"भारतीय राज्य और केंद्रशासित प्रदेश की नाम व्युत्पत्ति की सूची" के अवतरणों में अंतर

टैग: मोबाइल संपादन मोबाइल वेब सम्पादन उन्नत मोबाइल सम्पादन
टैग: मोबाइल संपादन मोबाइल वेब सम्पादन उन्नत मोबाइल सम्पादन
|[[पश्चिम बंगाल]] (29) || পশ্চিমবঙ্গ ([[बंगाली भाषा|बंगाली]]) || West part of [[Bengal]] || The term West Bengal originated after the Partition of [[Bengal]] province in 1905 by the [[British Raj|colonial]] administration. The origin of the word "Bengal" itself is uncertain (see [[Etymology of Bengal]]). Possible origins include the name of a tribe that settled in the area around 1000 BCE and the [[Austric languages|Austric]] word for the sun god. Another theory states that the word "Bengal" is derived from the words Bonga (God of the [Santals]) + Aal (Device used in Agriculture).
==केंद्र शासित प्रदेश==
*[[अंडमान व नोकोबार द्वीप समूह]] (A):
** Andaman: Italian traveler [[Niccolò de' Conti]] (c. 1440) mentioned the word Andaman meant "Island of Gold". A theory that became prevalent in the late 19th century and has since gained momentum is that the name of the islands derives from [[Sanskrit language|Sanskrit]] via the [[Malay language|Malay]] ''Handuman'', named for the deity [[Hanuman]].<ref name="hunter1908">{{Cite journal | title=Imperial Gazetteer of India |author1=William Wolfson Hunter |author2=James Sutherland Cotton |author3=Richard Burn |author4=William Stevenson Meyer | publisher=Great Britain India Office, Clarendon Press | year=1908 | isbn= | url=https://books.google.com/?id=TgC2AAAAIAAJ | quote=''... The name has always been in historical times some form of Andaman, which more than probably represents Handuman, the Malay from Hanuman, treating the islands as the abode of the Hindu mythological monkey people or savage aboriginal ...'' | postscript=<!-- Bot inserted parameter. Either remove it; or change its value to "." for the cite to end in a ".", as necessary. -->{{inconsistent citations}}}}</ref>
** Nicobar: The name "Nicobar" is probably derived from the [[Chola dynasty]] name for the islands, ''Nakkavaram'' (literally, "naked man" in [[Tamil language|Tamil]]) which is inscribed on a [[Tanjore]] inscription of 1050 CE.<ref name="keay2001">{{Cite book | title=India: A History | author=John Keay | year=2001 | accessdate= | publisher=Grove Press | url=https://books.google.com/?id=ibLUu6RlvqwC | quote=''... and 'Nakkavaram' certainly represents the Nicobar islands ...'' | isbn=978-0-8021-3797-5}}</ref><ref name="britannica1998">{{Cite book | title=The New Encyclopædia Britannica | year=1998 | accessdate = 2008-11-16 | publisher=Encyclopædia Britannica | url=https://books.google.com/?id=abRYAAAAMAAJ | quote=''... The name Nicobar probably is derived from Nakkavaram ("Land of the Naked") ...'' | isbn=978-0-85229-633-2}}</ref>
*[[Chandigarh]] (B): "[[Chandi]]'s fort". No actual fort ever existed; a large Chandi temple "protected" the locals, hence the name. The goddess Chandi appears as a form of the goddess [[Dakshayani|Kali]] or [[Parvati]].
*[[Dadra and Nagar Haveli]] (C): From the towns of [[Dadra, Dadra and Nagar Haveli|Dadra]] and [[Nagar Haveli]].
*[[Daman and Diu]] (D): From the towns of [[Daman district, India|Daman]] and [[Diu, India|Diu]].
*[[Jammu & Kashmir]]
*[[Lakshadweep]] (E): "Hundred Thousand Islands". In [[Sanskrit]], ''laksha'' means "a hundred thousand" and ''dweep'' means "island".
*[[Delhi|National Capital Territory Delhi]] (F): The etymology of "Delhi" is uncertain. The very common view is that its [[eponym]] is ''Dhillu'' or ''Dilu'', a king of the [[Mauryan dynasty]], who built the city in 50 BC and named it after himself.<ref name=ecosurv1>{{cite web |url=http://delhiplanning.nic.in/Economic%20Survey/ES%202005-06/Chpt/1.pdf |title=Chapter 1: Introduction |accessdate=21 December 2006 |format=PDF |work=Economic Survey of Delhi, 2005–2006 |publisher=Planning Department, Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi |pages=1–7 |url-status=dead |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20161113174155/http://delhiplanning.nic.in/Economic%20Survey/ES%202005-06/Chpt/1.pdf |archivedate=13 November 2016 |df=dmy-all }}</ref><ref name=dhillu>{{cite book |last=Bakshi|first=S.R.|title=Delhi Through Ages|origyear=2002|publisher=Anmol Publications PVT. LTD|isbn=81-7488-138-7|page=2|chapter=|chapterurl= |year=1995 }}</ref><ref name=geobritish>{{cite book |last=Smith|first=George|title=The Geography of British India, Political & Physical |url=https://books.google.com/?id=C20DAAAAQAAJ&dq=raja+delhi+BC|accessdate=1 November 2008|publisher=J. Murray|isbn=|pages=216–217|chapter=|chapterurl=|year=1882}}</ref> The [[Hindi]]/[[Prakrit]] word ''dhili'' ("loose") was used by the [[Tomara]]s to refer to the city because the [[Iron Pillar of Delhi|Iron Pillar]] built by Raja Dhava had a weak foundation and was replaced.<ref name=geobritish/> Coins in circulation in the region under the [[Tomara]]s were called ''dehliwal''.<ref name=ncertVII>{{cite web
|url=http://ncert.nic.in/textbooks/testing/Index.htm|title=Our Pasts II, History Textbook for Class VII|accessdate=6 July 2007|publisher=NCERT |archiveurl = https://web.archive.org/web/20070623140748/http://www.ncert.nic.in/textbooks/testing/Index.htm |archivedate = 23 June 2007}}</ref> Some other historians believe that the name is derived from ''Dilli'', a corruption of ''dehleez'' ({{lang-fa|دهليز}}) or ''dehali'' ({{lang-sa|देहली}}). Both terms mean "threshold" or "gateway" and are symbolic of the city as a gateway to the Gangetic Plain.<ref>[http://dsal.uchicago.edu/cgi-bin/philologic/getobject.pl?c.4:1:2294.platts A dictionary of Urdu, classical Hindi, and English<!-- Bot generated title -->]{{dead link|date=December 2017 |bot=InternetArchiveBot |fix-attempted=yes }}</ref><ref name=cohen>{{cite journal
|last = Cohen |first=Richard J. |date=October–December 1989 |title=An Early Attestation of the Toponym Dhilli | journal = Journal of the American Oriental Society | volume = 109 | issue = 4 |pages=513–519 | doi = 10.2307/604073
|jstor = 604073 }}</ref> Another theory suggests that the city's original name was Dhillika.<ref name=dhilika>{{cite web |title=Chauhans (Cahamanas, Cauhans)|accessdate=22 December 2006 |last=Austin |first=Ian |author2=Thhakur Nahar Singh Jasol |work=The Mewar Encyclopedia |publisher=mewarindia.com |url=http://www.mewarindia.com/ency/chat.html |archiveurl = https://web.archive.org/web/20061114120751/http://mewarindia.com/ency/chat.html |archivedate = 14 November 2006}}</ref>
*[[Puducherry]] (G): formerly known as Pondicherry: from ''Puducheri'', from [[Tamil language|Tamil]] ''pudu'' "new" + ''cheri'' "settlement" or "camp".<ref>[http://www.statoids.com/uin.html Statoids.com].</ref>