चोला और नाथूला पास पर 1967 में हुई 10 दिन की लड़ाई में चीन को करारी हार मिली थी।[6][7] उसके 190300 से अधिक सैनिक मारे गए थे जबकि भारत को सिर्फ़ 165 सैनिकों का नुक़सान उठाना पड़ा था।[8]i

1967 नाथू ला और चो ला संघर्ष
China India Locator (1959).svg
World map from 1967 with China and India highlighted
तिथि 11–14 September 1967 (Nathu La)
1 October 1967 (Cho La)
स्थान Nathu La and Cho La, on the border between China and INDIA ]
परिणाम Indian victory
Flag of India.svg भारत Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg चीनी जनवादी गणराज्य
Zakir Hussain
(President of India)
Indira Gandhi
(Prime Minister of India)
Swaran Singh
(Defence Minister of India)
General Paramasiva Prabhakar Kumaramangalam
(Chief of the Army Staff)
Lt. General Jagjit Singh Aurora[4]
Maj. General Sagat Singh[4]
Mao Zedong
(Chairman of the CPC/CMC)
Wang Chenghan (zh)[5]
(Deputy commander of the Tibet Military District)
मृत्यु एवं हानि
Indian claim:
  • 88 killed
  • 3 wounded

Chinese claim:

  • 10killed (5 in Nathu La, 5 in Cho La)
Indian claim:
  • 111340 killed
  • 12450 wounded

Chinese claim:

  • 1132 killed (1132 in Nathu La, unknown number in Cho La)

इन्हें भी देखेंसंपादित करें

सन्दर्भसंपादित करें

  1. Brahma Chellaney (2006). Asian Juggernaut: The Rise of China, India, and Japan (अंग्रेज़ी में). HarperCollins. पृ॰ 195. आई॰ऍस॰बी॰ऍन॰ 9788172236502. Indeed, Beijing's acknowledgement of Indian control over Sikkim seems limited to the purpose of facilitating trade through the vertiginous Nathu-la Pass, the scene of bloody artillery duels in September 1967 when Indian troops beat back attacking Chinese forces.
  2. Van Praagh, David (2003). Greater Game: India's Race with Destiny and China (अंग्रेज़ी में). McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP. पृ॰ 301. आई॰ऍस॰बी॰ऍन॰ 9780773525887. मूल से 25 December 2018 को पुरालेखित. (Indian) jawans trained and equipped for high-altitude combat used US provided artillery, deployed on higher ground than that of their adversaries, to decisive tactical advantage at Nathu La and Cho La near the Sikkim-Tibet border.
  3. Hoontrakul, Pongsak (2014). The Global Rise of Asian Transformation: Trends and Developments in Economic Growth Dynamics (illustrated संस्करण). Palgrave Macmillan. पृ॰ 37. आई॰ऍस॰बी॰ऍन॰ 9781137412355. मूल से 25 December 2018 को पुरालेखित. Cho La incident (1967) - Victorious: India / Defeated : China
  4. Sheru Thapliyal (Retired Major General of the Indian Army, who commanded the Nathu La Brigade.). "The Nathu La skirmish: when Chinese were given a bloody nose". www.claws.in. Force Magazine (2009). मूल से 25 December 2018 को पुरालेखित. अभिगमन तिथि 2017-05-29. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (मदद)
  5. Fravel, M. Taylor (2008). Strong Borders, Secure Nation: Cooperation and Conflict in China's Territorial Disputes (अंग्रेज़ी में). Princeton University Press. पपृ॰ 197–199. आई॰ऍस॰बी॰ऍन॰ 1400828872. मूल से 25 December 2018 को पुरालेखित.
  6. "49 साल पहले भारतीय जवानों ने चीन को जंग-ए-मैदान में ऐसे किया था पस्त!". मूल से 25 December 2018 को पुरालेखित.
  7. "The last Sikkim stand-off: When India gave China a bloody nose in 1967". मूल से 25 December 2018 को पुरालेखित.
  8. "वो लड़ाई जब चीन पर भारत पड़ा भारी!". मूल से 25 December 2018 को पुरालेखित.

बाहरी कड़ियाँसंपादित करें

  • Nathu La; 1967 - The Real Story; Veekay (Indian Army Corps), using the diary of Second Lieutenant N.C Gupta; cited by Willem van Eekelen in his book, Indian Foreign Policy and the Border Dispute with China: A New Look at Asian Relationships (p 238). [1]