"हेनरी स्टुअर्ट, लॉर्ड डार्न्ले" के अवतरणों में अंतर

बॉट: वर्तनी एकरूपता।
छो (बॉट: अनुभाग एकरूपता।)
छो (बॉट: वर्तनी एकरूपता।)
{{Infobox royalty
| name = हेनरी, लॉर्ड डार्न्ले
| image = Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley.jpg
| caption =
| succession = [[स्कॉटिश पटराजाओं की सूची|स्कॉटिश पटराजा]]
| reign-type = शासनकाल
| reign = 29 जुलाई 1565 – 10 फरवरी 1567
| spouse = [[मैरी १ (स्कॉटलैंड की रानी)]]<br>वि. 1565; अल. 1567
| issue = [[जेम्स ६]]
| house = [[स्टुअर्ट राजघराना]]
| father = [[मैथ्यु स्टीवर्ट, लेनॉक्स का चौथा अर्ल]]
| mother = [[मार्गरेट डगलस]]
| birth_date = {{Birth date|df=yes|1545|12|7}}
| birth_place = [[टेंपल न्युसैम]], [[यॉर्कशायर]], इंग्लैंड
| death_date = {{Death date and age|df=yes|1567|2|10|1545|12|7}}
| death_place = [[कर्क ओ-फील्ड]], एडिनबर्ग, स्कॉटलैंड
| burial_place = [[हॉलीरूड ऐबी]]
| religion = [[रोमन कैथोलिक]]
{{Main|Kirk o' Field}}
[[Image:Kirk o' Field contemporary sketch.jpg|thumb|300px|right|1567 drawing of [[Kirk o' Field]] after the murder of Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley, drawn for [[William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley|William Cecil]] shortly after the murder.]]
Darnley was murdered eight months after James's birth. On 9 February 1567, his body and that of his valet were discovered in the orchard of [[Kirk o' Field]], in Edinburgh, where they had been staying.
During the weeks leading up to his death, Darnley was recovering from a bout of [[smallpox]] (or, it has been speculated, [[syphilis]]). He was described as having deformed pocks upon his face and body. He stayed with his family in [[Glasgow]], until Mary brought him to recuperate at Old Provost's lodging at [[Kirk o' Field]], a two-storey house within the church quadrangle, a short walk from Holyrood – with the intention of incorporating him into the court again.<ref>"Mary, Mary, quite Contrary." Off Our Backs 12 February 1971: 11-. ProQuest Research Library. Web. 15 Mar 2012 .</ref> Darnley stayed at Kirk o' Field while Mary attended the wedding of [[Bastian Pagez]], one of her closest servants, at Holyrood. Around 2 am on the night of 10 February 1567, while Mary was away, two explosions rocked the foundation of Kirk o' Field. These explosions were later attributed to two barrels of gunpowder that had been placed in the small room under Darnley's sleeping quarters. Darnley's body and the body of his valet William Taylor, were found outside, surrounded by a cloak, a dagger, a chair and a coat. Darnley was dressed only in his nightshirt, suggesting he had fled in some haste from his bedchamber. Upon further examination, the bodies had no signs of injuries that could be associated with the explosion, so the blast was not considered to have killed Darnley. It was determined that the two men were killed by strangulation, believed to have taken place after the explosion. (However, modern medicine recognises that internal injuries can kill explosion victims with no sign of injury.)
Soon after Darnley's death, Bothwell and Mary left Edinburgh together. There are two points of view about the circumstances: in the first, Bothwell kidnapped the queen, took her to [[Dunbar Castle]], and raped her. In the second, Mary was a willing participant in the kidnapping, and the story of rape was a fabrication so her honour and reputation were not ruined by her marriage to a man widely suspected of murder. Mary later miscarried twins by Bothwell.
Suspicions that Mary colluded with conspirators in her husband's death or that she took no action to prevent his death were key factors in the downward spiral that led to Mary's loss of the Scottish crown. The [[Casket letters]], alleged to have been written by Mary, seemed to indicate her support for the killing. The letters were purportedly found by [[James Douglas, 4th Earl of Morton]] in Edinburgh in a silver box engraved with an F (supposedly for Francis II), along with a number of other documents, including the Mary-Bothwell marriage certificate.<ref name="MacRobert">{{cite book|last=MacRobert|first=A. E.|title=Mary, Queen of Scots and the casket letters|publisher=I.B.Tauris|year=2002|series=International Library of Historical Studies|volume=25|isbn=978-1-86064-829-8}}</ref> Before Morton's execution in 1581, he admitted having knowledge of the murder plot, and that Bothwell and Archibald Douglas were "chief actors" in Darnley's murder.<ref>The Skull and Portraits of Henry Stewart, Lord Darnley, and their Bearing on The Tragedy of Mary, Queen of Scots Karl Pearson Biometrika , Vol. 20B, No. 1 (Jul. 1928), pp. 1–104</ref>
A soldier under the pay of Bothwell, William Blackadder of the [[Clan Blackadder]], was allegedly the first non-participant to happen upon the scene, and for that reason was initially treated as a suspect. Although initially cleared of any involvement in the murder, he was offered up by the conspirators and convicted at a show trial, after which he was executed by being [[hanged, drawn and quartered]] before each of his limbs was nailed to the gates of a different Scottish town.
*पुस्तक: ''Darnley: A Life of Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley, Consort of Mary Queen of Scots'', लेखक:कैरोलीन बिंघम, भाषा: {{en}}
*पुस्तक: ''Mary, Queen of Scots and the Murder of Lord Darnley'', लेखक: [[एलिसन वेऍर (इतिहासकार)|एलिसन वेऍर]], भाषा: {{en}}
*पुस्तक: [http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/maney/nhi/2004/00000041/00000002/art00005 Macauley, Sarah, 'Lennox Crisis', in ''Northern History'' vol.41.2 (2004)], लेखक: सारा मैकाले, भाषा: {{en}}