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Consonantsसंपादित करें

IPA Description Written as Pronounced as in
p Voiceless bilabial plosive p साँचा:Bold dark reden
b Voiced bilabial plosive b साँचा:Bold dark redat
t Voiceless alveolar plosive t साँचा:Bold dark redan
d Voiced alveolar plosive d साँचा:Bold dark redebt
c Voiceless palatal plosive q साँचा:Bold dark redute
ɟ Voiced palatal plosive gj arसाँचा:Bold dark redue
k Voiceless velar plosive k साँचा:Bold dark redar
ɡ Voiced velar plosive g साँचा:Bold dark redo
ts Voiceless alveolar affricate c haसाँचा:Bold dark red
dz Voiced alveolar affricate x gooसाँचा:Bold dark red
Voiceless postalveolar affricate ç साँचा:Bold dark redin
Voiced postalveolar affricate xh साँचा:Bold dark redet
θ Voiceless dental fricative th साँचा:Bold dark redin
ð Voiced dental fricative dh साँचा:Bold dark reden
f Voiceless labiodental fricative f साँचा:Bold dark redar
v Voiced labiodental fricative v साँचा:Bold dark redan
s Voiceless alveolar fricative s साँचा:Bold dark redon
z Voiced alveolar fricative z साँचा:Bold dark redip
ʃ Voiceless postalveolar fricative sh साँचा:Bold dark redow
ʒ Voiced postalveolar fricative zh viसाँचा:Bold dark redion
h Voiceless glottal fricative h साँचा:Bold dark redat
m Bilabial nasal m साँचा:Bold dark redan
n Alveolar nasal n साँचा:Bold dark redot
ɲ Palatal nasal nj oसाँचा:Bold dark redon
ŋ Velar nasal ng baसाँचा:Bold dark red
j Palatal approximant j साँचा:Bold dark redes
l Alveolar lateral approximant l साँचा:Bold dark redean
ɫ Velarized alveolar lateral approximant ll baसाँचा:Bold dark red
r Alveolar trill rr Spanish peसाँचा:Bold dark redo
ɾ Alveolar tap r Spanish peसाँचा:Bold dark redo

Notes:

  • The palatal stops /c/ and /ɟ/ occur in English as allophones of /k/ and /ɡ/ before front vowels. Palatal stops are phonemic in many languages including Hungarian and Icelandic.
  • The palatal nasal /ɲ/ corresponds to the Spanish ñ and the French and Italian gn. It is pronounced as one sound, not a nasal plus a glide.
  • The ll sound is a velarised lateral, close to English dark L.
  • The contrast between flapped r and trilled rr is the same as in Spanish. English does not have either of the two sounds phonemically. The tt in butter is a flapped r for most North Americans and Australians.
  • The letter ç is sometimes written ch due to technical limitations because of its use in English sound and its analogy to the other digraphs xh, sh, and zh. Usually it is written simply c or more rarely q with context resolving any ambiguities.

Vowelsसंपादित करें

Notesसंपादित करें