"प्रवेशद्वार:अंतरिक्ष उड़ान/Selected biography" के अवतरणों में अंतर

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[[Image:Yuri Gagarin official portrait.jpg|thumb|right|100px|Yuri Alekseyevich Gagarin]]
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[[Neil Alden Armstrong]] (born [[August 5]], [[1930]]) is a former [[United States|American]] [[test pilot]] and [[astronaut]] who was the first man to walk on the [[Moon]].
 
[[Yuri Alekseyevich Gagarin]] ([[Russian language|Russian]]: Юрий Алексеевич Гагарин; [[March 9]], [[1934]] – [[March 27]], [[1968]]), was a [[Soviet Union|Soviet]] [[cosmonaut]] who in [[1961]] became the first human to travel into space, as well as orbit the Earth.
Armstrong was born near [[Wapakoneta, Ohio|Wapakoneta]], [[Ohio]] and in his youth became an [[Eagle Scout rank (Boy Scouts of America)|Eagle Scout]] and as an adult was recognized by the [[Boy Scouts of America]] with their [[Distinguished Eagle Scout Award]] and [[Silver Buffalo Award]].
 
Yuri Gagarin was born in [[Klushino]] near [[Gzhatsk]], a region west of Moscow, Russia, on March 9, 1934 (the town would be renamed Gagarin in 1968 to honour Yuri), and his parents worked on a collective farm.
He served in the [[Korean War]] as a U.S. Navy fighter pilot.
 
After starting an apprenticeship in a metalworks as a foundryman, Gagarin was selected for further training at a high technical school in [[Saratov]]. While there, he joined the "AeroClub", and learned to fly a light aircraft, a hobby that began to take up an increasing proportion of his time. After completing his technical schooling, he entered military flight training at the Orenburg Pilot's School. While there he met Valentina Goryacheva, whom he married in [[1957]], after gaining his pilot's wings in a [[MiG-15]]. After graduating, he was posted at an airbase in [[Murmansk]] region, near [[Norway|Norwegian border]]
 
On [[April 12]], [[1961]], Gagarin became the first human to travel into [[outer space|space]] in ''Vostok 3KA-2'' ([[Vostok 1]]). His call sign in this flight was [[Siberian Pine|Cedar]] ([[Russian language|Russian]]: Кедр). After the flight, Gagarin became an instant, worldwide celebrity, touring widely to promote the Soviet achievement. On [[March 27]], [[1968]] he was killed in a crash of a [[MiG-15]] UTI on a routine training flight near [[Kirzhach]] together with his instructor. It is uncertain what caused the crash, but a [[1986]] inquest suggests that the turbulence from a [[Su-11]] interceptor airplane using its [[Afterburner (engine)|afterburner]]s may have caused Gagarin's plane to go out of control.
 
'''[[Portal:Spaceflight/Selected biography/archive|Archive]]'''
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