The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Swedish and Norwegian pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.
See Swedish phonology and Norwegian phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds of these languages. Examples in the table are Swedish unless otherwise noted.
||Nearest English equivalent
||she (Swedish), hue (Norwegian)
||Swedish: sjok ('chunk'), Norwegian: sjø ('sea')
||loch etc. (Swedish)|
||lake (Norwegian: 'brine', Norwegian and Swedish: 'burbot')
||Karl (male first name)
||A flapped or trilled R.
||marshal (in some dialects)
||parti ('political party')
||vote in Swedish;|
between v and w in Norwegian
||Nearest English equivalent
||mat [ˈmɑːt] "food"
||fast [ˈfast]/[ˈfɑst] "steady, unmoving"
||ära [æːra]/"ære" [æːre] "honor"
||fersk [ˈfæʂːk] "fresh"
||hel [ˈheːl] "whole"
||häl [ˈhɛːl] "heel"
||häll/helle [ˈhɛl] "flat rock"
||sil [ˈsiːl] "sieve"
||sill/sild [ˈsɪl]/[ˈsɪl(d)] "herring"
||mål [ˈmoːl] "goal"
||moll [ˈmɔl] "minor" (music)
||moll, with round lips
||dö/dø ['døː] "die"
||No English equivalent; German long ö
||nött [ˈnœt] "worn" in Swedish
nøtt "nut" in Norwegian
|No English equivalent; German short ö
||öra [œːra] "ear"
||British learn or fur
||full [ˈfɵl] "full"
||bird, with tight lips|
||bot [ˈbuːt] "penance"
||ful [ˈfʉːl] "ugly, cunning, sly"
||fuel, Australian food, with tight lips|
||bott [ˈbʊt] "lived" in Swedish
||put, with tight lips
||syl [ˈsyːl] "awl"
||No English equivalent; French u
||syll [ˈsʏl] "sleeper" (railroad) in Swedish;
fylle "fill" in Norwegian
|No English equivalent; German short ü
||begå [bəˈgoː] "commit"
|Stress and tone
|Tone 1 / acute accent: |
• Single stress with single falling tone in Stockholm: [ˈândɛn]
• Low tone [ˈà] in Oslo and falling tone [ˈâ] in western Norway
|Tone 2 / grave accent: |
• Double stress with double falling tone in Stockholm: [ˈânˈdɛ̂n]
• Falling tone [ˈâ] in Oslo and rising-falling tone in western Norway
- ↑ अ आ इ ई उ In many of the dialects that have an apical rhotic consonant, a recursive Sandhi process of retroflexion occurs wherein clusters of /r/ and dental consonants /rd/, /rl/, /rn/, /rs/, /rt/ produce retroflex consonant realizations: [ɖ], [ɭ], [ɳ], [ʂ], [ʈ]. In dialects with a guttural R, such as Southern Swedish and many Southern and Western Norwegian dialects these are [ʀd], [ʀl], [ʀn], [ʀs], [ʀt].
- ↑ Swedish /ɧ/ is a regionally variable sound, sometimes [xʷ], [ɸˠ], or [ʂ]
- ↑ /r/ is regionally variable, being alveolar in some dialects and uvular in others.
- ↑ अ आ इ Before /r/, the quality of non-high front vowels is changed in Swedish. /ɛː/ and /ɛ/ lower to [æ]; /øː/, and /œ/ are lowered to [œ̞], though the diacritic is not included in the chart above for simplicity.
- ↑ अ आ इ ई उ ऊ Vowels spelled u, o are compressed vowels. Those spelled ö/ø, y, å, on the other hand, are protruded vowels.
- ↑ [ʉː] is a central vowel in Oslo, but a front vowel in Stockholm.