"विंटर वार" के अवतरणों में अंतर

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{{Infobox military conflict
| conflict = Winterविंटर Warवॉर
| partof = [[Worldद्वितीय War IIविश्वयुद्ध]]
| image = Winter war.jpg
| image_size = 300px
| alt =
| caption = विन्टर वार के समय एक फ़ीनिश मशिन गनमशिनगन क्रू
| date = 30 November 1939 – 13 March 1940<br/>({{Age in years, months, weeks and days|month1=11|day1=30|year1=1939|month2=03|day2=13|year2=1940}})
| place = Easternपूर्वी [[Finlandफिनलैंड]]
| territory = Cession of the [[Gulf of Finland]] islands, [[Karelian Isthmus]], Ladoga [[Karelia]], [[Salla]], and [[Rybachy Peninsula]], and lease of [[Hanko]] to the Soviet Union
| result = <!-- See talk page; wait for consensus before changing. -->[[Moscow Peace Treaty]]<br>(See [[Winter War#Aftermath and casualties|Aftermath]])
| commander1 = {{flagicon|Finland}} '''[[Kyösti Kallio]]'''<br/> {{flagicon|Finland}} [[Risto Ryti]]<br/> {{flagicon|Finland}} '''[[Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim]]'''
| strength2 = 425,000–760,000 soldiers{{refn|<ref name="Meltiukhov2000">[[#Meltiukhov2000|Meltiukhov (2000)]]: ch. 4, Table 10</ref> 550,757 soldiers on 1 January 1940 and 760,578 soldiers by the beginning of March.<ref name="Krivo1997_63">[[#Krivo1997|Krivosheyev (1997)]], p. 63</ref> In the Leningrad Military District, 1,000,000 soldiers<ref name="Kilin1999_383">[[#Kilin1999|Kilin (1999)]], p. 383</ref> and 20 divisions one month before the war and 58 divisions two weeks before its end.<ref>[[#Manninen1994|Manninen (1994)]], p. 43</ref> |group="F"}}<br/> 2,514–6,541 tanks{{refn|At the beginning of the war the Soviets had 2,514 tanks and 718 armoured cars. The main battlefield was the Karelian Isthmus where the Soviets deployed 1,450 tanks. At the end of the war the Soviets had 6,541 tanks and 1,691 armoured cars. The most common tank type was [[T-26]], but also [[BT tank|BT]] type was very common.<ref name="Kanta1998_260">[[#Kanta1998|Kantakoski (1998)]], p. 260</ref>|group="F"}}<br />3,880 aircraft<ref>[[#Trotter2002|Trotter (2002)]], p. 187</ref>
| strength1 = 300,000–340,000 सैनिक{{refn|युद्ध की शुरुआत में, फिन के पास 300,000 सैनिक थे। फिनिश सेना के पास केवल 250,028 राइफल थे (कुल 281,594 आग्नेयास्त्रों), लेकिन
|व्हाइट strength1 = 300,000–340,000 soldiers{{refn|At the beginning of the war, the Finns had 300,000 soldiers. The Finnish army had only 250,028 riflesगार्डस (totalफिन 281,594सैनिकों firearms),का butएक [[White Guard (Finlandदस्ता)|White Guards]]युद्ध broughtके theirलिए ownअपनी riflesराइफलें (over 114,000 riflesसे अधिक राइफलों, totalकुल 116,800 firearmsआग्नेयास्त्रों) to theस्वंय war.लाये। The Finnish Army reached its maximum strength at the beginning of March 1940 with 346,000 soldiers in uniform.<ref name="Palo1999_299-300">[[#Palo1999|Palokangas (1999)]], pp. 299–300</ref><ref name="JK2005_83">[[#Juuti&Koski2005|Juutilainen & Koskimaa (2005)]], p. 83</ref>|group="F"}}<br/>32 tanks{{refn|From 1919 onwards, the Finns possessed 32 French [[Renault FT]] tanks and few lighter tanks. These were unsuitable for the war and they were subsequently used as fixed [[Bunker#Pillbox|pillboxes]]. The Finns bought 32 British [[Vickers 6-Ton]] tanks during 1936–39, but without weapons. Weapons were intended to be manufactured and installed in Finland. Only 10 tanks were fit for combat at the beginning of the conflict.<ref name="Palo1999_318">[[#Palo1999|Palokangas (1999)]], p. 318</ref>|group="F"}}<br/>114 aircraft{{refn|On 1 December 1939 the Finns had 114 combat aeroplanes fit for duty and seven aeroplanes for communication and observation purposes. Almost 100 aeroplanes were used for flight training purposes, not suitable for combat, or under repair. In total, the Finns had 173 aircraft and 43 reserve aircraft.<ref name="Peltonen">[[#Peltonen|Peltonen (1999)]]</ref>|group="F"}}
| casualties2 = 126,875–167,976 dead or missing<ref name="Krivo1997_77-78">[[#Krivo1997|Krivosheyev (1997)]], pp. 77–78</ref><ref name="Kilin2007b_91">[[#Kilin2007b|Kilin (2007b)]], p. 91</ref><ref name=autogenerated3>[[#Petrov2013|Petrov (2013)]]</ref><br />188,671–207,538 wounded<ref name="Krivo1997_77-78"/><ref name="Kilin2007b_91" /><br />5,572 [[Soviet prisoners of war in Finland|captured]]<ref name="Manninen1999b_815">[[#Manninen1999b|Manninen (1999b)]], p. 815</ref><br />1,200–3,543 tanks<ref name="Kilin1999">[[#Kilin1999|Kilin (1999)]] p. 381</ref><ref name="Kanta1998_286">[[#Kanta1998|Kantakoski (1998)]], p. 286</ref><ref name="Manninen1999b_810-811">[[#Manninen1999b|Manninen (1999b)]], pp. 810–811</ref><br />261–515 aircraft<ref name="Manninen1999b_810-811"/><ref name="Kilin1999_381">[[#Kilin1999|Kilin (1999)]], p. 381</ref><br/>'''321,000–381,000 total casualties'''
| casualties1casualties2 = 25126,904875–167,976 मृत या अज्ञात<ref name="Kur&Lent2005Krivo1997_77-78">[[#Kur&Lent2005Krivo1997|KurenmaaKrivosheyev and(1997)]], Lentiläpp. 77–78</ref><ref name="Kilin2007b_91">[[#Kilin2007b|Kilin (20052007b)]], p. 115291</ref><ref name=autogenerated3>[[#Petrov2013|Petrov (2013)]]</ref><br />43188,557671–207,538 आहत<ref name=autogenerated2"Krivo1997_77-78"/><ref name="Kilin2007b_91" /><br />5,572 युद्ध बन्दी<ref name="Manninen1999b_815">[[#Lent&Juuti1999Manninen1999b|Lentilä and JuutilainenManninen (19991999b)]], p. 821815</ref><br />800–11,100200–3,543 ्युद्ध बन्दीटैंक<ref name="Malmi1999_792Kilin1999">[[#Malmi1999Kilin1999|MalmiKilin (1999)]], p. 792381</ref><brref name="Kanta1998_286">[[#Kanta1998|Kantakoski (1998)]], p. 286</ref>20–30<ref tanksname="Manninen1999b_810-811">[[#Manninen1999b|Manninen (1999b)]], pp. 810–811</ref><br />62261–515 aircraftयुद्ध-विमान<ref name="Tillo1993_160Manninen1999b_810-811"/><ref name="Kilin1999_381">[[#Kilin1999|Kilin (1999)]], p. 381</ref><br/>'''70321,000–381,000 कुल मृत'''
| casualties1 = 25,904 मृत या अज्ञात<ref name="Kur&Lent2005">[[#Kur&Lent2005|Kurenmaa and Lentilä (2005)]], p. 1152</ref><br />43,557 आहत<ref name=autogenerated2>[[#Lent&Juuti1999|Lentilä and Juutilainen (1999)]], p. 821</ref><br />800–1,100 युद्ध बन्दी<ref name="Malmi1999_792">[[#Malmi1999|Malmi (1999)]], p. 792</ref><br/>20–30 टैंक <br/>62 युद्ध-विमान<ref name="Tillo1993_160"/><br/>'''70,000 कुल मृत'''
}}
 
'''विंटर वॉर'''{{refn| ({{lang-fi|talvisota}}, {{lang-sv|vinterkriget}}, {{lang-rus|Зи́мняя война́|r=Zimnyaya voyna}}.), '''सोवियत - फीनिश युद्ध 1939–1940''' ({{lang-ru|link=no|Сове́тско-финская война́ 1939–1940}}) एवं '''सोवियत - फ़िनलैण्ड युद्ध 1939–1940''' ({{lang-ru|link=no|Сове́тско-финляндская война́ 1939–1940}}) प्रायः रूसी इतिहास;<ref>[[#Baryshnikov2005|Baryshnikov (2005)]]</ref><ref>[[#Kovalyov2006|Kovalyov (2006)]]</ref><ref>[[#Shirokorad2001|Shirokorad (2001)]]</ref> '''रूसो-फीनिश युद्ध 1939–1940''' या '''फीनो-रूसी युद्ध 1939–1940''' तत्कालीन [[सोवियत संघ]] एवं [[फिनलैण्ड]] के बीच चला १९३९ से १९४० तक का साढ़े तीन माह लम्बा युद्ध था। यह युद्ध फिनलैण्ड पर द्वितीय विश्व युद्ध के साढ़े तीन माह बाद ३० नवंबर १९३९ को सोवियत संघ द्वाआ फ़िनलैण्ड पर की गई चढ़आई से आरम्भ हुआ था और इसका अन्त मॉस्को शान्ति समझौते से १३ मार्च १९४० को हुआ था। The war began with the Soviet invasion of Finland on 30 November 1939, which was three months after the outbreak of [[World War II]], and ended with the [[Moscow Peace Treaty]] on 13 March 1940. The [[League of Nations]] deemed the attack illegal and expelled the Soviet Union from the League.
<references group="F" />
 
==सन्दर्भ==
 
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[[श्रेणी:रूस के युद्ध]]
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