story.html?id=702673aa-fed1-4cfb-af94-3ed54d57a57d&k=63212&p=1|accessdate=September 29, 2012|newspaper=National Post|date=December 2, 2006}}</ref> When Kennedy dropped off after the second ballot, Trudeau joined him in supporting the ultimate winner, [[Stéphane Dion]].<ref>Robert Benzie, "All the right moves for Kennedy; 'Kingmaker' becomes Dion's heir apparent", ''Toronto Star'', December 3, 2006, A07.</ref><ref>{{cite news|last=Corrigan|first=Ed|title=Liberals Elect Stephan Dion|url=http://www.agoracosmopolitan.com/home/Frontpage/2006/12/19/01277.html|accessdate=September 29, 2012|newspaper=The Canadian}}</ref>
 
Rumours circulated in early 2007 that Trudeau would run in a [[by-election]] in the Montreal riding of [[Outremont (federal electoral district)|Outremont]], but he instead announced that he would seek the Liberal nomination in पैपिनेउ for the next general election.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.ctv.ca/servlet/ArticleNews/story/CTVNews/20070111/jean_lapierre_070111/20070111?hub=QPeriod |title=Quebec Liberal MP Jean Lapierre to resign |publisher=CTV News |date=January 11, 2007 |accessdate=अप्रैल 23, 2011}}</ref><ref>{{cite news|title=Will जस्टिन ट्रुडेउ run for Parliament MP?|url=http://www.thestar.com/news/2007/01/10/will_justin_trudeau_run_for_parliament_mp.html|accessdate=अप्रैल 21, 2013|newspaper=Toronto Star|author=Sean Gordon|author2=Susan Delacourt|date=January 10, 2007}}</ref><ref>{{cite news|last=Taber|first=Jane|title=Liberals welcome Trudeau, bid adieu to Graham|newspaper=Globe and Mail|date=February 23, 2007|page=A1}}</ref> Trudeau faced off against [[Mary Deros]], a Montreal city councillor and [[Basilio Giordano]], the publisher of a local Italian-language newspaper for the Liberal nomination. On अप्रैल 29, 2007, he easily won the party's nomination, picking up 690 votes to 350 for Deros and 220 for Giordano.<ref>{{cite news|last=Woods|first=Allan|title=Trudeau wins nomination|url=http://www.thestar.com/news/2007/04/30/trudeau_wins_nomination.html|accessdate=अप्रैल 19, 2013|newspaper=Toronto Star|date=अप्रैल 30, 2007}}</ref>
 
==2008&ndash;2013==
Prime Ministerप्रधानमंत्री [[स्टीफन हार्पर]] called an election forने [[Canadianकनाडा federalके electionसंघीय चुनाव, 2008२००८|अक्टूबर 14, 2008]], byको whichसंघीय timeचुनावों Trudeauकी hadघोषणा beenकी campaigningजब forट्रुडेउ aपैपिनेउ yearमें inपिछले पैपिनेउ.एक Onवर्ष electionसे dayचुनाव Trudeauप्रचार narrowlyकर defeatedरहे [[Blocथे। Québécois]]चुनाव [[incumbent]]के दिन उन्होंने ब्लॉक क़्युबेकोइस के [[विवियन बार्बोट]]. को नज़दीकी अंतर से हराया। <ref>{{cite news|title=Trudeau pledges loyalty to constituents after पैपिनेउpapineau win|url=http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/montreal/story/2008/10/14/mtl-पैपिनेउelection1014papineauelection1014.html?ref=rss|accessdate=अप्रैल 18, 2013|newspaper=Canadian Broadcasting Corporation|date=अक्टूबर 15, 2008}}</ref> Followingचुनावी hisजीत electionके win,बाद Edwardग्लोब Greenspon,एंड editor-in-chiefमेल ofके ''[[Theशीर्ष Globeसंपादक andएडवर्ड Mail]]'',ग्रीनस्पोन notedने thatलिखा Trudeauथा wouldकि "beट्रुडेउ viewedको asकुछ fewअन्य otherसांसदों rookieके MPsसाथ-साथ are—asआने aवाले potentialप्रधानमंत्री futureके primeउम्मीदवार minister—andके scrutinizedरूप throughमें thatदेखा lens."<refजायेगा name="Theऔर Sonइनके Alsoकार्यों Rises"/>की गहन समीक्षा होगी।
 
The [[Conservative Party of Canada|Conservative Party]] won a [[minority government]] in the 2008 election, and Trudeau entered parliament as a member of the [[Official Opposition]]. Trudeau was the first member of the [[40th Parliament of Canada]] to introduce a private member's motion, in which he called for a "national voluntary service policy for young people". The proposal won support from parliamentarians across party lines.<ref>{{cite news|last=Hebert|first=Chantal|title=Trudeau looking lonely on left|url=http://www.thestar.com/opinion/columnists/2009/02/27/trudeau_looking_lonely_on_left.html|accessdate=अप्रैल 21, 2013|newspaper=Toronto Star|date=February 27, 2007}}</ref> He later co-chaired the लिबरल पार्टी's अप्रैल 2009 national convention in [[Vancouver]], and in अक्टूबर of the same year he was appointed as the party's critic for multiculturalism and youth.<ref>Jane Taber, "Vancouver to host a Liberal love-in; the knives are to be left at home", ''Globe and Mail'', अप्रैल 25, 2009, A4; Terry Pedwell, "Liberals won't change strategy, despite polls, say MPs", अक्टूबर 6, 2009, 12:06.</ref> In September 2010, he was reassigned as critic for youth, citizenship, and immigration.<ref>"MICHAEL IGNATIEFF ANNOUNCES LIBERAL CRITIC TEAM FOR RETURN OF PARLIAMENT", ''States News Service'', September 7, 2010.</ref> He was critical of the Harper government's legislation targeting human smuggling, which he argued would penalize the victims of smuggling.<ref>Douglas Quan and Norma Greenway, "Feds target human smugglers in legislation", ''Windsor Star'', अक्टूबर 22, 2010, C1.</ref>
 
He encouraged an increase of Canada's relief efforts after the [[2010 Haiti earthquake]], and sought more accessible immigration procedures for Haitians moving to Canada in the time of crisis. His own riding includes a significant Haitian community.<ref>"LIBERALS RALLY FOR IMMEDIATE ACTION IN HAITI", ''State News Service'', January 13, 2010; "Liberal MP wants immigration rules relaxed for Haitians", ''Canada AM'', January 22, 2010.</ref>
 
Trudeau was re-elected in पैपिनेउ in the [[Canadian federal election, 2011|2011 Canadian federal election]], as the लिबरल पार्टी fell to third-party standing in the House of Commons with only thirty-four seats. Ignatieff resigned as party leader immediately after the election, and rumours again circulated that Trudeau could run to become his successor. On this occasion, Trudeau said, "I don't feel I should be closing off any options," but added, "because of the history packaged into my name, a lot of people are turning to me in a way that [...] to be blunt, concerns me."<ref>"Trudeau won't rule out bid for party leadership", ''Ottawa Citizen'', May 5, 2011, A3; Susan Delacourt, "Is the party over? Canada's 'natural governing party' faces difficult questions after Monday's shellacking", ''Toronto Star'', May 7, 2011, IN1.</ref> Weeks after the election Toronto MP [[बॉब रे]] was selected to serve as the interim leader until the party's leadership convention, which was later decided to be held in अप्रैल 2013. Rae appointed Trudeau as the party's critic for Post Secondary Education, Youth and Amateur Sport.<ref>{{cite news|title=Trudeau&nbsp;– again?|url=http://www.thespec.com/opinion/editorial/article/564463--trudeau-again|accessdate=July 9, 2012|newspaper=Hamilton Spectator|date=July 17, 2011}}</ref> Trudeau has been acknowledged as the "rock star" of the party, and since his re-election he has travelled the country hosting fundraisers for charities and the लिबरल पार्टी.<ref>{{cite news|title=जस्टिन ट्रुडेउ pumps up St. John's Liberal fundraiser|url=http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/newfoundland-labrador/story/2012/05/03/nl-justin-trudeau-fundraiser-503.html|accessdate=July 9, 2012|newspaper=Canadian Broadcasting Corporation|date=May 3, 2012}}</ref><ref>{{cite news|title=Trudeau to speak at local scholarship fundraiser|url=http://www.northernlife.ca/news/localNews/2012/04/17-justin-tudeau-guest-speaker-sudbury.aspx|accessdate=July 9, 2012|newspaper=Northern Life|date=अप्रैल 17, 2012}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|title=Lawrence MacAulay Fundraising Dinner with जस्टिन ट्रुडेउ|url=http://events.liberal.ca/Event/lawrence-macaulay-fundraising-dinner-with-justin-trudeau.aspx?Lang=en|publisher=कनाडा की लिबरल पार्टी|accessdate=July 9, 2012}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|title=By-election fundraiser with जस्टिन ट्रुडेउ|url=http://www.liberalcalgary.ca/node/153|publisher=Liberal Calgary|accessdate=July 9, 2012}}</ref>
 
During March 2012 Trudeau took part in a charity boxing match on behalf of "Fight for the Cure" with Conservative senator [[Patrick Brazeau]].<ref name=boxing>{{cite news |title= जस्टिन ट्रुडेउ scores major upset in Fight for the Cure boxing match over Conservative Senator Patrick Brazeau |authors=Robert Hiltz and Michael den Tandt|url=http://news.nationalpost.com/2012/03/31/justin-trudeau-boxing/ |publisher=''[[National Post]]'' |date=अप्रैल 1, 2012 |accessdate=अप्रैल 4, 2013}}</ref> Trudeau won the fight in the third round, and the result was considered an upset.<ref name=boxing/><ref name="CTV boxing">{{cite news|title=Trudeau declines Brazeau boxing rematch as debt paid |author=John Size |url= http://www.ctvnews.ca/trudeau-declines-brazeau-boxing-rematch-as-debt-paid-1.790948#ixzz2PTOyeR9V |publisher=CTV News |date=अप्रैल 2, 2012 |accessdate=अप्रैल 4, 2013}}</ref>
 
==लिबरल पार्टी leadership==
[[File:Trudeaujpg.jpg|thumb|right|upright|2008 Trudeau promotional photo by [[Jean-Marc Carisse]]]]
After Dion's resignation as Liberal leader in 2008, Trudeau's name was mentioned as a potential candidate to succeed him, with polls showing him as a favourite among Canadians for the position.<ref>{{cite news|title=Canadians want Trudeau as next Liberal leader|url=http://www.canada.com/calgaryherald/news/story.html?id=ac33a9de-1ebc-47c7-960a-43df367acd07|accessdate=July 9, 2012|newspaper=Calgary Herald|date=अक्टूबर 29, 2008}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.canada.com/topics/news/story.html?id=9b14c1bf-e87a-40a6-8053-564930d09ed9 |title=Canadians prefer Trudeau: Poll shows young heir is top pick to replace Dion |publisher=canada.com |date=अक्टूबर 28, 2008 |accessdate=अप्रैल 23, 2011}}</ref> However, he did not enter the race and Ignatieff was later acclaimed as leader in December 2008.<ref>{{cite news|title=Ignatieff secures Liberal leadership as Rae bows out|url=http://www.paherald.sk.ca/Politics/2008-12-09/article-172596/Ignatieff-secures-Liberal-leadership-as-Rae-bows-out/1|accessdate=July 9, 2012|newspaper=The Canadian Press|date=December 9, 2008}}</ref> After the party's poor showing in the 2011 election, Ignatieff resigned from the leadership and Trudeau was again seen as a potential candidate to lead the party.<ref>{{cite news|title=Liberals field questions about future leaders|url=http://www.cbc.ca/news/politics/story/2011/05/04/pol-liberals-leader.html|accessdate=July 9, 2012|newspaper=Canadian Broadcasting Corporation|date=May 4, 2011}}</ref>
 
Following the election Trudeau said he was undecided about seeking the leadership and months later announced he would not seek the post because he had a young family.<ref>{{cite news|title=Trudeau undecided on Liberal leadership bid|url=http://www.lfpress.com/news/decision2011/2011/05/04/18103526.html|accessdate=July 9, 2012|newspaper=IFpress|date=May 4, 2011}}</ref> When interim leader Rae, who was also seen as a frontrunner, announced he would not be entering the race in June 2012, Trudeau was hit with a "tsunami" of calls from supporters to reconsider his earlier decision to not seek the leadership.<ref>{{cite news|last=Bryden|first=Joan|title=जस्टिन ट्रुडेउ hit with ‘tsunami’ of calls to run for Liberals since बॉब रे’s withdrawal|url=http://news.nationalpost.com/2012/06/15/justin-trudeau-hit-with-tsunami-of-calls-to-run-for-liberals-since-bob-raes-withdrawal/|accessdate=July 9, 2012|newspaper=National Post|date=June 15, 2012}}</ref> Opinion polling conducted by several pollsters showed that if Trudeau were to become leader the लिबरल पार्टी would surge in support, from a distant third place to either being competitive with the Conservative Party or leading them.<ref>{{cite news|last=Goldstein|first=Lorrie|title=We’re Justin love|url=http://www.torontosun.com/2012/06/27/were-justin-love|accessdate=July 9, 2012|newspaper=Toronto Sun|date=June 27, 2012}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|title=New Democrats Edge Slumping Conservatives in Canada|url=http://www.angus-reid.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/06/2012.06.18_Politics_CAN.pdf|publisher=Angus Reid|accessdate=July 9, 2012}}</ref> In July 2012, Trudeau stated that he would reconsider his earlier decision to not seek the leadership and would announce his final decision at the end of the summer.<ref>{{cite news|last=Cryderman|first=Kelly|title=Trudeau on leadership: wait till summer's end|url=http://www.calgaryherald.com/news/politics/Trudeau+leadership+wait+till+summer/6900852/story.html|accessdate=July 9, 2012|newspaper=Calgary Herald|date=July 8, 2012}}</ref>
 
===2013 leadership election===
{{see also|कनाडा की लिबरल पार्टी leadership election, 2013}}
On September 26, 2012, multiple media outlets started reporting that Trudeau would launch his leadership bid the following week.<ref>{{cite news|title=जस्टिन ट्रुडेउ to run for Liberal leadership|url=http://www.cbc.ca/news/politics/story/2012/09/26/justin-trudeau-liberal-leadership.html|accessdate=September 28, 2012|newspaper=Canadian Broadcasting Corporation|date=September 26, 2012}}</ref><ref>{{cite news|title=जस्टिन ट्रुडेउ to seek Liberal leadership|url=http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/politics/ottawa-notebook/justin-trudeau-to-seek-liberal-leadership-reports/article4568675/|accessdate=September 28, 2012|newspaper=Globe and Mail|date=September 26, 2012|location=Toronto}}</ref> While Trudeau was seen as a frontrunner for the leadership of the लिबरल पार्टी, he was criticized for his perceived lack of substance.<ref>{{cite news|last=Radia|first=Andy|title=जस्टिन ट्रुडेउ to run for Liberal leadership but is he all splash and no substance?|url=http://ca.news.yahoo.com/blogs/canada-politics/justin-trudeau-run-liberal-leadership-splash-no-substance-154520920.html|accessdate=अक्टूबर 1, 2012|newspaper=Yahoo News|date=September 26, 2012}}</ref><ref>{{cite news|last=Caplan|first=Gerald|title=Is जस्टिन ट्रुडेउ really taken seriously by his own party?|url=http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/politics/second-reading/is-justin-trudeau-really-taken-seriously-by-his-own-party/article4575515/|accessdate=अक्टूबर 1, 2012|newspaper=Globe and Mail|date=September 28, 2012|location=Toronto}}</ref> During his time as a Member of Parliament he spoke little on policy matters and it was not known where he stood on many issues such as the economy and foreign affairs.<ref>{{cite news|last=Berthiaume|first=Lee|title=जस्टिन ट्रुडेउ’s good looks expected to cover up other weaknesses|url=http://o.canada.com/2012/09/28/0929-trudeau-looks/|accessdate=अक्टूबर 1, 2012|newspaper=Canada.com|date=September 28, 2012}}</ref><ref>{{cite news|last=Coyne|first=Andrew|title=The son is not the father and the future is not buried in the past|url=http://fullcomment.nationalpost.com/2012/09/28/andrew-coyne-the-son-is-not-the-father-and-the-future-is-not-buried-in-the-past/|accessdate=अक्टूबर 1, 2012|newspaper=National Post|date=September 28, 2012}}</ref> Some strategists and pundits believed the leadership is the time for Trudeau to be tested on these issues; however, there was also fear within the party that his celebrity status and large lead may deter other strong candidates from entering the leadership race.<ref>{{cite news|last=Bryden|first=Joan|title=जस्टिन ट्रुडेउ to announce Liberal leadership run: Reports|url=http://metronews.ca/news/canada/383604/justin-trudeau-to-announce-liberal-leadership-run-reports/|accessdate=अक्टूबर 1, 2012|newspaper=Canadian Press|date=September 26, 2012}}</ref><ref>{{cite news|last=Berthiaume|first=Lee|title=Trudeau leadership bid stirs talk of Liberal 'coronation'|url=http://www.edmontonjournal.com/news/Trudeau+could+narrow+field+hopefuls/7309794/story.html|accessdate=अक्टूबर 1, 2012|newspaper=Postmedia News|date=September 28, 2012}}</ref><ref>{{cite news|last=MacKinnon|first=Leslie|title=Trudeau seen by senior Liberals as a risk worth taking|url=http://www.cbc.ca/news/politics/story/2012/09/30/pol-trudeau-leadership-liberals.html|accessdate=अक्टूबर 1, 2012|newspaper=Canadian Broadcasting Corporation|date=अक्टूबर 1, 2012}}</ref>
 
On अक्टूबर 2, 2012, Trudeau held a rally in Montreal to launch his bid for the leadership of the लिबरल पार्टी.<ref name="The Wall Street Journal">{{cite news|last=Vieira|first=Paul|title=The Wall Street Journal&nbsp;– Justin Trudeau Poised to Step into Liberal Race in Canada|url=http://blogs.wsj.com/canadarealtime/2012/10/02/justin-trudeau-poised-to-step-into-liberal-race-in-canada/|work=The Wall Street Journal|publisher=The Wall Street Journal|accessdate=अक्टूबर 2, 2012}}</ref> The core people on his campaign team are considered longtime friends, and all in their 30s and 40s. His senior advisor is [[Gerald Butts]], the former President of [[WWF-Canada]] who previously served as principal secretary to ex-Ontario premier [[Dalton McGuinty]]. Other senior aides include campaign manager Katie Telford, and policy advisors Mike McNeir and Robert Asselin, who have all worked for recent लिबरल पार्टी leaders.<ref>{{cite news|last=LeBlanc|first=Daniel|title=Inside जस्टिन ट्रुडेउ's war room|url=http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/national/inside-justin-trudeaus-war-room/article9242414/?page=all|accessdate=March 2, 2013|newspaper=Globe and Mail|date=March 1, 2013|location=Toronto}}</ref> His brother Alexandre also took a break from his documentary work to be a senior advisor on Trudeau's campaign.<ref>{{cite news|title=The other brother: Sacha, the ‘apolitical’ one, joins जस्टिन ट्रुडेउ’s campaign team|url=http://news.nationalpost.com/2012/10/22/the-other-brother-sacha-the-apolitical-one-joins-justin-trudeaus-campaign-team/|accessdate=March 2, 2013|newspaper=National Post|date=अक्टूबर 22, 2012}}</ref>
 
During the leadership campaign three by-elections were held on [[By-elections to the 41st Canadian Parliament#November 2012|November 26, 2012]]. The riding [[Calgary Centre]] was expected to be a three-way race between the Conservatives, Liberals and Green Party. A week before by-election day [[Sun Media]] reported on comments Trudeau had made in a 2010 interview with [[Télé-Québec]], in which he said "Canada isn't doing well right now because it's Albertans who control our community and socio-democratic agenda." Trudeau's campaign advisor said that the comments were being brought up now because of the close race in Calgary Centre.<ref name="alta">{{cite news|author=22 November 2012 7:02 PM ET |url=http://www.cbc.ca/news/politics/story/2012/11/22/pol-trudeau-tele-quebec-comments-alberta-quebec.html |title=Sun commentary on Télé-Québec interview |publisher=Cbc.ca |date=November 22, 2012 |accessdate=January 2, 2013}}</ref> The following day, Trudeau apologized, saying he was wrong to use "Alberta" as "[[shorthand]]" in referring to [[स्टीफन हार्पर]]'s government.<ref name="alta2">{{cite news|author=Ian Bailey |url=http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/politics/trudeau-apologizes-for-saying-alberta-is-controlling-our-community/article5592936/ |title=Globe reports on Trudeau apology |publisher=Globe and Mail |date=November 23, 2012 |accessdate=January 2, 2013 |location=Toronto}}</ref> The Conservatives held onto Calgary Centre in the by-election by less than 1,200 votes. Liberal candidate [[Harvey Locke]] said he lost the by-election on his own and that comments made by Trudeau did not influence the outcome.<ref>{{cite news|last=Walton|first=Dawn|title=Tories retain Calgary Centre as Liberals, Greens split vote|url=http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/politics/tories-retain-calgary-centre-as-liberals-greens-split-vote/article5718001/|accessdate=अप्रैल 17, 2013|newspaper=Globe and Mail|location=Toronto|date=November 27, 2012}}</ref>
 
Fellow leadership candidate [[Marc Garneau]], seen as Trudeau's main challenger in the race, criticized Trudeau for not releasing enough substantial policy positions. Garneau called on him to release more detailed policies before members and supporters begin to vote.<ref>{{cite news|last=McPharland|first=Kelly|title=Kelly McParland: Marc Garneau challenges जस्टिन ट्रुडेउ to take a stand. Any stand.|url=http://fullcomment.nationalpost.com/2013/02/14/kelly-mcparland-marc-garneau-challenges-justin-trudeau-to-take-a-stand-any-stand/|accessdate=March 2, 2013|newspaper=National Post|date=February 14, 2013}}</ref> Garneau later challenged Trudeau to a one-on-one debate, and said that if Trudeau could not defend his ideas in a debate against him, he wouldn’t be able to do so against Prime Minister Harper.<ref>{{cite news|last=Visser|first=Josh|title=Marc Garneau challenges ‘untested’ Liberal frontrunner जस्टिन ट्रुडेउ to one-on-one debate|url=http://news.nationalpost.com/2013/02/25/marc-garneau-challenges-untested-liberal-frontrunner-justin-trudeau-to-one-on-one-debate/|accessdate=March 2, 2013|newspaper=National Post|date=February 25, 2013}}</ref> Trudeau also clashed in debates with challenger [[Joyce Murray]], who was the only Liberal leadership candidate to speak out strongly in favour of electing the House of Commons with a system of [[proportional representation]]; Murray favours a system which supplements individual districts with [[List MP|list seats]] to make a party's seat share for a given region identical to vote share. She challenged Trudeau on the issue, especially over his assertion that voters wanted proportional representation because they didn't understand the consequences of adopting it.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.facebook.com/FairVoteCanada/posts/10151350844846247|title=जस्टिन ट्रुडेउ admits Canadians want... – Fair Vote Canada – Facebook|work=facebook.com|accessdate=अक्टूबर 19, 2015}}</ref>
 
On March 13, 2013, Garneau dropped out of the leadership race, saying that polling conducted by his campaign shows that he would be unable to beat Trudeau.<ref>{{cite news|title=Marc Garneau quits Liberal race, backs Trudeau |url=http://www.cbc.ca/news/politics/story/2013/03/13/pol-marc-garneau-liberal-leadership.html/ |accessdate=March 13, 2013 |newspaper=cbc |date=March 13, 2013 |deadurl=yes |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/20130313171356/http://www.cbc.ca/news/politics/story/2013/03/13/pol-marc-garneau-liberal-leadership.html |archivedate=March 13, 2013 }}</ref><ref>{{cite news|last=Hebert|first=Chanatal|title=Marc Garneau’s withdrawal from Liberal leadership race saves himself humiliation: Hébert|url=http://www.thestar.com/news/canada/2013/03/13/marc_garneaus_withdrawal_from_liberal_leadership_race_saves_himself_humiliation_hbert.html|accessdate=March 15, 2013|newspaper=The Toronto Star|date=March 13, 2013}}</ref><ref>{{cite news|last=Berthiaume|first=Lee|title=‘The game is long’: Liberals still in leadership fight for votes after Marc Garneau bows out|url=http://news.nationalpost.com/2013/03/13/the-game-is-long-liberals-still-in-leadership-race-say-contest-isnt-done-quite-yet-after-marc-garneau-bows-out/|accessdate=March 15, 2013|newspaper=National Post|date=March 13, 2013}}</ref>
 
With Joyce Murray the last challenger receiving significant press time, more Liberal politicians and public figures declared themselves for Trudeau. Trudeau was declared the winner of the leadership election on अप्रैल 14, 2013, garnering 80.1% of 30,800 votes.<ref>{{cite news|last=Lee|first=Berthiaume|title=जस्टिन ट्रुडेउ elected Liberal leader in landslide victory|url=http://news.nationalpost.com/2013/04/14/justin-trudeau-elected-liberal-leader-in-landslide-victory/|accessdate=अप्रैल 17, 2013|newspaper=National Post|date=अप्रैल 14, 2013}}</ref> Joyce Murray finished in second place with 10.2% points, ahead of Martha Hall Findlay's 5.7%.<ref>{{cite news| url=http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/politics/justin-trudeau-elected-liberal-leader-in-a-landslide/article11189244/ | location=Toronto | work=The Globe and Mail | title=जस्टिन ट्रुडेउ elected Liberal leader in a landslide | date=अप्रैल 15, 2013}}</ref> Trudeau had lost only five ridings, all to Murray and all in BC.<ref>{{cite news|title=Liberal leadership race – results map|url=http://canadianelectionatlas.blogspot.ca/2013/04/liberal-leadership-race-results-map.html|accessdate=अक्टूबर 20, 2015|work=Canadian Election Atlas|date=अप्रैल 15, 2013}}</ref>
 
==Liberal leader, 2013–present==
[[File:जस्टिन ट्रुडेउ in Saskatchewan1.jpg|thumb|upright|जस्टिन ट्रुडेउ attending a local fundraiser in Regina, 2013]]
Polls conducted during the leadership race showed that support for the Liberals would surge if they were led by Trudeau. Days after winning his party's leadership a poll showed that the लिबरल पार्टी was the choice of 43 per cent of respondents. This compared to 30 per cent for the governing Conservatives and 19 per cent for the Official Opposition New Democrats.<ref>{{cite news|title=Poll shows जस्टिन ट्रुडेउ Liberals far ahead 38|url=http://www.torontosun.com/2013/04/16/poll-shows-justin-trudeau-liberals-far-ahead|accessdate=अप्रैल 21, 2013|newspaper=Toronto Sun|date=अप्रैल 16, 2013}}</ref>
 
According to EKOS Politics, in अक्टूबर 2013 Trudeau's approval numbers improved to a 48–29 Approval-Disapproval; Thomas Mulcair's jumped to a slight lead at 50–25, while स्टीफन हार्पर's ratings sank to 24–69.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.ekospolitics.com/index.php/2013/10/stephen-harper-plumbing-record-lows-on-trust-direction-and-approval/|title=स्टीफन हार्पर Plumbing Record Lows on Trust, Direction, and Approval|work=ekospolitics.com|accessdate=अक्टूबर 19, 2015}}</ref>
A December 12–15 (2013) EKOS poll showed the Liberals preferred by 32.1% of voters, the Conservatives by 26.2%, the NDP 22.9%. Likely voters, estimated by removing those who didn't vote in 2011, moved the parties into a logjam: Liberals 29.1%, Conservatives 28.5%, NDP 27.2%.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.ekospolitics.com/index.php/2013/12/stephen-harper-and-the-middle-class-crisis/|title=स्टीफन हार्पर and the Middle Class Crisis|work=ekospolitics.com|accessdate=अक्टूबर 19, 2015}}</ref>
 
In 2013, जस्टिन ट्रुडेउ chose to give up his seat at the [[Death and state funeral of Nelson Mandela|funeral of Nelson Mandela]], in deference to [[Irwin Cotler]] as representative of the [[कनाडा की लिबरल पार्टी]], because of Cotler's work for and with [[Nelson Mandela]] in fighting [[apartheid]].<ref>CTV News Network, "Memorial of Nelson Mandela", airdate December 10, 2013 circa 4:30am EST</ref>
 
[[कनाडा की कंज़र्वेटिव पार्टी|कंज़र्वेटिव पार्टी]] ने २००८ के चुनावों में [[बहुमत की सरकार]] बनाई और ट्रुडेउ संसद में आधिकारिक विपक्ष के सदस्य के तौर पर आये। कनाडा की चालीसवीं संसद में व्यक्तिगत प्रस्ताव पेश करने वाले के ट्रुडेउ पहले सांसद थे। इस प्रस्ताव में उन्होंने युवाओं के लिये राष्ट्रीय स्वयंसेवक योजना लाने की बात की थी। उनके इस प्रस्ताव को सभी पार्टियों ने स्वीकार किया और समर्थन दिया।<ref>{{cite news|last=हेबर्ट|first=कैंटल|title=Trudeau looking lonely on left|url=http://www.thestar.com/opinion/columnists/2009/02/27/trudeau_looking_lonely_on_left.html|accessdate=अप्रैल 21, 2013|newspaper=टोरंटो स्टार|date=फरवरी27, 2007}}</ref> बाद में उन्होंने [[वैनकुअर]] में आयोजित हुए लिबरल पार्टी के राष्ट्रीय सम्मेलन की अप्रैल 2009 में सह-अध्यक्षता की। <ref>{{cite news|author=जेन टेबर|title="Vancouver to host a Liberal love-in; the knives are to be left at home"|work=''ग्लोब एंड मेल''|date=अप्रैल 25, 2009
On January 27, 2014, Trudeau and MP [[Carolyn Bennett]] escorted [[Chrystia Freeland]] into the House of Commons, as is traditional for by-election victors.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.thestar.com/news/insight/2014/02/07/parliament_speaking_a_language_all_its_own.html|title=Parliament: Speaking a language all its own|date=February 7, 2014|work=thestar.com|accessdate=अक्टूबर 19, 2015}}</ref>
|page=A4}}; {{cite news|टेरी पेडवेल|title= "Liberals won't change strategy, despite polls, say MPs"|date=अक्टूबर 6, 2009, 12:06}}</ref> सितम्बर 2010 में उन्हें युवा, नागरिकता व प्रवास मामलों के लिये अपने पार्टी की तरफ से आलोचक नियुक्त किया गया। <ref>"MICHAEL IGNATIEFF ANNOUNCES LIBERAL CRITIC TEAM FOR RETURN OF PARLIAMENT", ''स्टेट न्यूज़ सर्विस'', सितम्बर 7, 2010.</ref>
 
उन्होंने [[2010, हैती का भूकम्प|हैती के भूकम्प]] के बाद कनाडा द्वारा राहत कार्य बढाने की वकालत की और हैतियों के लिये प्रवास प्रक्रिया आसान बनाए जाने की मांग की। उन्के अपने चुनावी क्षेत्र में अच्छी खासी संख्या हैती निवासियों की भी है।ref>"LIBERALS RALLY FOR IMMEDIATE ACTION IN HAITI", ''स्टेट न्यूज़ सर्विस'', January 13, 2010; "Liberal MP wants immigration rules relaxed for Haitians", ''कनाडा एएम'', January 22, 2010.</ref>
Trudeau launched an internet video the week before the 2014 लिबरल पार्टी convention titled "An economy that benefits us all" in which he narrates his economic platform. He said that Canada’s debt to GDP ratios have come down in recent years and now it’s time for Ottawa to "step up".<ref>{{cite news|title=John Ivison: Why जस्टिन ट्रुडेउ’s new guiding light could have a dramatic impact on Canadian public policy|url=http://fullcomment.nationalpost.com/2014/02/21/john-ivison-why-justin-trudeaus-new-guiding-light-could-have-a-dramatic-impact-on-canadian-public-policy/|accessdate=अक्टूबर 20, 2015|work=National Post|date=February 21, 2014}}</ref>
 
ट्रुडेउ [[कनाडा के संघीय चुनाव, २०११|कनाडा के संघीय चुनाव]] में दोबारा पैपिनेउ से लिबरल पार्टी से सांसद चुने गये। हालांकि लिबरल पार्टी इस बार संसद में सिर्फ़ ३४ सीटों के साथ तीसरे स्थान पर खिसक गयी। इग्नैतिफ़ ने पार्टी अध्यक्ष पद से इस्तीफा दे दिया उअर ट्रुडेउ के अध्यक्ष बनने की अफवाह फैलने लगी। टोरंटो के सांसद [[बॉब रे]] को कार्यवाहक चुनावों तक अध्यक्ष चुना गया। रे ने अपनी पार्टी से ट्रुडेउ को युवा व पेशेवर खेल मंत्रालय और स्नातक शिक्षा के [[छाया मंत्रिमंडल|आलोचक]] के पद के लिये चुना।<ref>{{cite news|title=Trudeau&nbsp;– again?|url=http://www.thespec.com/opinion/editorial/article/564463--trudeau-again|accessdate=July 9, 2012|newspaper=हैमिल्टन स्पेक्टेटर|date=July 17, 2011}}</ref> ट्रुडेउ को पार्टी का ''रॉक स्टार'' कहा गया। चुनावों के बाद वह देश भर में पार्टी और चैरिटी सेवाओं के लिये अनुदान संचयन के लिये घूमते रहे।<ref>{{cite news|title=justin Trudeau pumps up St. John's Liberal fundraiser|url=http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/newfoundland-labrador/story/2012/05/03/nl-justin-trudeau-fundraiser-503.html|accessdate=July 9, 2012|newspaper=Canadian Broadcasting Corporation|date=May 3, 2012}}</ref><ref>{{cite news|title=Trudeau to speak at local scholarship fundraiser|url=http://www.northernlife.ca/news/localNews/2012/04/17-justin-tudeau-guest-speaker-sudbury.aspx|accessdate=July 9, 2012|newspaper=Northern Life|date=अप्रैल 17, 2012}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|title=Lawrence MacAulay Fundraising Dinner with जस्टिन ट्रुडेउ|url=http://events.liberal.ca/Event/lawrence-macaulay-fundraising-dinner-with-justin-trudeau.aspx?Lang=en|publisher=कनाडा की लिबरल पार्टी|accessdate=July 9, 2012}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|title=By-election fundraiser with justin Trudeau|url=http://www.liberalcalgary.ca/node/153|publisher=लिबरल कैलगरी|accessdate=July 9, 2012}}</ref>
On अक्टूबर 19, 2015, after the longest official campaign in over a century, Trudeau led the Liberals to a decisive victory in the [[कनाडा के संघीय चुनाव, २०१५|federal election]]. The Liberals won 184 of the 338 seats, with 39.5% of the popular vote, for a strong majority government;<ref name="cbc.ca">http://www.cbc.ca/news2/interactives/results-2015/</ref><ref>http://enr.elections.ca/National.aspx?lang=e</ref> they gained nearly 150 additional seats compared to the results of the 2011 federal election.<ref name="cbc.ca"/> This was the second-best performance in the party's history. The Liberals won mostly on the strength of a solid performance in the eastern half of the country. In addition to taking all of Atlantic Canada and all but two seats in the city of Toronto, Ontario,<ref name="cbc.ca"/> they won 40 seats in Quebec - the most that the Liberals had won in that province since Trudeau's father led them to a near-sweep of the province in [[Canadian federal election, 1980|1980]], and also the first time since then that the Liberals won a majority of Quebec's seats in an election. The 148-seat gain was easily the biggest numerical increase for a single party since Confederation, and marked the first time that a party had rebounded from third place in the Commons to a majority government. CBC News offered the following commentary: "Trudeau’s astounding success also highlights the reversals of fortune for both the Conservatives, who have governed since 2006, and the NDP, who were first in the polls going into this 11-week campaign".<ref name="cbc.ca"/>
 
With the result beyond doubt, Harper announced he would resign all his leadership posts before the new parliament sits, though retaining his seat as an MP.<ref>http://news.nationalpost.com/news/canada/canadian-politics/canadian-election-2015-liberals-jump-to-early-lead-as-polls-close-in-newfoundland-and-labrador</ref> In accordance with [[Constitutional convention (political custom)|constitutional convention]], Harper will indicate his lack of support to govern to [[Governor General of Canada|Governor General]] [[डेविद जॉनस्टन]]. Trudeau will next advise Johnston he can, with his new majority, form a government, after which Johnston is expected to formally invite Trudeau to form a government.
 
==व्यक्तिगत जीवन==
[[File:ETalk2008-Justin Trudeau Sophie Gregoire.jpg|thumb|upright|Trudeauट्रुडेउ withअपनी his wifeपत्नी [[Sophieसोफी Grégoireग्रेगोएर]] atके theसाथ 2008 के [[Torontoटोरंटो Internationalअंतर्राष्ट्रीय Filmफ़िल्म Festivalसमारोह]]. में।]]
Trudeauट्रुडेउ first metने [[Sophieसोफ़ी Grégoireग्रेगोएर]] whenसे theyपहली wereबार bothबचपन childrenमें growingमॉंट्रियल upमें inमिले Montrealथे। ग्रेगोएर, asट्रुडेउ Grégoireके was a classmate and childhood friend of Trudeau's youngest brother,भाई [[माइकल ट्रुडेउ|Michelमाइकल]]. की सहपाठी थीं।<ref name="macleans2005">{{cite web|url=http://www.macleans.ca/canada/national/article.jsp?content=20050606_106678_106678|title=When Justin met Sophie|accessdate=August 23, 2013|first=Lianneलिएन|last=George जॉर्ज|date=May 31, 2005|work=Macleansमैक्लीन्स}}</ref> Theyबडे reconnectedहोने asपर adultsवह in Juneपुन: 2003, whenमें Grégoire,एक byदूसरे thenसे aमिले Quebecजब televisionग्रेगोएर personality,एक wasटीवी assignedप्रस्तोता asबन Trudeau'sचुकी co-hostथीं forऔर aउन्हें charityएक ball;शो theyमें beganट्रुडेउ की मेहमान datingनवाजी severalका जिम्मा सौंपा गया था। months later.<ref name="macleans2005"/> Trudeauट्रुडेउ andऔर Grégoireग्रेगोएर becameने engagedअक्टूबर in2004 अक्टूबरमें सगाई कर ली 2004<ref name="macleans2005"/> and married on Mayऔर 28, 2005, inको aशादी [[Catholic]]कर ceremony at Montreal's Sainte-Madeleine d'Outremont Church.ली।<ref name="cbc2005">{{cite news|url=http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/story/2005/05/28/trudeau-nuptials050528.html|title=जस्टिन ट्रुडेउ विवाहित|accessdate=August 23, 2013|date=May 30, 2005|work=CBC News}}</ref> Theyदोनों haveके threeतीन childrenबच्चे हैं: Xavierज़ैवियर Jamesजेम्स (bornजन्म, अक्टूबर 2007),<ref name="torontostar2007">{{cite news|url=http://www.thestar.com/news/2007/10/19/trudeau_clan_adds_baby_xavier_to_its_ranks.html|title=Trudeau clan adds baby Xavier to its ranks|accessdate=August 23, 2013|date=अक्टूबर 19, 2007|work=Torontoटोरंटो Starस्टार|first=Sean|last=Gordon}}</ref> Ellaएल्ला-Graceग्रेस Margaretमार्गरेट (Februaryफरवरी 2009) <ref name="people2009">{{cite news|title=Justin and Sophie Trudeau Welcome Daughter Ella-Grace|url=http://celebritybabies.people.com/2009/02/07/justin-and-sophie-trudeau-welcome-daughter-ella-grace/|accessdate=August 23, 2013|work=People|date=February 7फरवरी7, 2009}}</ref><ref>{{cite news|title=Justin Trudeau, Sophie Gregoire welcome baby girl|url=http://www.ctvnews.ca/justin-trudeau-sophie-gregoire-welcome-baby-girl-1.367531|accessdate=अप्रैल 17, 2013|publisher=CTVसीटीवी Newsन्यूज़|date=Februaryफरवरी 5, 2009}}</ref> andऔर Hadrienहैड्रीन (bornजन्म, February 2014फरवरी2014).<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.montrealgazette.com/news/national/Justin+Trudeau+welcomes+birth+third+child+baby+Hadrian/9563426/story.html|publisher=Montrealमॉन्ट्रियल Gazetteगैज़ेट|title=जस्टिन ट्रुडेउ announces birth of third child, Hadrien|date=Februaryफरवरी 28, 2014|accessdate=Februaryफरवरी 28, 2014}}</ref><ref>{{cite news|url=http://www.thestar.com/news/canada/2014/03/13/thats_hadrien_trudeau_new_baby_new_spelling.html|work=Torontoटोरंटो Starस्टार|title=That’s Hadrien Trudeau: new baby, new spelling|date=Marchमार्च 13, 2014|accessdate=Marchमार्च 15, 2014}}</ref>
 
In June 2013, two months after Trudeau became the leader of the लिबरल पार्टी, he and his wife sold their home in the [[Côte-des-Neiges]] neighbourhood of Montreal. They began living in a rented home in Ottawa's [[Rockcliffe Park, Ontario|Rockcliffe Park]], the neighbourhood in which Trudeau resided as a child during his father's time as Prime Minister.<ref name="citizen2013">{{cite web|url=http://www.ottawacitizen.com/news/Trudeau+rents+Ottawa+home+Rockcliffe+returning+childhood+stomping+grounds/8769818/story.html|title=Trudeau rents Ottawa home in Rockcliffe, returning to his childhood stomping grounds |accessdate=September 9, 2013|first=Glen|last=McGregor|date=August 10, 2013|work=Ottawa Citizen}}</ref>
 
==चुनावी इतिहास==
! 100.00
|}
<nowiki>*</nowiki>हर संघीय चुनावी जिले के 100 अंक होते हैं, जिनका निर्धारण जिले में निर्वाचकों (वोटरों) द्वारा किया जाता है।
<nowiki>*</nowiki>Each federal electoral district had 100 points, which were determined by the voters in the district.
{{कनाडा के संघीय चुनाव, २०१५/पैपिनेउ}}
 
==प्रकाशित पुस्तकें==
* {{cite book|author=जस्टिन ट्रुडेउ|title=Common Ground|url=http://books.google.com/books?id=4D2EAwAAQBAJ&pg=PP1|date=अक्टूबर 20, 2014|publisher=HarperCollinsहार्पर Canadaकोलीन्स कनाडा|isbn=978-1-4434-3339-6}}
 
==संदर्भ==
{{sisterlinks|d=Q3099714|commons=category:Justin Trudeau|n=category:Justin Trudeau|q=no|b=no|v=no|voy=no|mw=no|species=no|m=no|wikt=no|s=no}}
* {{Official website|http://justin.ca/}}
* [http://www.liberal.ca/mp/justin-trudeau/ कनाडा की लिबरल पार्टी पर प्रालेख]
* [http://www.parl.gc.ca/Parlinfo/Files/Parliamentarian.aspx?Item=b8c04eca-f237-48a8-8975-374ccd40d1a9&Language=E Parliamentकनाडा ofकी Canadaसंसद पर Profileप्रालेख]
* [http://www.parl.gc.ca/MembersOfParliament/ProfileMP.aspx?Key=128110&SubSubject=1005&Language=E Houseहाउस ofऑफ़ Commonsकॉमन्स Profileपर प्रालेख]
 
 
{{जस्टिन ट्रुडेउ}}
{{Navboxes|list =
{{s-start}}
{{s-ppo}}
{{s-bef|before=[[बॉब रे]]<br>{{small|कार्यवाहक}}}}
{{s-ttl|title=[[कनाडा की लिबरल पार्टी|लिबरल पार्टी]] के नेता|years=2013-presentअवलंबी}}
{{s-inc}}
<!--{{s-off}}
{{s-bef|before=[[स्टीफन हार्पर]]}}
{{s-ttl|title=[[कनाडा के प्रधानमंत्री]]|years=2015–present2015–अवलंबी}}
{{s-inc}}
-->
{{s-end}}
{{canPM}}
{{वर्तमान जी८ नेता}}
{{वर्तमान जी२० नेता}}
3,300

सम्पादन