"बिटकॉइन" के अवतरणों में अंतर

5,555 बैट्स् नीकाले गए ,  6 माह पहले
अन्य भाषा में लिखा ज्ञानसन्दूक हटाया
छो (Aryabhag06 (Talk) के संपादनों को हटाकर संजीव कुमार के आखिरी अवतरण को पूर्ववत किया)
टैग: प्रत्यापन्न
(अन्य भाषा में लिखा ज्ञानसन्दूक हटाया)
टैग: 2017 स्रोत संपादन
{{infobox cryptocurrency
| currency_name = Bitcoin
| image_1 = Bitcoin logo.svg
| image_title_1 = Prevailing bitcoin logo
| subunit_ratio_1 = {{frac|1000}}
| subunit_name_1 = millibitcoin<ref name="mBTC">{{cite news |last1 = Siluk |first1 = Shirley |title = June 2 "M Day" promotes millibitcoin as unit of choice |url = http://www.coindesk.com/june-2-m-day-promotes-millibitcoin-as-unit-of-choice/ |accessdate = 25 May 2017 |work = CoinDesk |date = 2 June 2013 |url-status = dead |archiveurl = https://web.archive.org/web/20170807154739/https://www.coindesk.com/june-2-m-day-promotes-millibitcoin-as-unit-of-choice/ |archivedate = 7 अगस्त 2017 |df = dmy-all }}</ref>
| subunit_ratio_2 = {{frac|1000000}}
| subunit_name_2 = bit<ref name="bip176">{{cite web|last1=Song|first1=Jimmy|title=bips: Bitcoin Improvement Proposals|url=https://github.com/bitcoin/bips/blob/master/bip-0176.mediawiki|accessdate=15 January 2018|date=15 January 2018|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20180109220514/https://github.com/bitcoin/bips/blob/master/bip-0176.mediawiki|archive-date=9 जनवरी 2018|url-status=live}}</ref>
| subunit_ratio_3 = {{frac|100000000}}
| subunit_name_3 = satoshi<ref name="satoshi unit">{{cite web |title = Cracking the Bitcoin: Digging Into a $131M USD Virtual Currency |url = https://newsjournal5.com/info/crackingthebitcoindiggingintoa131musdvirtualcurrency |author = newsjournal5 |publisher = newsjournal5 |date = 12 June 2011 |accessdate = 30 September 2012 |url-status = dead |archiveurl = https://web.archive.org/web/20210801025119/https://newsjournal5.com/info/crackingthebitcoindiggingintoa131musdvirtualcurrency/ |archivedate = 1 अगस्त 2021 |df = dmy-all }}</ref>
| plural = bitcoins
| symbol = ₿{{efn|group=infobox|The symbol was encoded in [[यूनिकोड|Unicode]] version 10.0 at position 20BF/BITCOIN SIGN in the [[Currency Symbols (Unicode block)|Currency Symbols block]] in June 2017.<ref name="unicode-10">{{cite web |url = http://www.unicode.org/versions/Unicode10.0.0/ |title = Unicode 10.0.0 |publisher = Unicode Consortium |date = 20 June 2017 |accessdate = 20 June 2017 |url-status = live |archiveurl = https://web.archive.org/web/20170620130342/http://www.unicode.org/versions/Unicode10.0.0/ |archivedate = 20 June 2017 |df = dmy-all }}</ref>}}
| ticker_symbol = BTC; XBT{{efn|group=infobox|Compatible with ISO 4217.}}
| coin_definition = Unspent outputs of transactions (in multiples of a satoshi)<ref name="Antonopoulos2014">{{cite book |author = Andreas M. Antonopoulos |date = April 2014 |isbn = 978-1-4493-7404-4 |publisher = O'Reilly Media |title = Mastering Bitcoin. Unlocking Digital Crypto-Currencies }}</ref>{{rp|ch. 5}}
| implementations_title = Reference implementation
| implementations = [[Bitcoin Core]]
| initial_release_version = 0.1.0
| initial_release_date = {{Start date and age|df=yes|2009|1|9|p=y}}
| latest_release_version = 0.15.1
| latest_release_date = {{Start date and age|df=yes|2017|11|11|p=y}}
| author = [[Satoshi Nakamoto]]
| white_paper = [https://bitcoin.org/bitcoin.pdf Bitcoin: A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System]
| website = {{URL|bitcoin.org}}
| block_explorer = {{URL|blockchain.info}}
| ledger_start = {{Start date and age|df=yes|2009|1|3|p=y}}
| hash_function = [[SHA-256]]
| circulating_supply = ₿16,770,512 ({{as of|2017|12|29|lc=y}})
| supply_limit = ₿21,000,000
| timestamping = [[Proof-of-work system|Proof-of-work]] (partial hash inversion)
| issuance = Block reward<ref name="JSC">{{cite web |url = https://www.fincen.gov/sites/default/files/2016-08/20131118.pdf |title = Statement of Jennifer Shasky Calvery, Director Financial Crimes Enforcement Network United States Department of the Treasury Before the United States Senate Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs Subcommittee on National Security and International Trade and Finance Subcommittee on Economic Policy |publisher = Financial Crimes Enforcement Network |work = fincen.gov |date = 19 November 2013 |accessdate = 1 June 2014 |url-status = dead |archiveurl = https://web.archive.org/web/20161009183700/https://www.fincen.gov/sites/default/files/2016-08/20131118.pdf |archivedate = 9 अक्तूबर 2016 |df = dmy-all }}</ref><ref name="tcdecentralized">{{cite news |last1 = Empson |first1 = Rip |title = Bitcoin: How An Unregulated, Decentralized Virtual Currency Just Became A Billion Dollar Market |url = https://techcrunch.com/2013/03/28/bitcoin-how-an-unregulated-decentralized-virtual-currency-just-became-a-billion-dollar-market/ |accessdate = 8 October 2016 |work = TechCrunch |publisher = AOL inc. |date = 28 March 2013 |url-status = live |archiveurl = https://web.archive.org/web/20161009205955/https://techcrunch.com/2013/03/28/bitcoin-how-an-unregulated-decentralized-virtual-currency-just-became-a-billion-dollar-market/ |archivedate = 9 October 2016 |df = dmy-all }}</ref>
| block_time = 10 minutes
| block_reward = ₿12.5{{efn|group=infobox|July 2016 to approximately June 2020, halved approximately every four years}}
| exchange_rate = {{increase}} {{US$|14.516&nbsp;thousand|link=yes}} ({{as of|2017|12|29|lc=y}})
| market_cap = {{increase}} {{US$|694.53&nbsp;billion}} ({{as of|2021|01|05|lc=y}})
| footnotes = {{notelist|group=infobox}}
}}
{{Special characters}}
'''बिटकाइन''' एक [[विकेंद्रीकृत प्रणाली|विकेन्द्रीकृत]] [[डिजिटल मुद्रा]] है। यह पहली विकेन्द्रीकृत डिजिटल मुद्रा है जिसका अर्थ है की यह किसी [[केंद्रीय बैंक|केन्द्रीय बैंक]] द्वारा नहीं संचालित होती। [[कंप्यूटर|कम्प्यूटर]] नेटवर्किंग पर आधारित भुगतान हेतु इसे निर्मित किया गया है। इसका विकास ''' सातोशी नकामोतो ''' नामक एक अभियन्ता ने किया है। ''' सातोशी ''' का यह छद्म नाम है।
 
== आलोचना ==
कई अर्थशास्त्रियों द्वारा बिटकॉइन को पोंज़ी स्कीम घोषित किया गया है।<ref>{{cite web |url = https://www.cnbc.com/id/101479123 |title = Roubini launches stinging attack on bitcoin |publisher = [[CNBC]]सीएनबीसी |date = 10 Marchमार्च 2014 |accessdate = 215 Julyनवम्बर 20142021 |author = Clinch,मैट Mattक्लिंच |url-status = live |archiveurl = https://web.archive.org/web/20141006074352/http://www.cnbc.com/id/101479123 |archivedate = 6 Octoberअक्टूबर 2014 |df = dmy-all }}</ref>
 
=== उर्जा की खपत ===