"न्यूज़ीलैण्ड" के अवतरणों में अंतर

4,950 बैट्स् जोड़े गए ,  1 वर्ष पहले
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(चक्रबोट द्वारा सम्पादित संस्करण 3623599 पर पूर्ववत किया: मूल शोध हटाया। (ट्विंकल))
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{{Infobox country
| conventional_long_name = New Zealand
| native_name = {{native name|mi|Aotearoa}}
| common_name = New Zealand
| image_flag = Flag of New Zealand.svg
| alt_flag = Blue field with the Union Flag in the top right corner, and four red stars with white borders to the right.
| image_coat = Coat of Arms of New Zealand.svg
| alt_coat = A quartered shield, flanked by two figures, topped with a crown.
| image_map = NZL_orthographic NaturalEarth.svg
| alt_map = A map of the hemisphere centred on New Zealand, using an orthographic projection.
| map_caption = Location of New Zealand, including outlying islands, its [[Ross Dependency|territorial claim in the Antarctic]], and [[Tokelau]]
| map_width = 250px
| other_symbol = {{unbulleted list
| "[[God Defend New Zealand]]"<br />{{lower|0.2em|[[File:New Zealand national anthem, performed by the United States Navy Band.wav|center]]}}
| <!---Do not remove "God Save The Queen" as a national anthem (see http://www.mch.govt.nz/anthem/index.html):--->{{lower|0.2em|"[[God Save the Queen]]"{{refn|1="God Save the Queen" is officially a national anthem but is generally used only on regal and viceregal occasions.<ref>{{cite web| url=http://www.mch.govt.nz/nz-identity-heritage/national-anthems/protocols |title=Protocol for using New Zealand's National Anthems |publisher=[[Ministry for Culture and Heritage]] |accessdate=17 February 2008}}</ref>|group=n}}<!--end lower:-->}}
}}
| other_symbol_type = [[National anthems of New Zealand|Anthems]]:
| capital = [[Wellington]]
| coordinates = {{Coord|41|17|S|174|27|E|type:city}}
| largest_city = [[Auckland]]
| official_languages = {{ublist |item_style=white-space:nowrap;
| [[New Zealand English|English]]{{refn|1=English is a ''de facto'' official language due to its widespread use.<ref>{{cite report |author=New Zealand Government |title=International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights Fifth Periodic Report of the Government of New Zealand |date=21 December 2007 |url=http://www.mfat.govt.nz/downloads/humanrights/5th-ICCPR-report.pdf |page=89 |quote=In addition to the Māori language, New Zealand Sign Language is also an official language of New Zealand. The New Zealand Sign Language Act 2006 permits the use of NZSL in legal proceedings, facilitates competency standards for its interpretation and guides government departments in its promotion and use. English, the medium for teaching and learning in most schools, is a de facto official language by virtue of its widespread use. For these reasons, these three languages have special mention in the New Zealand Curriculum.|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20150124193521/http://mfat.govt.nz/downloads/humanrights/5th-ICCPR-report.pdf|archivedate=24 January 2015|accessdate=18 November 2015}}</ref>|group=n}}
|[[Māori language|Māori]]
|[[New Zealand Sign Language|NZ Sign Language]]
}}
| ethnic_groups = {{ublist |item_style=white-space:nowrap;
| 74.0% [[European New Zealanders|European]]{{refn|1=Ethnicity figures add to more than 100% as people could choose more than one ethnic group. |name="ethnicity"|group=n}}
| 14.9% [[Māori people|Māori]]
| 11.8% [[Asian New Zealanders|Asian]]
| 7.4% [[Pacific Islander|Pacific peoples]]
| 1.2% [[Middle Eastern people|ME]]/[[Latin Americans|LA]]/[[African New Zealanders|African]]
| 1.7% Other<ref name="QuickStats_ethnicity" />
}}
| ethnic_groups_year = [[2013 New Zealand census|2013]]
| demonym = [[New Zealanders|New Zealander]]<br/>{{nowrap|[[Kiwi (people)|Kiwi]] (informal)}}
| government_type = [[Unitary state|Unitary]] [[Parliamentary system|parliamentary]] [[constitutional monarchy]]
| leader_title1 = [[Monarchy of New Zealand|Monarch]]
| leader_name1 = [[Elizabeth II]]
| leader_title2 = {{nowrap|[[Governor-General of New Zealand|Governor-General]]}}
| leader_name2 = [[Patsy Reddy|Dame Patsy Reddy]]
| leader_title3 = [[Prime Minister of New Zealand|Prime Minister]]
| leader_name3 = [[Jacinda Ardern]]
| legislature = [[New Zealand Parliament|Parliament]]<br/>([[New Zealand House of Representatives|House of Representatives]])
| sovereignty_type = [[Independence of New Zealand|Stages of independence]]
| sovereignty_note = from the [[United Kingdom]]
| established_event1 = {{nowrap|[[Sewell Ministry, 1856|Responsible government]]}}
| established_date1 = 7 May 1856
| established_event2 = {{nowrap|[[Dominion of New Zealand|Dominion]]}}
| established_date2 = 26 September 1907
| established_event3 = [[Statute of Westminster Adoption Act 1947|Statute of Westminster adopted]]
| established_date3 = 25 November 1947
| area_rank = 75th
| area_km2 = 268,021
| area_sq_mi = 103,483 <!--Do not remove per [[WP:MOSNUM]]-->
| percent_water = 1.6{{refn|1=The proportion of New Zealand's area (excluding estuaries) covered by rivers, lakes and ponds, based on figures from the New Zealand Land Cover Database,<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.mfe.govt.nz/issues/land/land-cover-dbase/index.html |title=The New Zealand Land Cover Database |work=New Zealand Land Cover Database 2 |publisher=[[Ministry for the Environment (New Zealand)|Ministry for the Environment]] |date=1 July 2009 |accessdate=26 April 2011}}</ref> is (357526 + 81936) / (26821559 – 92499–26033 – 19216) = 1.6%. If estuarine open water, mangroves, and herbaceous saline vegetation are included, the figure is 2.2%.|group=n}}
| population_estimate = {{formatnum:{{data New Zealand|poptoday}}}}<ref name="populationestimate">{{cite web|url=http://www.stats.govt.nz/tools_and_services/population_clock.aspx|title=Population clock|publisher=[[Statistics New Zealand]]|accessdate=14 April 2016}} The population estimate shown is automatically calculated daily at 00:00 UTC and is based on data obtained from the population clock on the date shown in the citation.</ref>
| population_estimate_year = {{currentmonth}} {{currentyear}}
| population_estimate_rank = 120th
| population_census = 4,242,048
| population_census_year = 2013
| population_density_km2 = {{Decimals|{{formatnum:{{NZ population data||y}}|R}}/268021|1}}
| population_density_sq_mi = {{Decimals|{{formatnum:{{NZ population data||y}}|R}}/103483|1}} <!--Do not remove per [[WP:MOSNUM]]-->
| population_density_rank = 203rd
| GDP_PPP = $199 billion<ref name=imf2>{{cite web |url=https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2018/02/weodata/weorept.aspx?sy=2018&ey=2023&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&pr1.x=45&pr1.y=1&c=196&s=NGDPD%2CPPPGDP%2CNGDPDPC%2CPPPPC&grp=0&a=|title=New Zealand |publisher=International Monetary Fund |accessdate= 9 October 2018}}</ref>
| GDP_PPP_rank =
| GDP_PPP_year = 2018
| GDP_PPP_per_capita = $40,266<ref name="imf2"/>
| GDP_PPP_per_capita_rank =
| GDP_nominal = $206 billion<ref name="imf2"/>
| GDP_nominal_rank =
| GDP_nominal_year = 2018
| GDP_nominal_per_capita = $41,616<ref name="imf2"/>
| GDP_nominal_per_capita_rank =
| Gini_year = 2014
| Gini_change = <!--increase/decrease/steady-->
| Gini = 33.0 <!--number only-->
| Gini_ref = <ref>{{cite web|title=Income inequality|url=http://www.stats.govt.nz/browse_for_stats/snapshots-of-nz/nz-social-indicators/Home/Standard%20of%20living/income-inequality.aspx#anchor26|publisher=Statistics New Zealand|accessdate=14 June 2015}}</ref>
| Gini_rank = 22nd
| HDI_year = 2017<!-- Please use the year to which the data refers, not the publication year-->
| HDI_change = increase<!--increase/decrease/steady-->
| HDI = 0.917 <!--number only-->
| HDI_ref = <ref name="HDI">{{cite web|url=http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/2018_human_development_statistical_update.pdf |title= Human Development Report 2018|publisher=[[Human Development Report|HDRO (Human Development Report Office)]] [[United Nations Development Programme]]|page=22 |accessdate=14 September 2018}}</ref>
| HDI_rank = 16th
| currency = [[New Zealand dollar]] ($)
| currency_code = NZD
| iso3166code = NZ
| time_zone = [[Time in New Zealand|NZST]]{{refn|1=The Chatham Islands have a [[Chatham Standard Time Zone|separate time zone]], 45 minutes ahead of the rest of New Zealand.|group=n}}
| utc_offset = +12
| time_zone_DST = [[Time in New Zealand|NZDT]]{{refn|Clocks are advanced by an hour from the last Sunday in September until the first Sunday in April.<ref>{{cite web|title=New Zealand Daylight Time Order 2007 (SR 2007/185)|url=http://www.legislation.govt.nz/regulation/public/2007/0185/latest/whole.html|publisher=New Zealand Parliamentary Counsel Office|accessdate=6 March 2017|language=en-NZ|date=6 July 2007}}</ref> Daylight saving time is also observed in the Chatham Islands, an additional 45 minutes ahead.|group=n}}
| utc_offset_DST = +13
| date_format = dd/mm/yyyy
| drives_on = [[Right- and left-hand traffic#New Zealand|left]]
| calling_code = [[+64]]
| cctld = [[.nz]]
}}
 
'''न्यूज़ीलैंड''' प्रशान्त महासागर में [[ऑस्ट्रेलिया]] के पास स्थित देश है। ये दो बड़े द्वीपों से बना है।
 
{| style="margin: 0 0 1em 1em;" border="1" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="0" align="right" width="300px"
|+<font size="+1">'''न्यूज़ीलैंड'''</font><br />
<font size="+1">'''Aotearoa'''</font>
|-
| style="background:#efefef;" align="center" colspan=2 |
{| border="0" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="0"
|-
| align="center" width="140px" | [[चित्र:Flag of New Zealand.svg|125px|न्यूजीलैंड का झन्डा]]
| align="center" width="140px" rowspan="2" | [[चित्र:Coat of arms of New Zealand.svg|150px|New Zealand - Coat of Arms]]
|-
| align="center" width="140px" | ([[Flag of New Zealand|विस्तार में]])
|}
|-
| align="center" colspan=2 style="border-bottom:3px solid gray;" | <font size="-1"></font>
|-
| align=center colspan=2 | [[चित्र:LocationNewZealand.png]]
|-
| आधिकारिक भाषाएँ
| [[न्यूजीलैंड अन्ग्रेज़ी|अन्ग्रेज़ी]], [[माओरी भाषा]], [[New Zealand Sign Language|NZSL]]
|-
| [[राजधानी]]
| [[वेलिंग्टन]]
|-
| सबसे बड़ा शहर
| [[औकलेन्ड]]
|-
| [[न्यूजीलैंड की रानी|रानी]]
| [[युनायटेड किन्गडम की एलिज़बेथ द्वितीय|एलिज़ाबेथ द्वितीय]]
|-
| [[न्यूजीलैंड के गवर्नर जेनरल|गवर्नर जेनरल]]
| [[सिल्विया कार्टराय्ट|डेम सिल्विया कार्टराय्ट]]
|-
| [[न्यूजीलैंड के प्रधान मन्त्री|प्रधान मन्त्री]]
| [[हेलेन क्लार्क]]
|-
| [[क्षेत्रफ़ल]]<br />&nbsp;- पूरा <br />&nbsp;- % पानी
| [[क्षेत्रफ़ल के अनुसार देशों की सूची|७३वे स्थान पर]] <br /> २६८,६८०&nbsp;km&sup2 <br /> नहीं के बराबर
|-
| [[जनसन्ख्या]]<br />&nbsp;- पूरी ([[२००४]])<br />&nbsp;- [[Density]]
| [[जनसन्ख्या के अनुसार देशों की सूची|१२०वे स्थान पर]]<br /> ४,०६१,३०० <br /> १५/km²
|-
| [[आज़ादी]]<br />&nbsp;- तारीख
| [[युनायटेड किन्गडम|यू के]] से <br />[[सितम्बर २६]], [[१९०७]]
|-
| [[Gross Domestic Product|GDP]] (PPP) <br />&nbsp;- Total ([[2003]]) <br />&nbsp;- GDP/head </td><td>[[GDP के अनुसार देशों की सूची|४५वे स्थान पर]]<br />$८,५०० करोड<br />$२१,६०० </td></tr>
|-
| [[मुद्रा]]
| [[न्यूजीलैंड डॉलर]] (NZD)
|-
| [[Time zones]]<sup>1</sup>
| [[UTC]] +12 NZST <br />[[UTC]] +13 NZDT (Oct-Mar)
|-
| [[राष्ट्रगान]] <!-- NOTE: New Zealand does have two national anthems. See http://www.mch.govt.nz/anthem/-->
| ''[[गोड डिफ़ेन्ड न्यूजीलैंड]]''<br />''[[गोड सेव ध क्वीन]]<sup>2</sup>
|-
| [[राष्ट्रीय फूल]]
| ''[[कोव्हाय]]''
|-
| [[Top-level domain|Internet TLD]]
| [[.nz]]
|-
| [[List of country calling codes|Calling Code]]
| +64
|-
| colspan="2" align="left" | ('''1''') [[Chatham Islands]] are 45 minutes ahead of New Zealand
|-
| colspan="2" align="left" | ('''2''') God Save The Queen is officially a national anthem but is rarely used as such in practice
|-
|}
 
'''न्यूजीलैंड''' (माओरी भाषा में: Aotearoa आओटेआरोआ) दक्षिण पश्चिमि [[पेसिफ़िक ओशन]] में दो बड़े द्वीप और [[न्यूजीलैंड के द्वीप|अन्य कई छोटे द्वीपों]] से बना एक देश है।