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The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Icelandic language pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.

See Icelandic phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds of Icelandic.

IPA Examples English approximation
Consonants
c gys skew
kær cute
ç hjá hue
ð verða[1] weather
f pka, f fun
h hús hop
ʰ þakka, tappi, stutt (an h sound before [p, t, c, k])
ʝ jú, lagi, éta yes
k göng sky
hver, krakki kite
l líf leap
stelpa, sæll (voiceless, like hl)
ɫ ' wool
ɫ̥ ' (voiceless)
m miði moon
lampi (voiceless, like hm)
n níu noon
hnífur (voiceless, like hn)
ɲ lengi canyon
ɲ̊ banki [ˈpauɲ̥cɪ] (voiceless, like hny)
ŋ ungs sing
ŋ̊ þungt (voiceless, like hng)
θ það think
p böl, nafni spy
páfi pie
r rós ring (trilled)
hreinn (voiceless, like hr)
s saga sing
t dagur, galli, seinna sty
tvær tie
v af, verk[1] between very and wary
x sjúkt, sagt Bach
ɣ g[1] (like Spanish trigo or amargo)
ʔ ' oh-oh!
IPA Examples English approximation
Vowels (all examples are long)
a raka between fat and father
ai æfing pie
au páfi pow
ɛ nema pet
ei heim pay
i líf, pea
ɪ yfir, vita pick
œ öl (like French eu or German ö)
øi auga
ou kólna Poe
ɔ von pore
ɔi flogin poi
u núna poodle
ʏ kul (like French u or German ü)
ʏi flugið (ʏ before j)
Other symbols used in transcription of Icelandic pronunciation
IPA Explanation
ˈ stress (placed before the stressed syllable),
langur [ˈlauŋkʏr̥]
ː long vowel,[2] double consonant

Notesसंपादित करें

  1. The [ð, ɣ, v] are very light, i.e., they are more like approximants than fricatives.
  2. Vowels are long when stressed and followed by no more than one consonant