"सदस्य:फ़िलप्रो/भारतीय राज्यों की भाषाएँ" के अवतरणों में अंतर

1971
(→‎गोवा और दमन और दीव: दमण से दमन वापस)
टैग: मोबाइल संपादन मोबाइल वेब सम्पादन
(1971)
{| class="wikitable floatright"
== भारत ==
|+ भारत की भाषाएँ
 
{| class="wikitable"
|-
!|भाषाएँ<ref name="2011जनगणना">{{cite web |url=http://www.censusindia.gov.in/2011Census/C-16_25062018_NEW.pdf |title=Paper 1 of 2018 Language |publisher=भारत की जनगणना |format=PDF |accessdate=5 जून 2018}}</ref>
!|2011
!|1971
|-
! [[हिन्दी]]<br>([[मैथिली भाषा|मैथिली]] के बिना)
| 43.63%
| 41.03%
| 39.29%
| 38.74%
| 36.99%<br>(मैथिली सहित: 38%)
| 36.99%
|-
! [[बंगाली भाषा|बंगाली]]
!|1991<ref name="1991जनगणना">{{cite web |url=http://nclm.nic.in/shared/linkimages/6.zip |title=Thirty-eight Report of the Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities in India (For the period July, 1999 to June, 2000) |publisher=Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities, Ministry of Minority Affairs, Government of India |format=PDF |accessdate=5 सितम्बर 2017}}</ref>
!|1981<ref name="Mehrotra1990">{{cite book|author=Raja R. Mehrotra|title=Nehru: Man Among Men|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=e4_O8ZlGzkEC|date=1 January 1990|publisher=Mittal Publications|isbn=978-81-7099-196-0}}</ref>
!|1971<ref name="Kapoor1994">{{cite book|author=Kapil Kapoor|title=Language, Linguistics, and Literature, the Indian Perspective|url=https://books.google.ca/books?id=_UiuFnCwLD8C|date=1994|publisher=Academic Foundation|isbn=8171880649}}</ref>
|-
! [[बंगाली भाषा|बंगाली]]
| 23.05%
| 24.68%
| —
|-
! [[हिन्दी]]
| 17.62%
| —
| 16.07%{{efn|name=fn2|1971 और पहले, मैथिली सहित।}}
|-
! [[तमिल भाषा|तमिल]]
| 17.68%
| 19.07%
| —
| —
|-
| 12.81%
| 11.75%
| —
| —
|-
! [[निकोबारी भाषाएँ|निकोबारी]]
| 7.60%
| —
| —
| —
| 28.51%
| 75.32%
| 83.93%
|}
 
 
== असम ==
 
=== असम (अरुणाचल प्रदेश, मिजोरम, मेघालय सहित) (1971) ===
 
{| class="wikitable"
|-
!|भाषाएँ
!|1971<ref name="Kapoor1994"/>
|-
! [[असमिया भाषा|असमिया]]
| —
|-
! [[बंगाली भाषा|बंगाली]]
| —
|-
! [[बोड़ो भाषा|बोड़ो]]
| —
|-
! [[हिन्दी]]
| 5.34%{{efn|name=fn2}}
|-
! अन्य भाषाएँ{{efn|name=fn1}}
| 94.662%
|}
 
=== असम (1981–2011) ===
 
{| class="wikitable"
!|1991<ref name="1991जनगणना"/>
!|1981<ref name="Mehrotra1990"/>
!|1971<ref name="Kapoor1994"/>
|-
! [[तेलुगु भाषा|तेलुगु]]
| 84.77%
| 85.13%
| —
|-
! [[उर्दू भाषा|उर्दू]]
| 8.63%
| 8.36%
| —
| —
|-
| 2.77%
| —
| 2.28%{{efn|name=fn2}}
|-
! [[तमिल भाषा|तमिल]]
| 1.01%
| 1.13%
| —
| —
|-
| 2.97%
| 14.87%
| 97.72%
|}
 
== उत्तर प्रदेश और उत्तराखण्ड ==
 
=== उत्तर प्रदेश (उत्तराखण्ड सहित) (1981–19911971–1991) ===
 
{| class="wikitable"
!|1991<ref name="1991जनगणना"/>
!|1981<ref name="Mehrotra1990"/>
!|1971<ref name="Kapoor1994"/>
|-
! [[हिन्दी]]
| 90.11%
| 89.68%
| 88.54%{{efn|name=fn2}}
|-
! [[उर्दू भाषा|उर्दू]]
| 8.98%
| —
| —
|-
| 0.91%
| 10.32%
| 11.46%
|}
 
|}
 
=== उत्तराखण्ड (2001–2011) ===
 
{| class="wikitable"
!|1991<ref name="1991जनगणना"/>
!|1981<ref name="Mehrotra1990"/>
!|1971<ref name="Kapoor1994"/>
|-
! [[कन्नड़ भाषा|कन्नड़]]
| 66.22%
| 65.69%
| —
|-
! [[उर्दू भाषा|उर्दू]]
| 10.48%
| 9.96%
| —
| —
|-
| 7.00%
| 7.39%
| —
| —
|-
| 3.55%
| 3.84%
| —
| —
|-
| 3.65%
| —
| —
|-
! [[हिन्दी]]
| —
| —
| —
| —
| 2.02%{{efn|name=fn2}}
|-
! अन्य भाषाएँ{{efn|name=fn1}}
| 8.94%
| 34.31%
| 97.98%
|}
 
!|1991<ref name="1991जनगणना"/>
!|1981<ref name="Mehrotra1990"/>
!|1971<ref name="Kapoor1994"/>
|-
! [[गुजराती भाषा|गुजराती]]
| 91.49%
| 90.73%
| —
|-
! [[हिन्दी]]
| 2.94%
| —
| 5.01%{{efn|name=fn2}}
|-
! [[सिन्धी भाषा|सिन्धी]]
| 1.89%
| 1.70%
| —
| —
|-
| 1.51%
| 1.37%
| —
| —
|-
| 1.37%
| 4.75%
| —
| —
| —
| 2.50%
| 9.27%
| 94.99%
|}
 
== गोवा और दमन और दीव ==
 
=== गोवा, दमन और दीव (1981) ===
| 5.05%
| 3.90%
|}
 
=== दमन और दीव (1991–2011) ===
 
{| class="wikitable"
|-
!|भाषाएँ
!|2011<ref name="2011जनगणना"/>
!|2001<ref name="2001जनगणना"/>
!|1991<ref name="1991जनगणना"/>
|-
! [[गुजराती भाषा|गुजराती]]
| 50.83%
| 67.69%
| 91.13%
|-
! [[हिन्दी]]
| 36.31%
| 19.44%
| 3.59%
|-
! [[मराठी भाषा|मराठी]]
| 4.53%
| 4.27%
| 1.24%
|-
! [[बंगाली भाषा|बंगाली]]
| 2.15%
| —
| —
|-
! [[ओड़िआ भाषा|ओड़िआ]]
| 1.82%
| —
| —
|-
! अन्य भाषाएँ{{efn|name=fn1}}
| 4.36%
| 8.59%
| 4.04%
|}
 
!|1991<ref name="1991जनगणना"/>
!|1981<ref name="Mehrotra1990"/>
!|1971<ref name="Kapoor1994"/>
|-
! [[हिन्दी]]
| 61.07%
| 55.11%
| 55.96%{{efn|name=fn2}}
|-
! [[पंजाबी भाषा|पंजाबी]]
| 27.89%
| 34.72%
| —
| —
|-
| 1.00%
| 0.81%
| —
| —
| —
! [[नेपाली भाषा|नेपाली]]
| 0.62%
| —
| —
| —
! [[बंगाली भाषा|बंगाली]]
| 0.59%
| —
| —
| —
| 4.21%
| 44.89%
| 44.04%
|}
 
== छत्तीसगढ़ ==
 
{| class="wikitable"
|-
!|भाषाएँ
!|2011<ref name="2011जनगणना"/>
!|2001<ref name="2001जनगणना"/>
|-
! [[हिन्दी]]
| 83.62%
| 82.61%
|-
! [[गोंडी भाषा|गोंडी]]
| 4.19%
| 4.29%
|-
! [[ओड़िआ भाषा|ओड़िआ]]
| 3.58%
| 3.93%
|-
! [[हल्बी भाषा|हल्बी]]
| 2.76%
| 2.62%
|-
! [[कुड़ुख़ भाषा|कुड़ुख़]]
| 2.02%
| 2.13%
|-
! अन्य भाषाएँ{{efn|name=fn1}}
| 3.83%
| 4.42%
|}
 
!|1991<ref name="1991जनगणना"/>
!|1981<ref name="Mehrotra1990"/>
!|1971<ref name="Kapoor1994"/>
|-
! [[कश्मीरी भाषा|कश्मीरी]]
| 52.29%
| 52.73%
| —
|-
! [[हिन्दी]]
| 17.32%
| —
| 15.07%{{efn|name=fn2}}
|-
! [[डोगरी भाषा|डोगरी]]
| 21.74%
| 24.39%
| —
| —
|-
| 1.88%
| 2.84%
| —
| —
|-
! [[भोटिया]]
| 0.86%
| —
| —
| —
| 1.95%
| 47.27%
| 84.93%
|}
 
== झारखण्ड ==
 
{| class="wikitable"
|-
!|भाषाएँ
!|2011<ref name="2011जनगणना"/>
!|2001<ref name="2001जनगणना"/>
|-
! [[हिन्दी]]
| 61.95%
| 57.56%
|-
! [[संथाली भाषा|संथाली]]
| 9.91%
| 10.69%
|-
! [[बंगाली भाषा|बंगाली]]
| 9.74%
| 9.68%
|-
! [[उर्दू भाषा|उर्दू]]
| 5.96%
| 8.63%
|-
! [[हो भाषा|हो]]
| 3.01%
| —
|-
! अन्य भाषाएँ{{efn|name=fn1}}
| 9.43%
| 13.44%
|}
 
| 4.95%
| 30.41%
|}
 
== दमन और दीव ==
 
{| class="wikitable"
|-
!|भाषाएँ
!|2011<ref name="2011जनगणना"/>
!|2001<ref name="2001जनगणना"/>
!|1991<ref name="1991जनगणना"/>
|-
! [[गुजराती भाषा|गुजराती]]
| 50.83%
| 67.69%
| 91.13%
|-
! [[हिन्दी]]
| 36.31%
| 19.44%
| 3.59%
|-
! [[मराठी भाषा|मराठी]]
| 4.53%
| 4.27%
| 1.24%
|-
! [[बंगाली भाषा|बंगाली]]
| 2.15%
| —
| —
|-
! [[ओड़िआ भाषा|ओड़िआ]]
| 1.82%
| —
| —
|-
! अन्य भाषाएँ{{efn|name=fn1}}
| 4.36%
| 8.59%
| 4.04%
|}
 
!|1991<ref name="1991जनगणना"/>
!|1981<ref name="Mehrotra1990"/>
!|1971<ref name="Kapoor1994"/>
|-
! [[पंजाबी भाषा|पंजाबी]]
| 92.22%
| 84.88%
| —
|-
! [[हिन्दी]]
| 7.29%
| —
| 20.10%{{efn|name=fn2}}
|-
! [[उर्दू भाषा|उर्दू]]
| 0.10%
| 0.11%
| —
| —
| —
| 0.10%
| 0.08%
| —
| —
| —
| 0.08%
| 0.08%
| —
| —
| —
| 0.49%
| 15.12%
| 79.9%
|}
 
!|1991<ref name="1991जनगणना"/>
!|1981<ref name="Mehrotra1990"/>
!|1971<ref name="Kapoor1994"/>
|-
! [[बंगाली भाषा|बंगाली]]
| 85.99%
| 86.34%
| —
|-
! [[हिन्दी]]
| 6.58%
| —
| 6.13%{{efn|name=fn2}}
|-
! [[संथाली भाषा|संथाली]]
| 2.80%
| 2.73%
| —
| —
|-
| 2.06%
| 2.14%
| —
| —
|-
| 1.28%
| 1.26%
| —
| —
|-
| 1.30%
| 13.66%
| 93.87%
|}
 
|}
 
== बिहार और झारखण्ड ==
 
=== बिहार (झारखण्ड सहित) (1981–19911971–1991) ===
 
{| class="wikitable"
!|1991<ref name="1991जनगणना"/>
!|1981<ref name="Mehrotra1990"/>
!|1971<ref name="Kapoor1994"/>
|-
! [[हिन्दी]] ([[मैथिली भाषा|मैथिली]] सहित)
| 80.86%
| 80.17%
| 79.77%{{efn|name=fn2}}
|-
! [[उर्दू भाषा|उर्दू]]
| 9.89%
| —
| —
|-
! [[संथाली भाषा|संथाली]]
| 2.95%
| —
| —
|-
! [[बंगाली भाषा|बंगाली]]
| 2.92%
| —
| —
|-
| 3.38%
| 19.83%
| 20.23%
|}
 
| 0.29%
| 0.76%
|}
 
=== झारखण्ड (2001–2011) ===
 
{| class="wikitable"
|-
!|भाषाएँ
!|2011<ref name="2011जनगणना"/>
!|2001<ref name="2001जनगणना"/>
|-
! [[हिन्दी]]
| 61.95%
| 57.56%
|-
! [[संथाली भाषा|संथाली]]
| 9.91%
| 10.69%
|-
! [[बंगाली भाषा|बंगाली]]
| 9.74%
| 9.68%
|-
! [[उर्दू भाषा|उर्दू]]
| 5.96%
| 8.63%
|-
! [[हो भाषा|हो]]
| 3.01%
| —
|-
! अन्य भाषाएँ{{efn|name=fn1}}
| 9.43%
| 13.44%
|}
 
|}
 
== मध्य प्रदेश और छत्तीसगढ़ ==
 
=== मध्य प्रदेश (छत्तीसगढ़ सहित) (1981–19911971–1991) ===
 
{| class="wikitable"
!|1991<ref name="1991जनगणना"/>
!|1981<ref name="Mehrotra1990"/>
!|1971<ref name="Kapoor1994"/>
|-
! [[हिन्दी]]
| 85.55%
| 84.37%
| 83.30%{{efn|name=fn2}}
|-
! [[भीली भाषा|भीली]]
| 3.35%
| —
| —
|-
! [[गोंडी भाषा|गोंडी]]
| 2.24%
| —
| —
|-
! [[मराठी भाषा|मराठी]]
| 1.94%
| —
| —
|-
! [[उर्दू भाषा|उर्दू]]
| 1.86%
| —
| —
|-
| 5.06%
| 15.63%
| 16.7%
|}
 
| 1.93%
| 2.22%
|}
 
=== छत्तीसगढ़ (2001–2011) ===
 
{| class="wikitable"
|-
!|भाषाएँ
!|2011<ref name="2011जनगणना"/>
!|2001<ref name="2001जनगणना"/>
|-
! [[हिन्दी]]
| 83.62%
| 82.61%
|-
! [[गोंडी भाषा|गोंडी]]
| 4.19%
| 4.29%
|-
! [[ओड़िआ भाषा|ओड़िआ]]
| 3.58%
| 3.93%
|-
! [[हल्बी भाषा|हल्बी]]
| 2.76%
| 2.62%
|-
! [[कुड़ुख़ भाषा|कुड़ुख़]]
| 2.02%
| 2.13%
|-
! अन्य भाषाएँ{{efn|name=fn1}}
| 3.83%
| 4.42%
|}
 
!|1991<ref name="1991जनगणना"/>
!|1981<ref name="Mehrotra1990"/>
!|1971<ref name="Kapoor1994"/>
|-
! [[मराठी भाषा|मराठी]]
| 73.34%
| 73.62%
| —
|-
! [[हिन्दी]]
| 7.81%
| —
| 5.02%{{efn|name=fn2}}
|-
! [[उर्दू भाषा|उर्दू]]
| 7.12%
| 7.26%
| —
| —
|-
| 2.39%
| 2.55%
| —
| —
|-
| —
| 1.42%
| —
| —
|-
| 7.62%
| 26.38%
| 94.98%
|}
 
!|1991<ref name="1991जनगणना"/>
!|1981<ref name="Mehrotra1990"/>
!|1971<ref name="Kapoor1994"/>
|-
! [[हिन्दी]]
| 89.56%
| 89.89%
| 91.73%{{efn|name=fn2}}
|-
! [[भीली भाषा|भीली]]
| 4.60%
| 5.13%
| —
| —
|-
| 2.01%
| 1.90%
| —
| —
|-
| 1.17%
| 2.17%
| —
| —
|-
| 1.24%
| 10.11%
| 8.27%
|}
 
!|1991<ref name="1991जनगणना"/>
!|1981<ref name="Mehrotra1990"/>
!|1971<ref name="Kapoor1994"/>
|-
! [[हिन्दी]]
| 81.64%
| 76.29%
| 75.79%{{efn|name=fn2}}
|-
! [[पंजाबी भाषा|पंजाबी]]
| 7.14%
| 7.94%
| —
| —
|-
| 6.31%
| 5.45%
| —
| —
|-
| 1.50%
| 1.29%
| —
| —
|-
| 3.68%
| 23.71%
| 24.21%
|}
 
!|1991<ref name="1991जनगणना"/>
!|1981<ref name="Mehrotra1990"/>
!|1971<ref name="Kapoor1994"/>
|-
! [[हिन्दी]]
| 91.00%
| 88.77%
| 89.42%{{efn|name=fn2}}
|-
! [[पंजाबी भाषा|पंजाबी]]
| 10.57%
| 7.11%
| —
| —
|-
| 1.23%
| 1.59%
| —
| —
|-
| 0.28%
| 0.19%
| —
| —
| —
! [[मैथिली भाषा|मैथिली]]
| 0.10%
| —
| —
| —
| 0.30%
| 11.23%
| 10.58%
|}
 
!|1991<ref name="1991जनगणना"/>
!|1981<ref name="Mehrotra1990"/>
!|1971<ref name="Kapoor1994"/>
|-
! [[हिन्दी]]
| 88.87%
| 88.95%
| 86.87%{{efn|name=fn2}}
|-
! [[पंजाबी भाषा|पंजाबी]]
| 5.99%
| 6.28%
| —
| —
|-
| 1.30%
| 1.16%
| —
| —
| —
| 1.06%
| 1.19%
| —
| —
|-
! [[कश्मीरी भाषा|कश्मीरी]]
| 0.83%
| —
| —
| —
| 3.66%
| 11.05%
| 13.13%
|}
 
1,092

सम्पादन