"दक्षिण अफ़्रीका" के अवतरणों में अंतर

36 बैट्स् जोड़े गए ,  3 वर्ष पहले
बॉट: आंशिक लिप्यंतरण
छो (बॉट: आंशिक लिप्यंतरण)
छो (बॉट: आंशिक लिप्यंतरण)
The discovery of diamonds and later gold triggered the 19th-century conflict known as the Anglo-Boer War, as the Boers and the British fought for the control of the South African mineral wealth. Although the British defeated the Boers, they gave limited independence to South Africa in 1910 as a British dominion. Within the country, anti-British policies among white South Africans focused on independence. During the Dutch and British colonial years, racial segregation was mostly informal, though some legislation were enacted to control the settlement and movement of native people, including the Native Location Act of 1879 and the system of pass laws.[12][13][14] Power was held by the European colonists.
South Africa is known for a diversity in cultures, languages, and religious beliefs. Eleven official languages are recognised in the constitution.[9] English is the most commonly spoken language in official and commercial public life; however, it is only the fifth most-spoken home language.[9] South Africa is ethnically diverse, with the largest European, Indianभारतn, and racially mixed communities in Africa. Although 79.5% of the South African population is Black,[4] the people are from a variety of ethnic groups speaking different Bantu languages, nine of which have official status.[9] About a quarter of the population is unemployed[17] and lives on less than US$ 1.25 a day.[18]
South Africa is one of the founding members of the African Union, and has the largest economy of all the members. It is also a founding member of the Unitedसंयुक्त Nationsराष्ट्र and NEPAD. South Africa is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, ATS, Group of 77, South Atlantic Peace and Cooperation Zone, Southern African Customs Union, World Trade Organization, International Monetary Fund, G20 and G8+5.