अरब राष्ट्रों में विश्व धरोहर स्थलों की सूची

विकिपीडिया सूची लेख

अरब राष्ट्रों में उपस्थित यूनेस्को विश्व धरोहर स्थलों की सूची नीचे दी गयी है।[1]

अरब राष्ट्रों में विश्व धरोहर स्थलों की सूची

संपादित करें

██ † खतरे में

स्थल छवि अवस्थिति मापदंड क्षेत्रफल
ha (acre)
वर्ष विवरण
बेनी हम्माद किला   Algeriaम'सिला प्रांत,
35°48′50″N 04°47′36″E / 35.81389°N 4.79333°E / 35.81389; 4.79333
150 (370) 1980 In a mountainous site of extraordinary beauty, the ruins of the first capital of the Hammadid emirs, founded in 1007 and demolished in 1152, provide an authentic picture of a fortified Muslim city. The mosque, whose prayer room has 13 aisles with eight bays, is one of the largest in Algeria. Beni Hammad Fort is near the town of Maadid (aka Maadhid), about 225 kilometres (140 mi) southeast of Algiers.[2]
Djémila   AlgeriaSétif Province,
36°19′14″N 5°44′12″E / 36.32056°N 5.73667°E / 36.32056; 5.73667
31 (77) 1982 Djémila (formerly known as Cuicul) was a Roman town in a mountainous site, comprising a forum, temples, basilicas, triumphal arches and religious buildings and other structures, each adapted to a location 900 m (3,000 ft) above sea level.[3]
Kasbah of Algiers   AlgeriaAlgiers Province,
36°47′00″N 3°03′37″E / 36.78333°N 3.06028°E / 36.78333; 3.06028
50 (120) 1982 The Kasbah of Algiers is a unique Islamic city on the Mediterranean coast. It contains remains of a citadel, medieval mosques and Ottoman palaces.[4]
M'zab Valley   AlgeriaGhardaïa Province,
32°29′00″N 3°41′00″E / 32.48333°N 3.68333°E / 32.48333; 3.68333
4,000 (9,900) 1982 The intact, traditional human habitat was built around five ksour of the M'zab Valley in the 10th century by the Ibadites.[5]
Tassili n'Ajjer   AlgeriaIllizi and Tamanrasset Provinces,
25°30′00″N 9°00′00″E / 25.50000°N 9.00000°E / 25.50000; 9.00000
7,200,000 (18,000,000) 1982 A vast plateau on the edge of the Sahara, Tassili n'Ajjer contains more than 15,000 cave engravings that record climatic changes, animal migrations, and the evolution of human life, dating from 6,000 BCE to the first centuries CE. It is also noted for its eroded sandstone landforms.[6]
Timgad   AlgeriaBatna Province,
35°27′00″N 6°38′00″E / 35.45000°N 6.63333°E / 35.45000; 6.63333
91 (220) 1982 Established by Emperor Trajan in 100 CE as a military colony, Timgad features cardo and decumanus streets, constituting a typical example of Roman town-planning.[7]
Tipasa   AlgeriaTipaza Province,
36°32′00″N 2°22′00″E / 36.53333°N 2.36667°E / 36.53333; 2.36667
52 (130) 1982 Previously a Carthaginian trading centre, Tipasa was conquered by the Romans and converted into a military base. The site also bears witness to paleochristian and Byzantine influences.[8]
Dilmun Burial Mounds   BahrainNorthern Governorate,
26°8′59″N 50°30′46″E / 26.14972°N 50.51278°E / 26.14972; 50.51278
168.45 (416.2) 2019 Located in the western part of Bahrain Island, Dilmun Burial Mounds date back to the Dilmun, the Umm al-Nar culture. They were built between 2050 and 1750 BCE include 21 archaeological sites with more than 11 K burial mounds and 17 royal mounds built as 2-storeyed funeral towers.[9]
Qal'at al-Bahrain – Ancient Harbour and Capital of Dilmun   BahrainNorthern Governorate,
26°13′59″N 50°31′38″E / 26.23306°N 50.52722°E / 26.23306; 50.52722
32 (79) 2005 Qal'at al-Bahrain was the capital of the Dilmun civilization, bearing witness to continuous human occupation from circa 2300 BC to the present. A Portuguese fort stands on the top of the site.[10]
Pearling, Testimony of an Island Economy   Bahrain  बहरीन
26°14′28″N 50°36′49″E / 26.24111°N 50.61361°E / 26.24111; 50.61361
35,087 (86,700) 2012 Consisting of buildings in Muharraq, oyster beds, a segment of the coast and a fortress, the site testifies to the pearling tradition that dominated the Arabian Gulf from the 2nd century to the early 20th century, when the introduction of cultured pearls from Japan resulted in the crash of pearling economy in Bahrain.[11]
Abu Mena   EgyptAlexandria Governorate,
30°51′00″N 29°40′00″E / 30.85000°N 29.66667°E / 30.85000; 29.66667
183 (450) 1979 The ruins of the former Christian holy city contain a church, a baptistery, basilicas, public buildings, streets, monasteries, houses, and workshops, and were built over the tomb of Menas of Alexandria.[12]
Ancient Thebes with its Necropolis   EgyptLuxor Governorate,
25°44′00″N 32°36′00″E / 25.73333°N 32.60000°E / 25.73333; 32.60000
7,390 (18,300) 1979 The former capital of Egypt and the city of Amun, Thebes contains temples and palaces at Karnak and Luxor, as well as the necropolises at the Valley of the Kings and the Valley of the Queens, bearing witness to the height of the Egyptian civilization.[13]
Historic Cairo   EgyptCairo Governorate,
30°03′00″N 31°15′40″E / 30.05000°N 31.26111°E / 30.05000; 31.26111
524 (1,290) 1979 One of the world's oldest Islamic cities and in the middle of urban Cairo, the site dates from the 10th century and reached its golden age in the 14th century. It contains mosques, madrasah, hammams and fountains.[14]
Memphis and its Necropolis – the Pyramid Fields from Giza to Dahshur   EgyptGiza Governorate,
30°03′00″N 31°15′40″E / 30.05000°N 31.26111°E / 30.05000; 31.26111
16,358.52 (40,422.8) 1979 The capital of the Old Kingdom of Egypt has some extraordinary funerary monuments, including rock tombs, ornate mastabas, temples and pyramids. In ancient times, the site was considered one of the Seven Wonders of the World.[15]
Nubian Monuments from Abu Simbel to Philae   EgyptAswan Governorate,
22°20′11″N 31°37′34″E / 22.33639°N 31.62611°E / 22.33639; 31.62611
374 (920) 1979 Located along the Nile, the site contains monuments such as the Temple of Ramesses II at Abu Simbel and the Sanctuary of Isis at Philae, saved from being submerged by Lake Nasser as a result of the construction of the Aswan Dam.[16]
Saint Catherine Area   EgyptSouth Sinai Governorate,
28°33′22″N 33°58′32″E / 28.55611°N 33.97556°E / 28.55611; 33.97556
60,100 (149,000) 2002 The orthodox monastery of Saint Catherine is among the oldest Christian monasteries still in function. Dating from the 6th century, it is positioned near Mount Horeb where, according to the Old Testament, Moses received the Tablets of the Law. The region is sacred for Christians, Muslims and Jews.[17]
Wadi Al-Hitan (Whale Valley)   EgyptFaiyum Governorate,
29°20′00″N 30°11′00″E / 29.33333°N 30.18333°E / 29.33333; 30.18333
20,015 (49,460) 2005 Located in western Egypt, Wadi Al-Hitan contains fossil remains of the now extinct Archaeoceti, mapping the evolution of the whales from a land-based to an aquatic mammal.[18]
Landscape of the Mesopotamian Cities   Dhi Qar GovernorateIrq  इराक
31°33′44″N 47°39′28″E / 31.56222°N 47.65778°E / 31.56222; 47.65778
211,544 (522,740) 2016 Located in southern Iraq, the site contains three cities of Sumerian origin, namely Uruk, Ur and Eridu, in addition to four wetland areas in the Mesopotamian Marshlands.[19]
Babylon   IraqBabylon Governorate,
32°32′31.09″N 44°25′15″E / 32.5419694°N 44.42083°E / 32.5419694; 44.42083
1,054.3 (2,605) 2019 Situated 85 km south of Baghdad, the property includes the ruins of the city which, between 626 and 539 BCE, was the capital of the Neo-Babylonian Empire. It includes villages and agricultural areas surrounding the ancient city.[20]
Erbil Citadel   IrqErbil Governorate,   इराक
36°11′28″N 44°00′33″E / 36.19111°N 44.00917°E / 36.19111; 44.00917
16 (40) 2014 Situated on the top of a tell and overlooking the city of Erbil, the Erbil Citadel

corresponds to ancient Arbela, an important Assyrian political and religious centre dating back to the Assyrian period.[21]

Hatra   IrqNineveh Governorate,
35°35′17″N 42°43′06″E / 35.58806°N 42.71833°E / 35.58806; 42.71833
324 (800) 1985 The fortified Parthian city of Hatra withstood repeated attacks by the Roman Empire in the 2nd century. Its architecture reflects both Hellenistic and Roman influences.[22]
Ashur   IrqSaladin Governorate,
35°27′32″N 43°15′35″E / 35.45889°N 43.25972°E / 35.45889; 43.25972
70 (170) 2003 Located on the Tigris and dating from the 3rd millennium BCE, Ashur was the first capital of the Assyrian Empire and the religious centre of the Assyrians. Following its destruction by the Babylonians, the city was briefly revived during the Parthian period.[23]
Samarra Archaeological City   IrqSaladin Governorate,
34°20′28″N 43°49′25″E / 34.34111°N 43.82361°E / 34.34111; 43.82361
15,058 (37,210) 2007 Located on the Tigris, the Islamic city of Samarra was the capital of the Abbasid Caliphate. It contains two of the largest mosques and several of the largest palaces in the Islamic world, in addition to being among the finest example of Abbasid-era town-planning.[24]
As-Salt - The Place of Tolerance and Urban Hospitality
JorBalqa Governorate,
32°02′21″N 35°43′33″E / 32.03917°N 35.72583°E / 32.03917; 35.72583 (Assalt)
सांस्कृतिक: (ii)(iii) 24.68 (61.0) 2021 Established on three closely-spaced hills in the Balqa (region), As-Salt was the main settlement on the East Bank of the Jordan River that served as a cultural, commercial and financial hub. This prosperity allowed for the influx of people from the region who settled in As-Salt, creating a distinct city built with yellow limestone that had European Art Nouveau and Neo-Colonial styles combined with local traditions.[25]
Baptism Site "Bethany Beyond the Jordan" (Al-Maghtas)   Jor
31°50′14″N 35°33′10″E / 31.83722°N 35.55278°E / 31.83722; 35.55278
294 (730) 2015 Situated on the Jordan River, Al-Maghtas is considered the location of the Baptism of Jesus by John the Baptist. A Christian pilgrimage site, it contains remains of Roman and Byzantine churches, chapels, a monastery, caves and pools.[26]
Petra   JorMa'an Governorate,
30°19′50″N 35°26′36″E / 30.33056°N 35.44333°E / 30.33056; 35.44333
26,171 (64670) 1985 The Nabataean city of Petra was a major trading hub between Arabia, Egypt and Syria-Phoenicia, famed for its rock-cut architecture as well as its mining and water engineering systems.[27]
Quseir Amra   JorZarqa Governorate,
31°48′7″N 36°35′9″E / 31.80194°N 36.58583°E / 31.80194; 36.58583
0.0445 (0.101) 1985 The desert castle of Quseir Amra was built in the early 8th century, and had served both as a fortress and an Umayyad royal palace. The site also noted for its extensive frescoes, constituting an important and unique example of early Islamic art.[28]
Um er-Rasas (Kastrom Mefa'a)   JorMadaba Governorate,
31°30′6″N 35°55′14″E / 31.50167°N 35.92056°E / 31.50167; 35.92056
24 (59) 2005 Established as a Roman military camp, Um er-Rasas grew into a settlement by the 5th century, inhabited successively by Christian and Islamic communities. The largely unexcavated site contains ruins of Roman fortifications, churches with well-preserved mosaic floors and two stylite towers.[29]
Wadi Rum Protected Area   Jor  जॉर्डन
29°38′23″N 35°26′02″E / 29.63972°N 35.43389°E / 29.63972; 35.43389
74,180 (183,300) 2005 Situated in southern Jordan, Wadi Rum features a great variety of desert landforms including sandstone valleys, natural arches, gorges, cliffs, landslides and caverns. The site also contains extensive rock art, inscriptions and archaeological remains, bearing witness to more than 12,000 years of continuous human habitation.[30]
Anjar   LbnBeqaa Governorate,
33°43′33″N 35°55′47″E / 33.72583°N 35.92972°E / 33.72583; 35.92972
1984 Established in the early 8th century, the city of Anjar was quickly abandoned following the fall of the Umayyad Caliphate, leaving behind ruins of walls, towers, palaces, mosques and baths, constituting an example of Umayyad period town-planning.[31]
Baalbek   LbnBaalbek-Hermel Governorate,
34°00′25″N 36°12′18″E / 34.00694°N 36.20500°E / 34.00694; 36.20500
1984 Previously known as Heliopolis, the Phoenician city of Baalbek hosts some of the largest and best preserved Roman temples, including the Temples of Jupiter, Venus and Bacchus.[32]
Byblos   LbnMount Lebanon Governorate,
34°07′09″N 35°38′51″E / 34.11917°N 35.64750°E / 34.11917; 35.64750
1984 Continuously inhabited since the Neolithic Era, Byblos was one of the oldest cities of Phoenician origin. It has since witnessed Persian, Roman, Crusader and Ottoman occupation, each exerting influence upon its architecture. Byblos also played a significant role in the diffusion of the Phoenician alphabet.[33]
Ouadi Qadisha (the Holy Valley) and the Forest of the Cedars of God (Horsh Arz el-Rab)   LbnNorth Lebanon Governorate,
34°14′36″N 36°02′56″E / 34.24333°N 36.04889°E / 34.24333; 36.04889
1998 The Qadisha Valley has provided shelter for Christian communities since the beginnings of Christianity, hosting a large number of monasteries and hermitages. The Forest of the Cedars of God is among the last locations where Cedrus libani still grows, historically one of the most prized construction materials.[34]
Tyre   LbnSouth Lebanon Governorate,
33°16′19″N 35°11′40″E / 33.27194°N 35.19444°E / 33.27194; 35.19444
154 (380) 1984 The ancient Phoenician city of Tyre was one of the foremost maritime powers in the eastern Mediterranean and reportedly where purple dye was discovered. Extant archaeological remains mainly date back to Roman times, including baths, an arena, a colonnaded road, a triumphal arch, an aqueduct and a hippodrome.[35]
Archaeological Site of Cyrene   LibJabal al Akhdar,
32°49′30″N 21°51′30″E / 32.82500°N 21.85833°E / 32.82500; 21.85833
1982 The formerly Greek colony of Cyrene was Romanized and transformed into a capital, until it was destroyed by the 365 Crete earthquake. The thousand-year-old ruins have remained renowned since the 18th century.[36]
Archaeological Site of Leptis Magna   LibKhoms,
32°38′18″N 14°17′35″E / 32.63833°N 14.29306°E / 32.63833; 14.29306
1982 The Roman city of Leptis Magna was enlarged by Emperor Septimius Severus, who was born there. Public monuments, a harbour, a marketplace, storehouses, shops, and homes were among the reasons for its induction into the list.[37]
Archaeological Site of Sabratha   LibZawiya District,
32°48′19″N 12°29′06″E / 32.80528°N 12.48500°E / 32.80528; 12.48500
1982 Founded as a Phoenician trading post, Sabratha was briefly ruled by Masinissa of Numidia before its Romanization and reconstruction in the 2nd and 3rd centuries.[38]
Old Town of Ghadamès   LibNalut District,
30°08′00″N 9°30′00″E / 30.13333°N 9.50000°E / 30.13333; 9.50000
1986 Located in an oasis, Ghadames is among the oldest of pre-Saharan cities and represents a traditional domestic architecture with vertical division of functions.[39]
Rock-art sites of Tadrart Acacus   LibFezzan,
24°50′00″N 10°20′00″E / 24.83333°N 10.33333°E / 24.83333; 10.33333
1985 The massif of Tadrart Acacus contains thousands of cave paintings in different styles, dating from 12,000 BCE to 100 CE, reflecting changes of flora and fauna in the region as well as different lifestyles of successive populations in the Sahara.[40]
Ancient Ksour of Ouadane, Chinguetti, Tichitt and Oualata   MauritaniaOuadane,
and Oualata,
20°55′44″N 11°37′25″W / 20.92889°N 11.62361°W / 20.92889; -11.62361
1996 These four settlements were founded in the 11th and 12th centuries, originally meant to serve caravan trade routes across the Sahara. They gradually evolved into Islamic cultural centres, bearing witness to the nomadic lifestyle of the populations of western Sahara.[41]
Banc d'Arguin National Park   MauritaniaNouadhibou and Azefal,
20°14′05″N 16°06′32″W / 20.23472°N 16.10889°W / 20.23472; -16.10889
1,200,000 (3,000,000) 1989 The park consists of sand dunes, coastal swamps, small islands, and shallow bodies of water; all bordering the coast of the Atlantic Ocean. Birds are often found to migrate in the area, accompanied by various species of sea turtles and dolphins, whose presence fishermen often use to attract fish.[42]
Archaeological site of Volubilis   MorFès-Meknès,
34°04′26″N 5°33′25″W / 34.07389°N 5.55694°W / 34.07389; -5.55694
42 (100) 1997 The important Roman outpost of Volubilis was founded in the 3rd century BCE as the capital of Mauretania, later becoming the capital of the Idrisid dynasty. It contained many buildings, the remains of which have survived extensively to this day.[43]
Historic City of Meknes   MorFès-Meknès,
33°53′00″N 5°33′30″W / 33.88333°N 5.55833°W / 33.88333; -5.55833
1996 The former capital of the Alaouite dynasty was founded in the 11th century by the Almoravids and turned into a city with Spanish-Moorish influence during the 17th and 18th centuries.[44]
Ksar of Ait-Ben-Haddou   MorDrâa-Tafilalet,
31°02′50″N 7°07′44″W / 31.04722°N 7.12889°W / 31.04722; -7.12889
3 (7.4) 1987 The Ksar of Ait-Ben-Haddou is an example of a traditional pre-Saharan habitat in southern Morocco, surrounded by high walls and reinforced with corner towers.[45]
Medina of Essaouira (formerly Mogador)   MorMarrakesh-Safi,
31°31′00″N 9°46′10″W / 31.51667°N 9.76944°W / 31.51667; -9.76944
30 (74) 2001 Built during the late 18th century, the fortified seaport of Essaouira has a mix of North African and European architecture, and was a major trading hub between the Sahara and Europe.[46]
Medina of Fez   MorFez,
34°03′40″N 4°58′40″W / 34.06111°N 4.97778°W / 34.06111; -4.97778
280 (690) 1981 Fez was founded in the 9th century and reached its apogee as the capital of the Marinid dynasty in the 13th and 14th centuries, from which its urban fabric and major monuments date. It also hosts the world's oldest university, the University of Al Quaraouiyine.[47]
Medina of Marrakesh   MorMarrakesh-Safi,
31°37′53″N 7°59′12″W / 31.63139°N 7.98667°W / 31.63139; -7.98667
1,107 (2,740) 1985 Marrakesh was founded in the 1070s and remained a political, economic, and cultural centre for a long time. Monuments from that period include the Koutoubia Mosque, the kasbah, and the battlements. The city also holds newer features, including palaces and madrasas.[48]
Medina of Tétouan (formerly known as Titawin)   MorTanger-Tetouan-Al Hoceima,
35°34′15″N 5°22′00″W / 35.57083°N 5.36667°W / 35.57083; -5.36667
7 (17) 1997 Morocco's most complete medina at Tétouan served as the main point of contact between Morocco and Andalusia during the 8th century. The town was rebuilt by Andalusian refugees following the Reconquista, the influence of which is evident in its art and architecture.[49]
Rabat, Modern Capital and Historic City: a Shared Heritage   MorRabat,
34°01′27″N 6°49′22″W / 34.02417°N 6.82278°W / 34.02417; -6.82278
349 (860) 2012 Rebuilt under the direction of the French from 1912 to the 1930s, Rabat blends historic and modern features, such as botanical gardens, the Hassan Mosque, and the remnants of Moorish and Andalusian settlements from the 17th century.[50]
Portuguese City of Mazagan (El Jadida)   MorCasablanca-Settat,
33°15′24″N 8°30′07″W / 33.25667°N 8.50194°W / 33.25667; -8.50194
8 (20) 2004 The Portuguese fortification of Mazagan, akin to early Renaissance military design from the early 16th century, was taken over by Morocco in 1769. Surviving buildings include the cistern and a Gothic church.[51]
Aflaj Irrigation Systems of Oman   OmnDakhiliyah, Sharqiyah and Batinah Regions,
22°59′56″N 57°32′10″E / 22.99889°N 57.53611°E / 22.99889; 57.53611
1,456 (3,600) 2006 The five Aflaj systems inscribed represents an irrigation method dating back to at least 500 CE. Such system effectively distribute water through gravity, as it flows to support agricultural and domestic use.[52]
Ancient City of Qalhat   OmnAsh Sharqiyah South Governorate,
22°42′N 59°22′E / 22.700°N 59.367°E / 22.700; 59.367
75.82 (187.4) 2018 [53]
Archaeological Sites of Bat, Al-Khutm and Al-Ayn   OmnAd Dhahirah Region,
23°16′11″N 56°44′42″E / 23.26972°N 56.74500°E / 23.26972; 56.74500
1988 Located in the interior of the Sultanate, Bat, al-Khutm and al-Ayn are among the best preserved ensembles of settlements and necropolises from the 3rd millennium BCE in Eastern Arabia and the world. The necropolis of Bat, in particular, reflects the funeral practices of the Early Bronze Age in Oman.[54]
Bahla Fort   OmnAd Dakhiliyah Region,
22°57′51″N 57°18′04″E / 22.96417°N 57.30111°E / 22.96417; 57.30111
1987 The fort is part of Bahla, an oasis settlement and formerly the capital of the Nabhani dynasty, who dominated Oman and prospered in the Arabian Peninsula during the Late Middle Ages.[55]
Land of Frankincense   OmnDhofar Governorate,
18°15′12″N 53°38′51″E / 18.25333°N 53.64750°E / 18.25333; 53.64750
850 (2,100) 2000 The ancient ports of Khor Rori and Al-Baleed, the caravan oasis of Shisr and Wadi Dawkah in southern Arabia were crucial in the production and distribution of frankincense, one of the most sought-after items of luxury in Antiquity.[56]
Old City of Jerusalem and its Walls   JerEast Jerusalem
31°46′00″N 35°13′00″E / 31.76667°N 35.21667°E / 31.76667; 35.21667
1981 A holy city for three of the world's major religions, Jerusalem contains more than 200 historic monuments, including the Dome of the Rock, the Wailing Wall and the Church of the Holy Sepulchre.[57]
Birthplace of Jesus: Church of the Nativity and the Pilgrimage Route, Bethlehem   PalBethlehem Governorate,
31°42′16″N 35°12′27″E / 31.70444°N 35.20750°E / 31.70444; 35.20750
3 (7.4) 2012 The site is traditionally identified as the birthplace of Jesus. The church, built in the 4th century and reconstructed in the 6th century, holds prominent religious significance to both Christians and Muslims.[58][59]
Palestine: Land of Olives and Vines – Cultural Landscape of Southern Jerusalem, Battir   PalBethlehem Governorate,
31°43′11″N 35°07′50″E / 31.71972°N 35.13056°E / 31.71972; 35.13056
349 (860) 2014 The hill landscape of Battir features stone terraces for market garden, grapevine and olive production, supported by a traditional irrigation system.[60]
Hebron/Al-Khalil Old Town   PalHebron Governorate,
31°31′30″N 35°06′30″E / 31.52500°N 35.10833°E / 31.52500; 35.10833
20.6 (51) 2017 The centre of interest of the town was the site of Al mosque -Ibrahim / the tomb of the Patriarchs whose buildings are in a compound built in the 1st century CE to protect the tombs of the patriarch Abraham / Ibrahim and his family.[61]
Al Zubarah Archaeological Site   QatAl Shamal,
25°58′41″N 51°01′47″E / 25.97806°N 51.02972°E / 25.97806; 51.02972
416 (1,030) 2013 The coastal town of Al Zubarah was a major pearling and trading centre in the Persian Gulf in the late 18th and early 19th centuries, before its destruction in 1811 and eventual abandonment in the early 20th century. The remains of its palaces, mosques, harbour, fortifications and other structures are preserved by the sand blown from the desert.[62]
Al-Hasa   SauHofuf, Al-Ahsa Governorate
  सउदी अरब
25°25′46″N 49°37′19″E / 25.42944°N 49.62194°E / 25.42944; 49.62194
8,544 (21,110) 2018 [63]
Al-Hijr Archaeological Site (Madâin Sâlih)   SauAl Madinah Province,
  सउदी अरब
26°47′01″N 37°57′18″E / 26.78361°N 37.95500°E / 26.78361; 37.95500
1,621 (4,010) 2008 Formerly known as Hegra, the site of Al-Hijr constitutes the largest settlement of the Nabataean Kingdom after Petra. It contains a series of well-preserved rock-cut tombs and monuments dating back to the 1st century BCE.[64]
At-Turaif District in ad-Dir'iyah   SauRiyadh Province,
  सउदी अरब
24°44′03″N 46°34′21″E / 24.73417°N 46.57250°E / 24.73417; 46.57250
29 (72) 2008 Founded in the 15th century, the Turaif District of Dir'iyah was the first capital of the Saudi dynasty. Dir'iyah witnessed the growth of its political and religious significance, as well as the spread of Wahhabism in the 18th and the early 19th centuries.[65]
Ḥimā Cultural Area   SauNajran Province,
  सउदी अरब
18°14′55″N 44°27′6″E / 18.24861°N 44.45167°E / 18.24861; 44.45167
242.17 (598.4) 2021 Ḥimā Cultural Area contains a collection of rock art images illustrating hunting, fauna, flora and lifestyles of 7,000 years.[66]
Historic Jeddah, the Gate to Makkah   SauMakkah Region,
  सउदी अरब
21°29′02″N 39°11′15″E / 21.48389°N 39.18750°E / 21.48389; 39.18750
18 (44) 2014 Located on the coast of the Red Sea, Jeddah grew into a major commercial centre in the 7th century, and has long served as the principal gateway for pilgrims to Mecca.[67]
Rock Art in the Ha'il Region   SauHa'il Region,
  सउदी अरब
28°00′38″N 40°54′47″E / 28.01056°N 40.91306°E / 28.01056; 40.91306
2,044 (5,050) 2015 The sites of Jabel Umm Sinman and Jabal al-Manjor and Raat contain a large number of petroglyphs and inscriptions, covering 10,000 years of human history.[68]
Archaeological Sites of the Island of Meroe   SdnRiver Nile State,
16°56′00″N 33°43′00″E / 16.93333°N 33.71667°E / 16.93333; 33.71667
2,357 (5,820) 2011 Meroe was the centre of the Kingdom of Kush, a major force active from the 8th century BCE to the 4th century CE. It is home to pyramids, temples, and domestic buildings, among other vestiges.[69]
Gebel Barkal and the Sites of the Napatan Region   SdnNorthern State,
18°32′00″N 31°49′00″E / 18.53333°N 31.81667°E / 18.53333; 31.81667
183 (450) 2003 The archaeological sites of Gebel Barkal, Kurru, Nuri, Sanam and Zuma in the Nile Valley testify to the Napatan and Meroitic civilisations. They host a series of pyramids, tombs, temples, palaces, burial mounds and funerary chambers.[70]
Sanganeb Marine National Park and Dungonab Bay – Mukkawar Island Marine National Park Sdn  सूडान
19°44′10″N 37°26′35″E / 19.73611°N 37.44306°E / 19.73611; 37.44306
199,524 (493,030) 2016 Situated in the central Red Sea, Sanganeb, Dungonab Bay and Mukkawar Island feature a diverse system of coral reefs, mangroves, seagrass beds, beaches and islets, and host populations of seabirds, marine mammals, fish, sharks, turtles, manta rays and dugongs.[71]
Ancient City of Aleppo   SyrAleppo Governorate,
36°14′00″N 37°10′00″E / 36.23333°N 37.16667°E / 36.23333; 37.16667
350 (860) 1986 Situated at the crossroads of several trade routes, Aleppo has been successively ruled, among others, by the Romans, Ayyubids, Mameluks and Ottomans, each leaving significant influence in its architectural fabric, resulting in a diverse cityscape. Major structures include the Citadel, the Great Mosque and the Madrasa Halawiye.[72]
Ancient City of Bosra   SyrDaraa Governorate,
32°31′05″N 36°28′54″E / 32.51806°N 36.48167°E / 32.51806; 36.48167
1980 Formerly a Nabataean settlement, Bosra was conquered by the Romans in the 2nd century CE and made capital of Arabia. It came under Islamic rule in the 7th century. Remains of the ancient city include a theatre, a basilica, a cathedral, a mosque and a madrasa, among others.[73]
Ancient City of Damascus   SyrDamascus Governorate,
33°30′41″N 36°18′23″E / 33.51139°N 36.30639°E / 33.51139; 36.30639
86 (210) 1979 Established the 3rd millennium BCE, Damascus is considered to be one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. As the capital of the Umayyads, it has been of significant influence to the Arab world. The Great Mosque is among the largest in the world and the oldest sites of continuous prayer since the beginnings of Islam.[74]
Ancient Villages of Northern Syria   Syr  सीरि‍या
36°20′03″N 36°50′39″E / 36.33417°N 36.84417°E / 36.33417; 36.84417
12,290 (30,400) 2011 The site comprises some 40 villages, dating from the 1st to 7th centuries and abandoned in the 8th to 10th centuries. They provide an insight into rural life in Late Antiquity and during the Byzantine period.[75]
Crac des Chevaliers and Qal'at Salah El-Din   SyrHoms and Latakia Governorates,
34°46′54″N 36°15′47″E / 34.78167°N 36.26306°E / 34.78167; 36.26306
9 (22) 2006 The Crac des Chevaliers and the Qal'at Salah El-Din are regarded as two of the most prominent examples of castles during the Crusader period, demonstrating an evolution of fortifications and exchange of influences in defensive technology.[76]
Site of Palmyra   SyrHoms Governorate,
34°33′15″N 38°16′00″E / 34.55417°N 38.26667°E / 34.55417; 38.26667
0.36 (0.89) 1980 Palmyra came under Roman rule in the 1st century CE, and grew to become one of the most important cultural centres of the ancient world. Its extensive ruins include remains of the Great Colonnade, the Temple of Bel, the Camp of Diocletian and the Roman Theatre.[77]
Archaeological Site of Carthage   TunTunis Governorate,
36°51′10″N 10°19′24″E / 36.85278°N 10.32333°E / 36.85278; 10.32333
616 (1,520) 1979 Founded in the 9th century BCE, Carthage developed into a trading empire spanning the Mediterranean. The city was destroyed in 146 BCE in the Punic Wars at the hands of the Romans, but was later reestablished.[78]
Dougga / Thugga   TunBeBéja Governorate,
36°25′25″N 9°13′13″E / 36.42361°N 9.22028°E / 36.42361; 9.22028
70 (170) 1997 The site features the ruins of Dougga, a former capital of a Libyan–Punic state, which flourished under the Romans and the Byzantines, but went into decline in the Islamic period.[79]
Amphitheatre of El Jem   TunMahdia Governorate,
35°17′47″N 10°42′25″E / 35.29639°N 10.70694°E / 35.29639; 10.70694
1.37 (3.4) 1979 Built during the 3rd century, the Amphitheatre of El Jem is North Africa's largest amphitheatre, and the largest one built outside of Italy, with a capacity of 35,000 spectators, regarded as among the most accomplished examples of Roman architecture of its kind.[80]
Ichkeul National Park   TunBiBizerte Governorate,
37°09′49″N 9°40′29″E / 37.16361°N 9.67472°E / 37.16361; 9.67472
12,600 (31,000) 1980 Ichkeul Lake and the surrounding wetlands is a destination for hundreds of thousands of migrating birds, including ducks, geese, storks and pink flamingos. It was once part of a chain that extended across North Africa.[81]
Kairouan   TunKairouan Governorate,
35°40′54″N 10°06′14″E / 35.68167°N 10.10389°E / 35.68167; 10.10389
68 (170) 1988 Founded in 670, Kairouan was the former capital of Ifriqiya and flourished in the 9th century. Its heritage includes the Mosque of Uqba and the Mosque of the Three Gates.[82]
Medina of Sousse   TunSousse Governorate,
35°49′40″N 10°38′19″E / 35.82778°N 10.63861°E / 35.82778; 10.63861
32 (79) 1988 A prime example of a town from the early Islamic period, Sousse was an important commercial and military port during the 9th century.[83]
Medina of Tunis   TunTunis Governorate,
36°49′00″N 10°10′00″E / 36.81667°N 10.16667°E / 36.81667; 10.16667
296 (730) 1979 The Medina of Tunis contains some 700 monuments, including palaces, mosques, mausoleums, madrasah and fourtains, testifying to Tunis' golden age from the 12th to the 16th century.[84]
Punic Town of Kerkuane and its Necropolis   TunNabeul Governorate,
36°56′47″N 11°05′57″E / 36.94639°N 11.09917°E / 36.94639; 11.09917
1985 Abandoned in 250 BCE during the First Punic War and never rebuilt, Kerkuane is the only surviving example of a Phoenicio–Punic settlement.[85]
Cultural Sites of Al Ain (Hafit, Hili, Bidaa Bint Saud and Oases Areas)   UaeAbu Dhabi,
  संयुक्त अरब अमीरात
24°04′04″N 55°48′23″E / 24.06778°N 55.80639°E / 24.06778; 55.80639
4,945 (12,220) 2011 Situated in a desert region, Al Ain has been occupied since the Neolithic period, hosting stone tombs from the 3rd millennium BCE, wells, adobe constructions and one of the oldest examples of the aflaj irrigation system at Bidaa Bint Saud.[86]
Historic Town of Zabid   YemAl Hudaydah Governorate,
14°11′53″N 43°19′48″E / 14.19806°N 43.33000°E / 14.19806; 43.33000
1993 Zabid was the capital of Yemen from the 13th to the 15th century. Its Islamic university greatly contributed to the spread of Islamic knowledge.[87]
Old City of Sana'a   YemSana'a Governorate,
15°21′20″N 44°12′29″E / 15.35556°N 44.20806°E / 15.35556; 44.20806
1986 Situated in a mountain valley, Sana'a has been continuously inhabited for more than 2,500 years. It became a centre for the spread of Islam in the 7th and 8th centuries. The city is home to the unique rammed-earth tower-houses, in addition to 103 mosques and 14 hammams built before the 11th century.[88]
Old Walled City of Shibam   YemHadhramaut Governorate,
15°55′37″N 48°37′36″E / 15.92694°N 48.62667°E / 15.92694; 48.62667
1982 The 16th-century walled city of Shibam is among the oldest and best examples of vertical urban planning, with its distinct mud brick tower houses garnering it the nickname "the Manhattan of the desert".[89]
Socotra Archipelago   YemSocotra Governorate,
12°30′00″N 53°50′00″E / 12.50000°N 53.83333°E / 12.50000; 53.83333
410,460 (1,014,300) 2008 Although part of the African landmass, the Socotra Archipelago is administered from Yemen. It is known for its great biodiversity and distinct flora and fauna, with a large number of endemic species found nowhere else on earth. It also supports a broad range of avian and marine life.[90]
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  2. "Al Qal'a of Beni Hammad". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 17 August 2011.
  3. "Djémila". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 17 August 2011.
  4. "Kasbah of Algiers". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 17 August 2011.
  5. "M'zab Valley". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 17 August 2011.
  6. "Tassili n'Ajjer". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 17 August 2011.
  7. "Timgad". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 17 August 2011.
  8. "Tipaza". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 17 August 2011.
  9. "Dilmun Burial Mounds". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 9 July 2019.
  10. "Qal'at al-Bahrain – Ancient Harbour and Capital of Dilmun". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 17 August 2011.
  11. "Pearling, Testimony of an Island Economy". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 1 July 2012.
  12. "Abu Mena". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 17 August 2011.
  13. "Ancient Thebes with its Necropolis". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 17 August 2011.
  14. "Historic Cairo". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 17 August 2011.
  15. "Memphis and its Necropolis – the Pyramid Fields from Giza to Dahshur". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 24 December 2016.
  16. "Nubian Monuments from Abu Simbel to Philae". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 17 August 2011.
  17. "Saint Catherine Area". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 17 August 2011.
  18. "Wadi Al-Hitan (Whale Valley)". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 17 August 2011.
  19. "The Ahwar of Southern Iraq: Refuge of Biodiversity and the Relict Landscape of the Mesopotamian Cities". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 6 August 2016.
  20. "Babylon". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 9 July 2019.
  21. "Erbil Citadel". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 2 January 2015.
  22. "Hatra". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 17 August 2011.
  23. "Ashur (Qal'at Sherqat)". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 17 August 2011.
  24. "Samarra Archaeological City". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 17 August 2011.
  25. Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "As-Salt - The Place of Tolerance and Urban Hospitality". UNESCO World Heritage Centre (अंग्रेज़ी में). अभिगमन तिथि 2021-07-29.
  26. "Baptism Site "Bethany Beyond the Jordan" (Al-Maghtas)". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 6 October 2015.
  27. "Petra". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 17 August 2011.
  28. "Qasr Amra". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 17 August 2011.
  29. "Um er-Rasas (Kastrom Mefa'a)". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 17 August 2011.
  30. "Wadi Rum Protected Area". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 17 August 2011.
  31. "Anjar". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 17 August 2011.
  32. "Baalbek". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 17 August 2011.
  33. "Byblos". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 17 August 2011.
  34. "Ouadi Qadisha (the Holy Valley) and the Forest of the Cedars of God (Horsh Arz el-Rab)". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 17 August 2011.
  35. "Tyre". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 17 August 2011.
  36. "Archaeological Site of Cyrene". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 17 August 2011.
  37. "Archaeological Site of Leptis Magna". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 17 August 2011.
  38. "Archaeological Site of Sabratha". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 17 August 2011.
  39. "Old Town of Ghadamès". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 17 August 2011.
  40. "Rock-Art Sites of Tadrart Acacus". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 17 August 2011.
  41. "Ancient Ksour of Ouadane, Chinguetti, Tichitt and Oualata". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 17 August 2011.
  42. "Banc d'Arguin National Park". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 17 August 2011.
  43. "Archaeological Site of Volubilis". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 17 August 2011.
  44. "Historic City of Meknes". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 17 August 2011.
  45. "Ksar of Ait-Ben-Haddou". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 17 August 2011.
  46. "Medina of Essaouira (formerly Mogador)". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 17 August 2011.
  47. "Medina of Fez". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 17 August 2011.
  48. "Medina of Marrakesh". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 17 August 2011.
  49. "Medina of Tétouan (formerly known as Titawin)". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 17 August 2011.
  50. "Rabat, Modern Capital and Historic City: a Shared Heritage". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 6 February 2016.
  51. "Portuguese City of Mazagan (El Jadida)". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 17 August 2011.
  52. "Aflaj Irrigation Systems of Oman". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 17 August 2011.
  53. "Ancient City of Qalhat". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 29 June 2018.
  54. "Archaeological Sites of Bat, Al-Khutm and Al-Ayn". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 17 August 2011.
  55. "Bahla Fort". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 17 August 2011.
  56. "Land of Frankincense". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 17 August 2011.
  57. "Old City of Jerusalem and its Walls". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 17 August 2011.
  58. "Birthplace of Jesus: Church of the Nativity and the Pilgrimage Route, Bethlehem". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 12 May 2016.
  59. "The site of the Birthplace of Jesus in Bethlehem (Palestine) removed from the List of World Heritage in Danger". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 7 July 2019.
  60. "Palestine: Land of Olives and Vines – Cultural Landscape of Southern Jerusalem, Battir". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 12 May 2016.
  61. "Hebron/Al-Khalil Old Town - UNESCO World Heritage Centre". Unesco. अभिगमन तिथि 7 July 2017.
  62. "Al Zubarah Archaeological Site". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 3 May 2015.
  63. "Al-Ahsa Oasis, an Evolving Cultural Landscape". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 29 June 2018.
  64. "Al-Hijr Archaeological Site (Madâin Sâlih)". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 17 August 2011.
  65. "At-Turaif District in ad-Dir'iyah". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 17 August 2011.
  66. "Ḥimā Cultural Area". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. अभिगमन तिथि 2021-07-31.
  67. "Historic Jeddah, the Gate to Makkah". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 12 October 2015.
  68. "Rock Art in the Hail Region of Saudi Arabia". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 12 October 2015.
  69. "Archaeological Sites of the Island of Meroe". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 17 August 2011.
  70. "Gebel Barkal and the Sites of the Napatan Region". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 17 August 2011.
  71. "Sanganeb Marine National Park and Dungonab Bay – Mukkawar Island Marine National Park". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 6 August 2016.
  72. "Ancient City of Aleppo". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 17 August 2011.
  73. "Ancient City of Bosra". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 17 August 2011.
  74. "Ancient City of Damascus". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 17 August 2011.
  75. "Ancient Villages of Northern Syria". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 17 August 2011.
  76. "Crac des Chevaliers and Qal'at Salah El-Din". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 17 August 2011.
  77. "Site of Palmyra". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 17 August 2011.
  78. "Archaeological Site of Carthage". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 17 August 2011.
  79. "Dougga / Thugga". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 17 August 2011.
  80. "Amphitheatre of El Jem". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 17 August 2011.
  81. "Ichkeul National Park". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 17 August 2011.
  82. "Kairouan". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 17 August 2011.
  83. "Medina of Sousse". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 17 August 2011.
  84. "Medina of Tunis". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 17 August 2011.
  85. "Punic Town of Kerkuane and its Necropolis". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 17 August 2011.
  86. "Cultural Sites of Al Ain (Hafit, Hili, Bidaa Bint Saud and Oases Areas)". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 6 February 2016.
  87. "Historic Town of Zabid". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 17 August 2011.
  88. "Old City of Sana'a". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 17 August 2011.
  89. "Old Walled City of Shibam". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 17 August 2011.
  90. "Socotra Archipelago". UNESCO. अभिगमन तिथि 17 August 2011.