"इब्न तैमियाह" के अवतरणों में अंतर

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{{स्रोतहीन|date=दिसम्बर 2020}}
{{Short description|Islamic scholar and theologian}}
[[चित्र:تخطيط كلمة ابن تيمية.png|thumb|220px]]
{{Infobox religious biography
| name = '''Ibn Taymiyyah'''<br />{{Nobold|{{lang|ar|ابن تيمية}}}}
| religion = [[Islam]]
| era = Late [[High Middle Ages]] or [[Crisis of the Late Middle Ages]]
[[चित्र| image = File:تخطيط كلمة ابن تيمية.png|thumb|220px]]
| alt =
| caption = Ibn Taymiyyah rendered in [[Arabic calligraphy]].
| birth_date = 10 [[Rabi' al-awwal]] 661 [[Hijri year|AH]], or <br /> January 22, 1263 CE
| birth_place = [[Harran]], [[Sultanate of Rum]]
| death_date = 20 [[Dhu al-Qi'dah]] 728 AH, or <br /> September 26, {{Death year and age|1328|1263}}
| death_place = [[Damascus]], [[Mamluk Sultanate (Cairo)|Mamluk Sultanate]]
| region =
| nationality = [[Syria (region)|Sham]]
| occupation =
| alma_mater = Madrasa Dar al-Hadith as-Sukariya
| denomination = [[Sunni]]
| jurisprudence = [[Hanbali]]
| creed = [[Athari]]<ref>{{cite book|title=Theology and Creed wahabi Islam|url=https://archive.org/details/theologycreedsun00halv|url-access=limited|last=Halverson|first=Jeffry R.|publisher=Palgrave Macmillan|year=2010|isbn=978-0-230-10279-8 |pages=[https://archive.org/details/theologycreedsun00halv/page/n56 48]}}</ref><ref>{{cite book|first=Aaron|last=Spevack|title=The Archetypal Scholar: Law, Theology, and Mysticism in the Synthesis of Al-Bajuri|pages=45|publisher=State University of New York Press|date=2014|isbn=978-1-4384-5370-5}}</ref><ref name="Makdisi, 1973 pp 118-28">Makdisi, ', American Journal of Arabic Studies 1, part 1 (1973), pp. 118–28</ref><ref name="Arch91">{{cite book|last=Spevack|first=Aaron|title=The Archetypal Sunni: Law, Theology, and Mysticism in the Synthesis of Al-Bajuri|publisher=State University of New York Press|date=2014|isbn=978-1438453712|page=91}}</ref><ref name="Rapoport 334">{{Cite book|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=7JRmPgAACAAJ&q=Ibn+Taymiyya+and+his+times|title=Ibn Taymiyya and His Times|last1=Rapoport|first1=Yossef|last2=Ahmed|first2=Shahab|date=2010-01-01|publisher=Oxford University Press|isbn=9780195478341|language=en|page=334}}</ref><ref name="Halverson 2010 48–49">{{cite book|last=Halverson|first=Jeffry R.|title=Theology and Creed in Wahabi Islam: The Muslim Brotherhood, Ash'arism, and Political Wahabism|url=https://archive.org/details/theologycreedsun00halv|url-access=limited|date=2010|publisher=Palgrave Macmillan|isbn=978-0230102798|pages=[https://archive.org/details/theologycreedsun00halv/page/n56 48]–49}}</ref>
| Maddhab = [[Hanbali]]<ref name=IBT>{{cite book|last1=Ibn Taymiyyah|first1=Ahmad ibn ʻAbd al-Ḥalīm|title=Kitab Al-Iman|date=1999|publisher=Islamic Book Trust|location=Kuala Lumpur|isbn=978-967-5062-28-5|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=_Cxpfjri6o0C|accessdate=16 January 2015}}</ref><ref name="britannica1" />
| influences = [[Muhammad ibn Karram]],<ref>{{cite encyclopedia |last=Zysow |first=Aron |encyclopedia=Iranica |title=KARRĀMIYA |url=https://iranicaonline.org/articles/karramiya |access-date=1 October 2020 |language=en |date=15 October 2011 |year=2011 |publisher=Encyclopædia Iranica Foundation |volume=15 |pages=590–601 |quote=Among later Muslim thinkers Ebn Taymiya (d. 728/1328) stands out as a sympathetic, if critical, student of Karrāmi theology, and he took it upon himself to write an extensive commentary on Faḵr-al-Din Rāzi’s anti-Karrāmi work Asās al-taqdis, in which he defended the traditionist and Karrāmi positions on the key points of dispute}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=https://al-maktaba.org/book/31901/1144|author=A group of researchers under the supervision of [[w:ar:علوي السقاف|'Alawi ibn Abd al-Qadir as-Saqqaf]]|title=كتاب موسوعة الفرق المنتسبة للإسلام - الدرر السنية|publisher=dorar.net|quote=وقام أيضا أبو عبدالله محمد بن كرام بسجستان ونواحيها ينصر مذهب أهل السنة والجماعة، والمثبتة للصفات والقدر وحب الصحابة وغير ذلك، ويرد على الجهمية والمعتزلة والرافضة وغيرهم، ويوافقهم على أصول مقالاتهم التي بها قالوا ما قالوا، ويخالفهم في لوازمها، كما خالفهم ابن كلاب والأشعري، لكن هؤلاء منتسبون إلى السنة والحديث، وابن كرام منتسب إلى مذهب أهل الرأي}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url= http://www.almothaqaf.com/a/b6/936412سلف-السلفية|title= The Forefather of Salafism|author= Dr. Mona Zaytoun|website= www.almothaqaf.com|publisher= Almothaqaf Newspaper|language=ar}}</ref> [[Al-Hasan ibn 'Ali al-Barbahari]]
| influenced = [[Ibn Qayyim Al-Jawziyya|Ibn Al-Qayyim]], [[al-Dhahabi]], [[Ibn Muflih]], [[Ibn Abd al-Hadi]], [[Ibn Kathir]], [[Ibn al-Wardi]], [[Ibn Rajab al-Hanbali]], [[Abul A'la Maududi]], [[Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab]]
| module = {{Infobox Arabic name|embed=yes
| ism = Ahmad<br/>({{lang|ar|أحمد}})
| nasab = Ibn Abd al-Halim ibn Abd as-Salam ibn Abd Allah ibn al-Khidr ibn Muhammad ibn al-Khidr ibn Ibrahim ibn Ali ibn Abd Allah <br/>({{lang|ar|بن عبد الحليم بن عبد السلام بن عبد الله بن الخضر بن محمد بن الخضر بن إبراهيم بن علي بن عبد الله }})
| kunya = Abu al-Abbas<br/>({{lang|ar|أبو العباس}})
| nisba = [[Harran|al-Harrani]]<ref name=":0">{{cite book|title=Imam Ibn Taimiya and his projects of reform|last=Haque|first=Serajul|publisher=Islamic Foundation Bangladesh|year=1982 }}</ref><br />({{lang|ar|الحراني}})
}}
}}
'''तक़ी अद-दीन अहमद इब्न अब्द-हलीम इब्न अब्द अल-सलाम अल-नुमैरी अल-हर्रानी (अरबी: تقي الدين أحمد بن عبد الحليم بن عبد السلام النميري الحراني‎)''' 621 AH में पैदा हुए। हनबली धर्म के प्रचार और विकास में '''शेख-उल-इस्लाम हाफिज इब्न तैमियाह''' की सेवाएं अमूल्य हैं। उन्हें [[हंबली]] धर्म की व्याख्या करने वाला माना जाता है। लेकिन '''इब्न तैमियाह''' कुछ मुद्दों पर '''इमाम अहमद इब्न हन्बल''' से असहमत थे। [[दमिश्क]] ([[सीरिया]]) के किले में कारावास की स्थिति में 20 जिल-क़ादा 728 AH को मृत्यु हो गई।
इब्न तैमियाह हंबली मसलक के एक विद्वान थे, लेकिन सिद्धांत और इबादत से संबंधित बहुत से मुद्दों में, जम्हूर से अलग हो गए।<ref>अबू ज़हरा मिस्री द्वारा लिखित हयात अहमद इब्न हन्बल पृष्ठ 494</ref> जिस पर बहुत से विद्वानों जिनमें इब्न हजर अस्कलानी, ​​इब्न हजर हैतमी, ताज अद-दीन सुबकी, वली अद-दीन इराक़ी और तक़ी अद-दीन सुबकी और अन्य ने सख्त प्रतिक्रिया व्यक्त की।
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