मुख्य मेनू खोलें

The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Standard Bulgarian and Standard Macedonian pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.

When two examples are given, the first is in Bulgarian and the second in Macedonian. When one example is given, the word has the same spelling in both languages.

English approximations are in some cases very rough, and only intended to give a general idea of the pronunciation. See Bulgarian language#Phonology and Macedonian phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds.

Phones specific to Bulgarian or Macedonian are marked b and m respectively.

IPA Examples Nearest English equivalent
Consonants
b баба box
c кяр, ќар cue
d дом dust
dz дзифт, ѕвезда birds
джем, џем jab
f филм fact
ɟ геврек, ѓеврек argue
ɡ гарван good
j паяк, пајак yes
k къща, куќа keep
lb бели list
m Попокатепетл little
ɫ лош milk
ʎ любов, љубов million
m море mocha
n нос North
ɲ баня, бања onion
ŋ банка Sing
p пет palm
r работа robot (trilled)
m прст US: verb (trilled)
s стол speak
ʃ шума sugar
t тайна, тајна time
ts цар bats
чай, чај cheese
v вода view
x хартия, хартија Bach
z зима zoo
ʒ жълт, жолт pleasure
IPA Examples Nearest English equivalent
Vowels
a брат father (stressed)
ɐ щерка, ќерка sofa (unstressed)
ɤ, ə късмет, ксмет turn
ɛ цена edge
i сив happy
ɔ слон more (stressed)
o нещо, нешто more (unstressed)
u хубав, убав pool
IPA Explanation
Stress
ˈ Denotes stress on the following syllable
ˌ b Denotes secondary stress on the following syllable
Palatalization
ʲ b Denotes palatalization of the preceding consonant

Sourcesसंपादित करें

  • Жобов, Владимир (2004), Звуковете в българския език
  • Lunt, Horace G. (1952), Grammar of the Macedonian Literary Language, Skopje