मुख्य मेनू खोलें

The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Astur-Leonese pronunciations in Wikipedia articles. There are three main standards of Astur-Leonese, one of Asturian and one of Leonese in Spain, and one of Mirandese in Portugal. Neither Astur-Leonese variant is preferred over the other at Wikipedia except in cases where a local pronunciation is clearly more relevant, such as a place in Asturias or Miranda do Douro (Alto Trás-os-Montes) or a Leonese artist.

IPA Consonants
आस्तुरियास León, Spain पुर्तगाल Examples English equivalent
b bono; vara, palomba best
β cabra; les vares between baby and bevy
d dolce; andar; alderique die
ð corderu this
f fierru; afayar face
ɡ guerra; enguila got
ɣ gadañu, mugor between go and ahold
ʝ ye; trabayu between beige and due in RP
k coyer; quesu scan
l l lentu; filu luck
ɫ calcar luck or wool
ʎ llentu / lhengua roughly like million
m marzu; amor mother
n nel; cabana need
ŋ enguila; encontu; avientu sing
ɲ españar / pequeinho roughly like canyon
p palu; aportar spose
r rabu; arramplar trilled r
ɾ[1] cultura; cayer ladder in American English
s suelu; asina / s-; -ss- sack
θ cielu; zapatu; cazar / c-; ç-; -ç- thing or sack
z; desdexar; ç + voiced consonant thing or zebra
ʃ ʃ xera, axuntar shop
ʒ pexdegatu, j-, -j- shop or rouge
t tontu, matu stand
charrar, echar chop
z -s + voiced consonant /
achisbar, -s + voiced consonant
zebra
IPA Marginal consonants
आस्तुरियास León, Spain पुर्तगाल Examples English equivalent
h oguera; guae ham
ɖ[2] ḷḷousa; Vitsablinu guard
coyyer Roughly like Scutum
x Jaén loch
IPA Vowels
आस्तुरियास León, Spain पुर्तगाल Examples English equivalent
a a pá father
ã mancar
ɐ but
ɐ̃
e e fame pay
neñu
ɛ[3]
ɛ̃[3]
ɨ
ɨ̃
i i fíu see
ĩ índa
o o cuayáo code
õ onde
ɔ[4]
u
u u camudar food
ũ munchu
 
IPA Semivowels[5]
आस्तुरियास León, Spain पुर्तगाल Examples English equivalent
j Uviéu you or boy
w cueva wine or cow
 
IPA Suprasegmentals
आस्तुरियास León, Spain पुर्तगाल Examples English equivalent
ˈ vieyu [bjeˈʝu] bottle
ˌ vees [beˈniˌes] intonation
. u [ri.u] moai

Notesसंपादित करें

  1. Can become an Alveolar approximant in the last position of an infinitive, specially in central asturian where are remains of infinitives in -re.
  2. Varies with a voiced retroflex affricate, a voiceless retroflex affricate and a voiceless alveolar affricate.
  3. May be a mid vowel: [] and [ẽ̞], same as Leonese and Asturian /e/.
  4. May be a mid vowel: [], same as Leonese and Asturian /o/.
  5. The semivowels /w/ and /j/ can be combined with most vowels to form diphthongs and triphthongs.