"पूर्व जर्मनी" के अवतरणों में अंतर

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{{Expand English|East Germany|date=अप्रैल 2016}}
{{Infobox country
[[File:East_Germany_1956-1990.svg|thumb|[[यूरोप]] में पूर्व जर्मनी की स्थिति]]
| native_name = {{native name|de|Deutsche Demokratische Republik}}
| conventional_long_name = जर्मन लोकतांत्रिक गणराज्य
| common_name = पूर्व जर्मनी
| status = Member of the [[Warsaw Pact]] (1955–1989)<br />[[Satellite state]] of the [[Soviet Union]] (1949–1989)<!--<br />[[Warsaw Pact]] member (1955–1990)<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.britannica.com/event/Warsaw-Pact|date=|accessdate=6 March 2018|title=Warsaw Pact|publisher=Encyclopedia Britannica}}</ref><br />Member of [[Comecon]] (1950–1990)<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.encyclopedia.com/social-sciences-and-law/political-science-and-government/international-organizations/council-mutual|publisher=Encyclopedia.com|accessdate=6 March 2018|title=Council for Mutual Economic Assistance}}</ref>-->
| year_start = 1949
| year_end = 1990
| life_span = 1949–1990
| event_start = [[Constitution of East Germany#1949 constitution|Constitution adopted]]
| date_start = 7 October
| event_end = [[German reunification|Reunification]]
| date_end = 3 October
| event1 = [[Uprising of 1953 in East Germany|Uprising of 1953]]
| date_event1 = 16 June 1953
| event2 = [[Berlin Crisis of 1961|Berlin Crisis]]
| date_event2 = 4 June 1961
| event3 = Admitted to the [[United Nations]]
| date_event3 = 18 September 1973
| event4 = [[Peaceful Revolution]]
| date_event4 = 13 October 1989
| event5 = [[Treaty on the Final Settlement with Respect to Germany|Final Settlement]]
| date_event5 = 12 September 1990
| p1 = Allied-occupied Germany
| flag_p1 = Flag of Germany (1946-1949).svg
| border_p1 = no
| p2 = Soviet occupation zone{{!}}Soviet occupation zone of Germany
| flag_p2 = Flag of the Soviet Union (1936-1955).svg
| s1 = History of Germany since 1990{{!}}Federal Republic of Germany (reunified Germany)
| flag_s1 = Flag of Germany.svg
| image_flag = Flag of the German Democratic Republic.svg
| alt_flag = Flag of East Germany
| flag_type = [[Flag of East Germany|Flag]] (1959–1990)
| image_coat = State arms of German Democratic Republic.svg
| symbol_type = [[National Emblem of East Germany|National emblem]] (1955−1990)
| image_map = East Germany 1956-1990.svg
[[File:East_Germany_1956-1990.svg|thumb| image_caption = [[यूरोप]] में पूर्व जर्मनी की स्थिति]]
| national_anthem = ''[[Auferstanden aus Ruinen]]''<br />({{Lang-en|"Risen from Ruins"}})
| national_motto = ''Proletarier aller Länder, vereinigt Euch!''<br />({{Lang-en|[[Workers of the world, unite!]]}})
| capital = [[East Berlin]]{{ref|d|d}} <small>(de facto)</small>
| largest_city = capital
| official_languages = [[German language|German]]<br />[[Sorbian languages|Sorbian]] (in parts of [[Bezirk Dresden]] and [[Bezirk Cottbus]])
| religion = ''See [[East Germany#Religion|Religion in East Germany]]''
| demonym = [[Germans|East German]]
| government_type = [[Federal republic|Federal]] [[Marxism–Leninism|Marxist–Leninist]] [[One-party state|one-party]] [[Socialist state|socialist]] [[republic]]<br /><small>(1949–1952)</small><br />[[Unitary state|Unitary]] [[Marxism–Leninism|Marxist–Leninist]] [[One-party state|one-party]] [[Socialist state|socialist]] [[republic]]<br /><small>(1952–1989)</small><br />[[Unitary state|Unitary]] [[parliamentary republic]]<br /><small>(1989–1990)</small>
| leader1 = [[Wilhelm Pieck]] <small>(first)</small>
| leader2 = [[Egon Krenz]] <small>(last)</small>
| year_leader1 = 1949–1950
| year_leader2 = 1989
| title_leader = [[General Secretary of the Socialist Unity Party of Germany|General Secretary]]
| representative1 = [[Wilhelm Pieck]] <small>(first)</small>
| representative2 = [[Sabine Bergmann-Pohl]] <small>(last)</small>
| year_representative1 = 1949–1960
| year_representative2 = 1990
| title_representative = [[Heads of State of East Germany|Head of State]]
| deputy1 = [[Otto Grotewohl]] <small>(first)</small>
| deputy2 = [[Lothar de Maizière]] <small>(last)</small>
| year_deputy1 = 1949–1964
| year_deputy2 = 1990
| title_deputy = [[Heads of Government of East Germany|Head of Government]]
| legislature = [[People's Chamber|Volkskammer]]
| house1 = [[Chamber of States|Länderkammer]]{{ref|a|a}}
| type_house1 = State Chamber
| stat_pop1 = 18,388,000{{ref|b|b}}
| stat_year1 = 1950
| stat_pop2 = 17,068,000
| stat_year2 = 1970
| stat_pop3 = 16,111,000
| stat_year3 = 1990
| area_km2 = 108,333
| currency = {{plainlist|
* [[East German mark]] {{small|(1949–1990), officially named:}}
** Deutsche Mark {{small|(1949–1964)}}
** Mark der Deutschen Notenbank {{small|(1964–1967)}}
** Mark der DDR {{small|(1967–1990)}}
* [[Deutsche Mark]] {{small|(from 1 July 1990)}}}}
| cctld = [[.dd]]{{ref|c|c}}
| drives_on = right
| calling_code = +37
| today = {{flag|Germany}}
| footnotes = The initial flag of East Germany adopted in 1948 was identical to that of [[West Germany]]. In 1959, the East German government issued a new version of the flag bearing the national emblem, serving to distinguish East from West.
----{{note|a|a}} Dissolved by the ''Volkskammer'' on 8 December 1958.
----{{note|b|b}} Population statistics according to [[Statistisches Bundesamt]].<ref>[https://www.destatis.de/DE/ZahlenFakten/Indikatoren/LangeReihen/Bevoelkerung/lrbev03.html Bevölkerungsstand] {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20131113231041/https://www.destatis.de/DE/ZahlenFakten/Indikatoren/LangeReihen/Bevoelkerung/lrbev03.html |date=13 November 2013 }}</ref>
----{{note|c|c}} Although [[.dd]] was reserved as corresponding [[ISO 3166|ISO code]] for East Germany, it was not entered to the root before the country was reunited with the west.<ref>[http://internet.robert-scheck.de/tld-dd/ Top-Level-Domain .DD] Information site about .dd in German language</ref>
----{{note|d|d}} Not recognised by the Three Powers: [[France]], [[United Kingdom]] and the [[United States]].
}}
 
'''पूर्व जर्मनी''' (औपचारिक रूप से '''जर्मन लोकतांत्रिक गणराज्य''') [[शीत युद्ध]] के दौरान [[पूर्वी ब्लॉक]] का एक देश था।
== इन्हें भी देखें ==
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